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Poetry Terms


A Set Of Exam Ples And
  
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FrontBack
Two ryhming lines, often comes at end
 
Couplet
Shows where stress is placed on words
 
Accents
Section of a peom grouping a series of lines together, usually with a recurring patter of rhyme/meter
 
Stanza
Running over of a sentence from one line to another so that closely related words fall in different lines
 
Enjambment
Poetry written in either rhyme or unrhymed lines that have no set fixed metrical pattern
 
Free Verse
An example is "How do I love thee? Let me count the ways"
 
Caesura
Shorter, final stanza of a poem
 
Envoy
Stressed, unstressed
 
Trochee
The repeition of similar vowel sounds
 
Assonance
Instructive or teaching poem
 
Didactic
In a poem, lines that end with a period, common, colon, semicolon, or question mark
 
End-stopped
Unstressed, stressed
 
Iambic
Unstressed, unstressed, stressed; Poe writes the majority of poems in this scheme
 
Anapest
Stressed, Stressed
 
Spondee
Units of measurement used in poetry
 
Foot
A poem that consists of 14 lines, usually has conventional rhyme scheme
 
Sonnet
A sad poem about the death of someone
 
Elegy
Beowulf would be an example of this
 
Epic
Poem (or stanza) consisting of four lines. Lines 2 and 4 rhyme and have a similar number of syllables.
 
Quatrain
A poem that depicts rural life in a peaceful, romanticized way.
 
Pastoral
Inscription on a tomb written to praise the deceased
 
Epitaph
Poetry with five lines, similar to a haiku. Line 1 has one word (the title). Line 2 has two words that describe the title. Line 3 has three words that tell the action. Line 4 has four words that express the feeling, and line 5 has one word which recalls the title.
 
Cinquain.
Poetry that holds the principles and ideas of beauty that are characteristics of Gree and Roman lit.
 
Classicism
Lengthy lyric poem typicall of a serious tone and has elevated style and formal stanza structure.
 
Ode
Has a rhyme scheme of abab cdcd efef gg
 
Skakespearean

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