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Weiten Chapter 11

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extraversion, neuroticism, openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness
the five-factor model of personality traits
contains material just beneath the surface of awareness that cane asily be retrieved
contains thoughts, memories, and desires that are well below the surface of conscious awareness but that nonetheless exert great influence on behavior
creating false but plausible excuses to justify unacceptable behavior
keeping distressing thoughts and feelings buried in the unconscious
attributing one's own thoughts, feelings, or motives to another
diverting emotional feelings (usually anger) from their original source to a substitute target
reaction formation
behaving in a way that's exactly the opposite of one's true feelings
a reversion to immature patterns of behavior
bolstering self-esteem by forming an imaginary or real alliance with some person or group
collective unconscious
a storehouse of latent memory traces inherited from people's ancestral past
striving for superiority
a universal deive to adapt, improve oneself, and master life's challenges
involves efforts to overcome imagined or real inferiorities by developing one's abilities
emotionally charged images and thought forms that have universal meaning
refers to one's belief about one's ability to perform behaviors that should lead to expected outcomes
the degree of disparity between one's self-concept and one's actual experience
a collection of beliefs about one's own nature, unique qualities, and typical behavior
need for self-actualization
the need to fulfill one's potential
self-report inventories
personality tests that ask individuals to answer a series of questions about their characteristic behavior
projective tests
ask participants to respond to vague, ambiguous stimuli in ways that may reveal the subjects' needs, feelings, and personality traits
hindsight bias
the tendency to mold one's interpretation of the past to fit how events actually turned out
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