Phlebotomy 5 - Laboratory, Order of Draw, "Test tubes, additives and tests"

33 cards

for the test on Friday


 
  
Created Jun 24, 2009
by
tsablay

 

 
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1
Hemostatis 
 
The process by which blood vessels are repaired after an injury. It starts from vascular contraction...
2
Four stages of Hemostatis
 
1. Vascular phase2. Platelet phase3. Coagulation phase4. Fibrinolysis
3
Stage one of hemostatis
 
Injury to a blood vessel causes it to constrict, slowing the flow of blood
4
Stage two of hemostatis
 
Injury to the endothelial lining causes platelets to adhere to it.Additional platelets stick...
5
Stage three - coagulation phase
 
Involves a cascade of interactions of coagulation factors that converts the temporary platelet...
6
Stage four - Fibrinolysis
 
This is the breakdown and removal of the clot. As tissue repair starts, plasmin (an enzyme)...
7
SPECIAL SPECIMEN HANDLING
 
SPECIAL SPECIMEN HANDLING
8
Warmed Specimen
 
Some tests require that the specimen collected be kept warm until the serum is separated from...
9
Chilled Specimens
 
Some test require that the specimen collected be chilled immediately after collection in an...
10
Light-sensitive specimens
 
wrap in aluminum foild immediately after they are drawn.
Exposure to light coudl alter the...
11
Cold Agglutinins
 
C.A. are antibodies produced in response to Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection (atypical pneumonia)....
12
Chilled specimens
 
Some tests require that the specimen collected be chilled immediately after collection in crushed...
13
Specimens that require Chilling
 
- ammonia- Arterial Blood Gases (also determine PH)- Gastrin - Glucagon- Lactic Acid- Parathyroid...
14
Specimens that require protection from Light
 
- Bilirubin-Carotene-Red Cell Folate- Serum Folate- Urine Porphyrins- Vitamin B12
15
Specimens requiring 37 degree Celsius Collection and transportation
 
- Cold agglutinin- Cryofibrinogen- Cryoglobulin (Cryoprotein)
16
ORDER OF DRAW
 
ORDER OF DRAW
17
Order of draw recommended by National Healthcareer Association
 
1. blood culture or vials2. sodium citrate tubes (e.g. blue tops)3. Serum tubes with or without...
18
what should you do if a light blue is the only tube to be drawn
 
draw a red top tube first to eliminate potential contamination from the skin or needle.
This...
19
Color Tube for EDTA
 
Lavender top
20
Color tube for heparin
 
Green top
21
color for Serum tube with or without clot activator or gel
 
red top
22
Color for sodium citrate tube
 
blue top
23
Color for oxalate/fluoride tube
 
Gray top
24
Lavender top tube 
additives
 
ADDITIVES- contains EDTA, which inhibits coagulation by binding to calcium present in the specimen.-...
25
Light-blue top tube
 
ADDITIVE- Contains the anticoagulant Sodium Citrate, which also prevents coagulation by binding...
26
Green top tube
 
ADDITIVE- sodium heparin- lithium heparin- ammonium heparin

GENERAL- for plasma determinations...
27
Gray top tube
 
ADDITIVE- Potassium oxalate (prevents clotting by binding calcium)- Sodium fluoride (preserves...
28
Red/gray (speckled) top tube
 
ADDITIVE- Clot activator (glass particles, silica and celite which hastens clot formation -...
29
Red top
 
ADDITIVE- none - additive or anticoagulant
GENERAL- plain vaccum tube- no inversions- collected...
30
Pink top
 
ADDITIVES- contains potassium EDTA
GENERAL- used by Blood Banks for molecular and testing...
31
Royal Blue
 
ADDITIVES- Sodium heparin (8 inversions)- Na2 EDTA (8 inversions)- NONE
COMMON TESTS- for...
32
Brown test tube
 
ADDITIVE- Sodium heparin (8 inversions)
COMMON TESTS- For lead determinations.- certified...
33
Yellow tube
 
ADDITIVE- Sodium polyanetholesulfonate (8 inversions)
GENERAL - For blood culture specimen...

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