Phlebotomy; commonly ordered tests and tube colors

43 cards

Commonly orde red test


 
  
Created Dec 13, 2010
by
bweeks

 

 
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1
Is a by-product of hemolysis. The reddish-yellow pigment is removed from the body by the liver...
 
Bilirubin
2
Is used as a screening test in diagnostic coagulation studies. It is ordered in conjunction...
 
PT (Prothrombin Time)
3
Is used primarily  to detect disorders of blood lipids and to evaluate the risk potential...
 
Cholesterol
4
Is an enzyme that is released into the circulation following the injury or death of cells in...
 
AST (Asparate Aminotransferase)
5
Test used to diagnose anemia. It is also helpful in conditions marked by a high turnover of...
 
Vitamin B12
6
Is an electrolyte that offsets kidney activity for the discharge of toxins. It is essential...
 
Electrolytes - Sodium
7
Is a non-protein nitrogen compound that helps maintain acid-base balance. This test is ordered...
 
Ammonia
8
Measures the interaction of platelets with the blood vessel wall and the formation of a clot....
 
Bleeding Time (Duke and Ivy Methods)
9
Is an enzyme that is widely distributed in tissue. A significant concentration of this enzyme...
 
ACP (Acid Phosphatase)
10
Test conducted to check adrenal hormone function.   Tube Color: Red Top
 
Cortisol
11
Is an enzyme originating mainly in the bone, liver, and placenta. It is used as a tumor marker...
 
ALP (Alkanine Phosphatase)
12
Test used to determine the blood type of all blood donors and all potential blood recipients.   Tube...
 
ABO (Blood Typing)  
13
Is the rate at which RBC's settle out of unclotted blood in 1 hour. This test is often used...
 
ESR (Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate)
14
Is used for basic screening in all patients. This test gives information about the patients...
 
CBC (Complete Blood Count)
15
Is a testing done in conjunction with the ABO test.   Tube Color: Red Top
 
RH Typing
16
Used to detect Septicemia   Tube Color: Yellow top
 
Blood Culture
17
A common heart medication; test is necessary to perform therapeutic drug monitoring to manage...
 
Digoxin
18
A test used to diagnose impaired renal function.   Tube Color: Red top
 
Creatinine
19
Test used to detect the presence of the anitbody to the human immunodeficiency virus. It is...
 
HIV Antibody
20
Test used as a diagnostic tool for monitering diabetes therapy. The test is ordered every 6-8 ...
 
Hemoglobin A1C
21
Test is used to confirm myocardial or pulmonary infarction. It is also used as a tumor marker...
 
LD (Lactic Acid Dehydrogenase)
22
Test measures the concentration of total amounts of this in the blood. It is used to evaluate...
 
Calcium
23
Test done to detect the presence of alcohol, to indicate overdose, or alcohol impaired driving.   Tube...
 
ALT (Alanine Aminotransferase)
24
This content measures cellular toxic waste. It is vital to the acid base balance and lung,...
 
Electrolyte- Carbon Dioxide
25
This is involved in adrenal, kidney, bladder, and bowel function. Elevated levels are seen...
 
Electrolyte- Chloride
26
This test is used to diagnose autoimmune diseases such as lupus, scleroderma, and rhematoid...
 
ANA (Antinuclear Antibody)
27
Is an enzyme found in the heart and skeletal muscles. The tesr is used to detect injury to...
 
CK (Creatine Kinase)
28
A glycolytic enzyme that catalyzes the breakdown of glucose. It is used in diagnostic situations...
 
Aldolase
29
This test is used to assess fluid and electrolyte balance. It increases with dehydration and...
 
Osmolality
30
A mineral essential for the formation of RBC's and hemoglobin. It is also necessary for the...
 
Iron
31
Test used to detect any disorder of glucose metabolism and as an aid in diabetes management.   Tube...
 
Glucose (Random and Fasting)
32
A genetic disorder/disease that can lead to mental retardation and brain damage if untreated....
 
PKU (Phenylketouria)
33
A mineral essential to heart and kidney function. It maintains heart rate, general muscle strength,...
 
Electrolyte- Potassium
34
Levels of this are used to detect pregnancy in women or trophoblastic tumors in men.   Tube...
 
HCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin)
35
Test used to evaluate the intrinsic pathway. It is also used to moniter heparin therapy.   Tube...
 
APTT (Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time)
36
This test is used as an index to metabolic activity and for renal function. A reduced level...
 
Magnesium
37
An enzyme that is produced by the pancreas, salivary glands, liver, and fallopian tubes. It...
 
Amylase
38
This test is used to evaluate clients with possible artherosclerosis. It is used as an indication...
 
Triglycerides
39
This test is used to diagnose pancreatitis.   Tube color: Red top
 
Lipase
40
This substance is formed in the liver. It is carried to the kidneys by the blood to be excreted...
 
BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen)
41
Measurement of this substance is often used in the evaluation of renal failure, gout, and leukemia.   Tube...
 
Uric Acid
42
Is the primary storage form iron takes in the body.   Tube color: Red top
 
Ferritin
43
This reflects serum anioncation balance and helps distinguish types of metabolic acidosis.   Tube...
 
Electrolyte- Anion Gap

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