Pre Lab 9 And 10- Respiratory System/ Urinary System

The Physiology And Histology Of The Respiratory System And The Urinary System

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Side ASide B
What type of epithelium lines the lumen of the trachea?
Pseudostratified epithelium
What are the two modifications of the epithelium (pseduostratified)?
Cilia and Goblet Cells
What moves dust and mucus away from lungs?
What produces mucus?
Goblet Cells
What is the effect of cigarette smoking on the cilia?
Cigarette smoking inhibits and destroys the ciliary action
Is there a deficiency in the hyaline cartilage of the tracheal rings?
What is the functional reason for this deficiency in the hyaline cartilage of the tracheal...
To allow easy passage of food in the esophagus
What characteristics make alveoli ideal for gas exchange?
Single layer of epithelial cells on the wall of the alveoli, and large surface area for diffusion...
Made of simple squamous epithelium of the alveoli on one side (alveolar wall) and simple squamous...
The respiratory membrane
  1. Oxygen diffuses down its pressure gradient, from a higher partial pressure region in the alveoli...
  1. There is a resultant increase in the thoracic volume from the contractions of the muscles. ...
  1. The thoracic volume decreases and the pressure increases.
  1.  The partial vaccum created in the pleural space...
Maximum volume of air that can be expired after a tidal expiration.
Expiratory reserve volume,    1200 ml        ...
Volume of air corresponding to TV + IRV + ERV  
Vital capacity 4800 ml
Volume of air inspired and expired during normal breathing
Tidal volume   500 ml
Volume of air remaining in the lungs at the end of maximal expiration        ...
Residual volume 1200 ml    
Maximal volume of air that can be inspired at the end of a tidal inspiration       ...
Inspiratory reserve volume 3100 ml
  1. Vital capacity in a smoker would be lower than the...
is a chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder characterized...
Is a inflammatory lung disease characterized by constriction...
       is a chronic obstructive...
chronic bronchitis
What do astmha, emhysma, and chronic bronchitis do to the vital capacity values of the lungs?
They are lower than normal values
impaired air flow into and out of lungs due to  ...
obstructive pulmonary disease
reduction in the volume of air that the lungs can   
restrictive pulmonary disease
16   How is the FEV1/FVC ratio used to differentiate between obstructive...
The FEV1 / FVC ratio will be lower than normal values...
How does the position of the right kidney compare with the position of the left kidney in humans?    ...
The position of the right kidney is at a lower level...
smooth membrane, tightly adherent to the kidney surface 
renal capsule
area of cortical tissue lying between medullary pyramids
renal column
portion of the kidney that containing mostly collecting ducts
a cup shaped extension of the renal pelvis that encircles the apex of a pyramid
minor calyx
superficial region of kidney tissue
basin like area of the kidney that contains the ureter 
renal pelvis
  1. Urine may contain normal and abnormal constituents....
After blood leaves the segmental artery it enters..
Interlobar artery--> Arcuate artery--> Cortical radiate artery
from the cortical radiate artery where does blood go
Afferent arteriole-->Glomerulus-->   Efferent arteriole--> Peritubular...

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