Principles of Biology Exam 1

32 cards

Terms used to study for my BIOL 1050 first exam, Principles of Biology. These are just general biology terms.


 
  
Created Sep 12, 2009
by
kvgold42

 

 
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1
The study of life
 
biology
2
Begins with specific observations(facts), draws general conclusion, used to form scientific...
 
inductive reasoning
3
Starts with general idea, makes specific predictions that follow logically
 
deductive reasoning
4
The concerted human effort to understand, or to understand better, the history of the natural...
 
science
5
A statement that provides some explanation for the observed facts
 
hypothesis
6
The variable that is measured, counted, or observed
 
dependent variable
7
The variable that is manipulated
 
independent variable
8
Independent variable is held at a constant level or omitted
 
control
9
Method or sequence of steps performed for the experiment
 
procedure
10
Repeating the experiment several times to provide consistent results
 
replication
11
Observation that is subjective(colors, smells, etc...)
 
qualitative
12
Observation that includes facts or measurements
 
quantitative
13
The capacity to do work
 
energy
14
The set of chemical reactions that occur in living organisms to maintain life.
 
metabolism
15
Molecules and structures that detect stimuli
 
receptors
16
A specific form of energy that a receptor can detect
 
stimulus
17
To maintain relatively constant internal conditions
 
homeostasis
18
Reproduction which requires the two cells from different individuals to unite to produce the...
 
sexual reproduction
19
Reproduction in which a single organism can reproduce without the aid of another.
 
asexual reproduction
20
Fundamental form of matter that cannot be broken down into a different form of matter by ordinary...
 
element
21
Smallest unit of an element that retains the element's properties, consist of three subatomic...
 
atom
22
Atom that varies in neutron number
 
isotope
23
Union between the electron structures of two or more atoms
 
chemical bond
24
Occurs when two or more elements intermingle in proportions that can vary
 
mixture
25
3 kinds of chemical bonds
 
ionic, covalent, hydrogen
26
8 characteristics of living things
 
Assimilate and use energy, Can respond to their environment, Maintain relatively constant internal...
27
Bond in which atoms of opposite charge attract each other
 
ionic bond
28
An atom that has either lost or gained one or more electrons
 
ion
29
Bond in which atoms share outer-shell electrons with other atoms
 
covalent bond
30
Bond in which a weak attraction forms when the positive end of 1 polarized molecule is attracted...
 
hydrogen bond
31
Type of covalent bonding in which distribution of charge is symmetrical
 
nonpolar
32
Type of covalent bonding in which distribution of charge is asymmetrical
 
polar


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