Political Parties, Campaigns, and Elections

93 cards


 
  
Created Nov 19, 2011
by
bridgetelizj

 

 
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1
The key term in the definition of a political party is:
 
label, to give a candidate party identification
2
What is true about political parties in the United States?
 
Parties today are relatively weak, but they are not weak in all areas of the country
3
Party identification among voters is on way of gauging the strength of a party. Another cited...
 
strength of the organization that recruits and campaigns for candidates
4
The federal system goes a long way toward explaining why U.S. parties are __________ than their...
 
more decentralized
5
One reason why political parties in the United States today are weaker than in Europe is that,...
 
party leaders do not  typically select people to run for office
6
In most states, candidates for office are chosen by:
 
primary elections
7
In Europe, almost the only way a person can become a candidate is by
 
being nominated by party leaders
8
What role do political parties play in the lives of most Americans?
 
most Americans separate political parties from other aspects of their lives
9
George Washington's view of parties may have been influenced by 
 
the constant quarreling between Hamilton and Jefferson in his cabinet
10
Why should George Washington, among other Founders of our nation, have been so opposed to political...
 
because disputes over policies and elections where not easily separated from disputes over...
11
The founders saw political parties as
 
factions motivated by ambition and self-interest
12
The first organized political party in American history was
 
made up of the followers of Jefferson
13
Some were so distraught by the election of Thomas Jefferson that they
 
organized to have New England secede from the Union
14
During the founding period of U.S. history, political parties could best be described as 
 
small coalitions based more on geography and class than on common economic interests
15
According to the text, when did political parties in the United States develop a comprehensive...
 
From the time of President Jackson to the Civil War
16
The first Republican party, with its base of support in the South, was organized in the 1790s...
 
Thomas Jefferson
17
The Federalist party could not compete effectively in national elections because
 
it had such a limited sectional and class base
18
National party conventions were developed as a reform of 
 
party caucuses
19
In the Jacksonian era, for the first time a party system was built
 
from the bottom up
20
Prior to 1824, presidential candidates were nominated by
 
caucuses comprising of members of Congress
21
Party conventions emerged during the Jacksonian era as a means of 
 
giving some measure of local control to the presidential nominating process
22
The first Convention in American history was that of the _________ party 
 
Anti-Masonic
23
What is correct about the modern Republican party?
 
It emerged as a major party only after the Civil War
24
One effect of the geographic split in parties that occurred as a consequence of the Civil War...
 
emergence of strong party factions such as the mugwumps
25
The ____________, a faction of the Republican party, were opposed to the patronage system and...
 
progressives
26
The progressives favored all of the following except
 
better relations with business
27
The progressive movement reduced the level of political corruption but ultimately failed to
 
solve the problem of how to select candidates
28
Procedures such as the initiative and the referendum arose as efforts to give
 
citizens a direct say in making laws
29
Scholars have identified ______ critical or realigning periods in American politics
 
5
30
The three clearest cases of critical or realigning elections seem to be
 
C:  1865, 1896, and 1932
31
Which of the following were major issues in the three clearest cases of critical or realigning...
 
slavery and economics
32
The national convention meets every ____ year to nominate a presidential candidate
 
four
33
Between the national conventions party affairs are managed by a ______ made up of delegates...
 
national committee
34
In Congress each party has a ___________ that helps members of Congress who are running for...
 
congressional campaign committee
35
This person manages the day-to-day work of the party
 
national chairman
36
Beginning in the 1960s, the _____ became more bureaucratized, while the ________ became more...
 
Republican party, Democratic party
37
Who selects the time and place of the national convention and issues a call for the...
 
A party's national committee
38
The number of convention delegates from each state, along with the rules under which they are...
 
the party's national committee
39
Which of the following statements about the formula by which delegates to the nominating conventions...
 
The Democrats and Republicans use different formulas
40
The formula for the selection of delegates to the Republican national convention generally...
 
loyalty
41
Throughout the 1970s, the general thrust of the Democratic rules commissions considering delegate...
 
weaken the influence of party leaders and enlarge the role of the rank and file
42
The Republicans changed the goal of their national party to the election of candidates while...
 
achieve a fairer distribution of power
43
Democratic rule changes were drafted in 1972 by a commission headed by 
 
George McGovern
44
The Hunt commission's changes in the Democratic party rules were designed to
 
increase the influence of party leaders
45
The term "superdelegate" refers to 
 
elected officials and party leaders who are not required to pledge themselves in advance to...
46
All of the following statements concerning the delegates to the 2004 conventions are correct...
 
