Political Science #1 "We The People" By T. Patterso

"We The People" By Patterson Vocab Words Chapter 1
  
Created Oct 18, 2010
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edgielyn
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political culture
a term that refers to the characteristic and deep-seated beliefs of a particular people about...
Liberty
is the principle that individuals should be free to act and think as they choose, provided...
Individualism
is a commitment to personal initiative and self-sufficiency; it rests on the belief that people...
equality
the notion that all individuals are equal in their moral worth anf therby entitled to equal...
self government
the principle that the  people are the ultimate source of govering authority and...
politics
is the process through which a society settles its conflicts and decides the politics by which...
Political conflicts has two primary sources
1. Scarcity even the riches societies dont have enough to money to provide for everyone desires...
social contract
in which ordinary people surrender the freedom they would have in state of nature in the return...
democracy
is a form of government in which people govern, either directly or through elected representatives....
Oligarchy
in which controls the rests of the small group, such as top-ranking military officers or few...
autocracy
in which control rests with a single individual, such as king or dictator
Constitutionalism
holds that there are limits on the rightful pwer of gobernment over citizens
Authoritarian govts
openly repress their politicalopponants as a means of staying in power, although theydo so...
totalitarian govts
meaning they assert complete dominance over individuals and the institutions of society.
Capitalism
holds government should interfere with the economy as little as possible
socialism
assigns government a large role in the means of production, in economic decision making, and...
communism
characterized the former Soviet Union and is practiced today in North Korea and a few other...
public policy
a decison by the govt to pursue a particular course  of action
power
refers to the ablity of persons, interests, or institutions to control public policy
authority
govt officials excercise power this way defined as the right to make binding decisions
Majoritarianism
is the notion that the majority should prevail not only in the counting of votes but also in...
majoritarianism
holds numerical majorities determine issues of policy
pluralism
holds the policies are effectively decided through power wielded by special interests that...
elitism
holds that policy is controlled by a small number of well-positioned, highly influential individuals
Bureaucratic rule
Holds that policy is controlled by well-placed adminisrators within the govt bureaucracy
Political system
Parts are separate but connects with each other affecting how they performs.
Constitutional Framework
Includes provisions for  limited govt (e.g., checks and balances), represents govt, civil...
Inputs
include public opinion, voting and other forms of participation, political parties, campaigns,...
Political Institutions
Major institutions of govt: Congress, the presidency, the judicary, and the bureaucracy
Outputs
include laws, programs, and other actions in areas such as economic policy, foreign policy,...


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