Phonics - Chapter 3


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Side ASide B
}Based on the subskill theory of teaching reading. }Students must master a certain set of skills before they can read }It’s like learning all the notes before...
What is the content of Phonics
}Vowels: }A,E,I,O,U and sometimes Y }Let’s practice the long and short sounds. }When is Y a vowel? ◦Rule: Every syllable has a vowel –EX: Myth (middle position) –EX:...
}All other letters other than vowels
Consonat Blends/Clusters
}Two or more adjacent consonant letters whose sounds are blended together, with each sound retaining its identity. } }Ex: fr in frame cl in click – You...
Consonant Digraphs
}Two adjacent consonant letters that represent a single speech sound constitute a digraph. Di = two Graph= Letter } }EX: sh, ch, --You hear only one...
Vowel Digraphs
}Two adjacent vowel letters that represent a single speech sound constitute a vowel }When two vowels go a walking the first one does the talking – most of the time. . ....
Diphthongs: (Greek for “having two sounds)
}Vowel sounds that are so closely blended that they can be treated as a single vowel unit for the purposes of identification. ◦EX: oi as in oil ◦ ...
Prerequisites for phonics instruction
}Visual Discrimination } }Audio Discrimination } }Phonemic Awareness
}C & G } }Hard sound when followed by a,o,u – Cat—draw picture }Soft sound when followed e,i,y Ex: Center City had a cyclone.
}When two like consonants are next to each other, only one is sounded: EX: hall }Ch usually has the sound heard in church, although it sometimes sounds like sh or k (chef,...
}The sound of a vowel preceding r is usually neither long nor short. R controlled vowel Ex: car, fir, her }In the vowel combinations oa,ee,ai, an ay the first vowel...
}If a word has only one vowel that vowel is at the end of the word, the vowel usually represents its long sound. EX: me, go }If a word has only one vowel and that vowel is...
Open syllables
}Hi– long }Go--long
Closed Syllables – the vowel is “closed up by a consonant”
}Usually has a short sound }Ho----t }Hot }No----t }not
Syllable division
}Mark the vowels underline the first two vowels and mark a V underneath them. }Draw a bridge to connect the vowels }Label /c/ under all the consonants that fall between...
Syllable Types
}Closed: A short vowel sound –Example hit }Open: A long vowel sound – Example hi }Magic E-cake }Vowel teams/digraphs – vowel is long: see/boat }Bossy R/ R controlled vowel...
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