More of the Democrats were male
47
Over 40 percent of the delegates to the conventions of both parties 
 
were born again Christians
48
The winner-reward systems of delegate distribution were banned in the campaign of 
 
1992
49
The 1992 Democratic National Committee penalized states that violated the rules with what percentage...
 
25 percent
50
The three areas of rule-changes approved by the 1992 Democratic National Committee were 
 
rules violation penalty, winner-reward systems, proportional representation
51
according to the text, the role of national conventions has been transformed by party rules...
 
place where delegates ratify decisions made by voters
52
Within both major parties, it is the _______ level that has most obviously declined
 
grassroots
53
Party machines
 
are characterized by a high degree of leadership control over member activity
54
The classical machine-type party was developed and perfected 
 
in the nineteenth century before the large-scale Irish and Italian immigrations
55
Old-style political machines counted heavily on the support of
 
civil servants
56
Unlike political machines, ideological parties tend to be 
 
factionalized
57
The ideological groups, or reform clubs, of the 1950s and 1960s gave rise to ideological parties...
 
single-issue activists
58
According to Barbara Mikulski, the training grounds for national political activists today...
 
social movements
59
People can join a party for reasons other than patronage. The text cites all of the following...
 
to join a delegating committee (caucus groups)
60
Party organizations based on their members' enjoyment of the sociability of politics are referred...
 
solidary parties
61
The political involvement of the United Auto Workers (UAW) in Detroit provides an...
 
sponsored party
62
An example of an organization that sponsors a local party is 
 
the United Auto Workers (UAW) in Detroit
63
Today, a person wanting to win an election will most often seek the support of 
 
a personal following 
64
Which of the following statements about the traditional party organization in the United States...
 
it exists, but only in a few states
65
Which of the following statements about the two-party system is correct?
 
The United States is one of the few countries with such a system
66
To win in a plurality system such as that in the United States, a candidate must 
 
gather more votes than anyone else
67
The plurality electoral system in the United States means that
 
every party must be a broad-based coalition
68
Why should elections based on a plurality system discourage new parties from forming?
 
Because under this winner-take-all system no incentive is given for finishing second (or lower)
69
The most dramatic example of the winner-take-all principle in the US electoral system is 
 
electoral college
70
The two-party system has worked in the US, but not in Europe, because
 
Americans agree on enough issues to form broad coalitions
71
The most recent independent candidate for president who was able to get on the ballot in every...
 
Ross Perot
72
Which of the following statements about minor parties in the United States is correct?
 
They were once discouraged by the election laws of many states
73
The platform of the Free Love party (a fictitious party) is, as you might guess,...
 
one-issue party 
74
The Libertarian and Socialist parties in the United States are examples of 
 
ideological parties
75
George Wallace's American Independent party was an example of a(n)
 
factional party 
76
The Populist party is an example of a(n)
 
economic protest party 
77
An example of an economic protest party is the 
 
Populist party 
78
Which of the following kinds of minor parties tends to endure the longest?
 
ideological
79
The kind of minor party that has probably had the greatest influence on public policy is the 
 
factional party 
80
Many strong social movements in the United states (e.g. the antiwar movement of the late 1960s)...
 
dissident elements were able to influence elections through party primaries and national conventions
81
Even though minor parties have had little success in national elections, they have played an...
 
influencing the public policy positions of the two major parties
82
In the days when party conventions were heavily influenced by party leaders and elected officials,...
 
the policy preferences of dissident factions
83
At party conventions in recent years, the ________ has (have) become increasingly important
 
policy interests of the party 
84
National convention delegates, compared to their respective party members, tend to be 
 
more liberal if they are Democrats, more conservative if they are Republicans 
85
A meeting of party followers at which convention delegates are picked is known as a 
 
caucus
86
The makeup of state party caucuses can best be characterized as 
 
highly partisan
87
Compared to primary voters, members of causcuses are more likely to
 
support the most ideological candidate
88
An example of how the partisan makeup of state party caucuses can result in the choice of the...
 
Jesse Jackson in the 1988 Democratic party caucuses
89
The typical convention delegate- Democratic or Republican- can best be characterizes as a(n)
 
issue-oriented amateur
90
The disadvantage of the new primary system that has developed in the US is that it 
 
increases the chances that the party will nominate a candidate who is unappealing to the average...
91
Why should the Democrats have been so unsuccessful in winning the presidency before 1992 at...
 
Because their presidential candidates tended to be out of step with voters on issues of taxation...
92
Since 1972, ideological differences between convention delegates and rank-and-file party voters...
 
Democrats
93
How can the difference between the two major parties in the US best be characterized?
 
There are large policy differences among activists and much smaller ones among the rank and...


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