Photosynthesis/ Cellular Respiratio

28 cards

This Flashcard Set Contains Vocabulary Involved In The Processes Of Photosynthesis And Cellular Respiration. It Is Geared Toward Those Studying The Principles Of Biology.


 
  
Created Oct 11, 2011
by
coraejackson

 

 
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1
autotroph
 
organism that makes its own food using carbon from inorganic molecules such as CO2, and energy...
2
chlorophyll a
 
main photosynthetic pigment in plants
3
heterotroph
 
organism that obtains energy and carbon from organic compounds assembled by other organisms
4
photosynthesis
 
metabolic pathway by which most autotrophs capture light energy and use it to make sugars from...
5
pigment
 
an organic molecule that can absorb light of certain wavelengths
6
wavelength
 
distance between the crests of two successive waves of light
7
chloroplast
 
organelle of photosynthesis in plants and some protists
8
photosystem
 
cluster of pigments and proteins that converts light energy to chemical energy in photosynthesis
9
stroma
 
semifluid matrix between the thylakoid membrane and the two outer membranes of a chloroplast
10
thylakoid membrane
 
a chloroplast's highly folded inner membrane system; forms a continuous compartment in the...
11
electron transfer phosphorylation
 
metabolic pathway in which electron flow through electron transfer chains sets up a hydrogen...
12
light-dependent reactions
 
metabolic pathway of photosynthesis that converts light energy to chemical energy of ATP and...
13
light-independent reactions
 
metabolic pathway of photosynthesis that uses ATP and NADPH to assemble sugars from water and...
14
Calvin-Benson cycle
 
light-independent reactions of photosynthesis; cyclic pathway that forms glucose from CO2
15
carbon fixation
 
process by which carbon from an inorganic source such as carbon dioxide becomes incorporated...
16
photorespiration
 
reaction in which rubisco attaches oxygen instead of carbon dioxide to ribulose bisphosphate
17
rubisco
 
ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase. carbon-fixing enzyme of the Calvin-Benson cycle
18
stomata
 
gaps that open between guard cells on plant surfaces
19
aerobic
 
involving or occurring in the presence of oxygen
20
aerobic respiration
 
aerobic pathway that breaks down carbohydrates to produce ATP
21
anaerobic
 
occurring in the absence of oxygen
22
glycolysis
 
set of reactions in which glucose or another sugar is broken down to two pyruvate for a net...
23
photoautotroph
 
photosynthetic autotroph
24
pyruvate
 
three-carbon end product of glycolysis
25
Krebs cycle
 
cyclic pathway that, along with acetyl-CoA formation, breaks down two pyruvate to carbon dioxide...
26
alcoholic fermentation
 
anaerobic carbohydrate breakdown pathway that produces ATP and ethanol
27
fermentation
 
an anaerobic pathway by which cells harvest energy from carbohydrates
28
lactate fermentation
 
anaerobic carbohydrate breakdown pathway that produces ATP and lactate


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