Pathophysiology -- Chapter 5

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These Terms Are From By Pathophysiology Book, Pathophysiology For The Health Professions By Barbara E. Gould.

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Anemia:



 
a decrease in circulating hemoglobin and oxygen-carrying capacity in the blood because of decreased erythrocyte production, hemolysis, or loss of blood.
Anigiogenesis:
 
the development of new capillaries.
Antineoplastic:
 
destroying, inhibiting, or preventing the growth or spread of neoplasms.

Apoptosis:
 
normal programmed cell death in tissues.
Atypical:
 
unusual, not characteristic.
Biopsy:

 
the removal of a small piece of living tissue from microscopic examination to determine a diagnosis.
Cytologic:
 
the study of cells.
Differentiation:
 
increased specialization of cells for certain functions.
Infiltrate:
 
to filter into or through; permeate, to penetrate tissue spaces or cells.
Leukopenia:
 
a decreased number of leukocytes in the blood.
Metastasis:

 
spread of cancer cells to distant malignant tumor.
Micrometastases:
 
spread of malignant cells not yet detectable.
Mitosis:
 
a process of cell reproduction resulting in two daughter cells with the same DNA as the parent cell.
Mutation:
 
a change in the genetic makeup (DNA) of a cell, which will be inherited.
Nadir:
 
point of lowest cell count (neutropenia or leukopenia).
Oncology:
 
the study of cancer.
Palliative:
 
providing comfort and relieving pain and other symptoms of a disease without effecting a cure.
Pneumonia:
 
inflammation of the lungs with congestion.
Prognosis:
 
the probable outcome of a disease.
Prophylactic:
 
a measure or drug to prevent disease.
Radioisotopes:
 
a radioactive form of an element giving off radiation (beta or gamma) in the body, used in diagnosis and therapy.
Recurrence:
 
return to a previous condition, habit, subject, etc.
Seeding:
 
refers to the spread of cancer cells in body fluids or along membranes, usually in body cavities.
Thrombocytopenia:
 
abnormally low number of thrombocytes or platelets.
TPN: (Total Parenteral Nutrition)
 
administration of a nutritionally complete fluid (protein, glucose, vitamins, etc.) into the superior vena cava.