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Phlebotomy


Flash Cards Designe To Explain Tests Ordered And What Department The Test Are To Be Taken.
  
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CBC-Differential (Diff)
 
Determines the percentage of the different typesof white blood cells and evaluates red blood cell and platelet morphology. (may be examined microscopically on a peripheral blood smear stained with Wight's stain) purple top tube(EDTA) hemotology
CBC-Hematocrit (Hct)
 
Determines the volume of red blood cells packed by centrifuge(expressed percent)purple top-(EDTA) hemotology (tests anemia)
CBC-Hemoglobin (Hgb)
 
Determines the oxygen carrying capacity of red blood cells-purple top-hemotology (tests anemia)
CBC-Indices
 
Calculations to determine the size of red blood cells and the amount of hemoglobin-purple top-hemotology
CBC-Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH)
 
Determines the amount of hemoglobin in red blood cells-purple top-hemotology
CBC-Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC)
 
Detemines the weight of hemoglobin in red blood cells and compares it with the size of the cell (expressed in a percent)-purple top-hemotology
CBC-Mean corpuscular volume (MCV)
 
Determines the size of red blood cells-purple top-hemotology
CBC-Platelet (PLT) count
 
Determines the number of platelets in circulating blood-purple top-hemotology/bleeding disorders
CBC-Red blood cell (RBC) count
 
Determines the number of red blood cells in circulating blood-purple top-hemotology
CBC-Red cell distribution width (RDW)
 
Calculation to determine the differences in the size of red blood cells(expressed in percen)-purple top-hemotology
CBC-White blood cell (WBC) count
 
Determines the number of white blood cells in circulating blood-purple top-hemotology/infection or leukemia
Body fluid analysis
 
Determines the number and type of cells in various body fluids-purple top-hemotology
Bone marrow
 
Determines the number and type of cells in bone marrow-purple top-hemotology
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)
 
Determines the rate of red blood cell sedimentation (non-specific test for inflammatory disorders)-purple top-hemotology
Reticulocyte (Retic) count
 
Evaluates bone marrow production of red blood cells-purple top-hemotology/bone marrow funtion
Sickle cell
 
Screening test for sickle cell anemia (Hgb S)-purple top-hemotology
Special stains
 
Determine the type of leukemia or other cellular disorders-purple top-hemotology
Actiivated partial thromboplastin time (APTT)
 
non-heparinized samples are stable up to 4 hours; heparinized samples must be centrifuged within 1 hour and are stable up to 4 hours-Evaluates the intrinsic system of the coagulation cascade and monitors heparin therapy-light blue-full sample-Coagulation department
Antithromin III
 
Screening test for increased clotting tendencies-light blue-coagulation department-coagulation disorders
Anti-Xa heparin assay
 
Monitors unfractured heparin therapy-light blue-coagulation department
Protein C and S
 
Evaluates venous thrombosis-light blue-coagulation department
Bleeding Time (BT)
 
Evaluates the function of platelets-light blue-coagulation department
D-dimer (DDI)
 
Measures abnormal blood clotting and fibrinolysis-light blue-coagulation department-tube must be full (stable for 4 hours)- DIC and thrombotic disorders
Factor essays
 
Detect factor deficiencies that prolong coagulation-light blue-coagulation department
Fibrin degredation products (FDP)
 
Test for increased fibrinolysis (usually a STAT test drawn in a special tube)-SPECIAL LIGHT BLUE TUBE-tube will only fill to 2ml and should clot immediately-Disseminated intravascular coagulation-coagulation department
Fibrogen
 
Determines the amount of fibrogen in plasma-light blue-coagulation department
Platelet aggregation
 
Evaluates the function of platelets-light blue-coagulation department
Prothrombin time (PT) and international normalized ratio (INR)
 
Evaluates the extrinsic system of the coagulation cascade and monitors Coumadin therapy-light blue-coagulation department-full tube-stable at RT up to 24 hours-coumadin therapy and coagulation disorders
Thrombin time (TT)
 
Determines if adequate fibrinogen is present for normal coagulation-light blue-coagulation department
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT)
 
Elevated levels indicate liver disorders-gold or green if STAT-Chemistry-liver disorders-plasma or serum barrier tube
Albumin
 
Decreased levels indicate liver or kidney disorders or malnutrition-gold or green for STAT-chemistry-serum barrier tube
Alcohol
 
Elevated levels indicate intoxication-gold or green for STAT-chemistry
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP)
 
Elevated levels indicate bone or liver disorders-gold or green for STAT-chemistry
Ammonia********
 
Elevated levels indicate sever liver disorders-gold or Green for STAT-chemistry-*******
Amylase
 
Elevated levels indicate pancreatitis-gold or green for STAT-chemistry--serum or plasma barrier tube
Arterial Blood Gas (ABG)
 
Determines the acidity or alkaline and oxygen and carbon dioxide levels of blood-gold or green for STAT-chemistry
Asparatate aminotransferase (AST)
 
elevated levels indicate myocardial infarction or liver disease-gold or green for STAT-chemistryplasma or serum gel barrier tube-liver disorder or cardiac muscle damage
Bilirubin
 
Elevated levels indicate liver or hemolytic disorders-gold or green for STAT-chemistry-plasma or serum gel barrier tube;AMBER OR GREEN MICROTAINER-protect from light
Blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
 
Elevated levels indicate kidney disorders-gold or green for STAT-chemistry-plasma or serum gel barrier tube
Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP)
 
Elevated levels indicate congestive heart failure-purple top-CHEMISTRY-white seperation preparation tube,serum gel barrier tube-Stable for 4 hours-COngestive heart failure
Calcium (Ca)
 
Mineral associated with bone, musculoskeletal, or endocrine disorders-gold or green for STAT-chemistry-plasma or serum gel barrier tube-bone disorders

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