P101 Test 2

40 cards

P101 test 2


 
  
Created Oct 11, 2011
by
lrolson7

 

 
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  Side A   Side B
1
The police officer sometimes shines a light into the driver's eye. This typically results in...
 
Iris
2
_____ is the process by which we detect physical energy in the environment and encoding that...
 
Sensation
3
The opponent-process theory is MOST useful for explaining the characteristics of:
 
afterimages
4
Cones or rods are: more light-sensitive and less color-sensitive than cones.
 
Rods
5
The size of the difference threshold is greater for heavier objects than for lighter ones....
 
Weber's Law
6
When attending an extremely loud concert, your absolute threshold for sound is likely to:
 
increase
7
The detection and encoding of stimulus energies by the nervous system is called:
 
stimilus
8
this can briefly influence attitudes, thoughts, preferences and emotions
 
subliminal stimuli
9
in dim lighting, your _____ are ineffectual
 
cones
10
feature detectors are located in the:
 
visual cortex
11
The opponent-process theory is MOST useful for explaining the characteristics of:
 
afterimages
12
brightness is to amplitude as hue is to:
 
wavelength
13
the ____ of a color corresponds to the purity of a light wave
 
saturation
14
The area where the optic nerve leaves the retina is referred to as the:
 
blind spot
15
where is the visual cortex located?
 
back of the brain
16
The adjustable opening in the center of the eye through which light enters is called the:
 
pupil
17
where are feature detectors located?
 
the visual cortex
18
photoreceptors, bipolar cells, ganglion cells is the correct path that leads to what nerve?
 
optic nerve
19
___ occurs below your absolute threshold for conscious awareness.
 
subliminal stimulation
20
The retina's central focal point is the _____, which contains only cones, no rods.
 
fovea
21
As a result of the absence of _____ in the _____ part of the eye, we have a tiny hole, known...
 
photoreceptors; optic disk
22
five main types of taste sensations are:
 
salt, sour, bitter, sweet and savory
23
____ plays a role in the reproductive behavior of many species.
 
pheromones
24
__ fibers is fast pain system__fibers is slow pain system
 
A-delta; C
25
what makes up the inner ear?
 
cochlea, semicircular canals and vestibular sacs
26
Also resembling a snail, the _____ is a fluid-filled tube that contains the basilar membrane...
 
cochlea
27
According to the _____ theory, the spinal cord contains a neurological gate that either blocks...
 
gate control
28
Which structure involved in hearing corresponds MOST closely in function to the photoreceptors...
 
hair cells
29
touch includes the four basic sensations:
 
pressure, pain, warmth and cold
30
In terms of the transduction of physical energy into coded neural messages, the _____ is to...
 
retina; cochlea
31
Umami =
 
meat, cheese and MSG
32
top-down processing =
 
conceptually driven processing
33
This Gestalt psychologist was the first to study the illusion of motion, known as induced motion.
 
Karl Duncker
34
The phenomenon that involves the misperception of the length of two identical lines, one with...
 
Müller-Lyer illusion
35
___ is not a monocular for depth
 
similarity
36
This Gestalt psychologist was the first to study the illusion of motion, known as stroboscopic...
 
Max Wertheimer
37
Monocular depth cues rely on the relationship between_____ and _____
 
distance and size
38
The Gestalt psychologist, _____, was the first to study the illusion of motion, known as induced...
 
Karl Dunker
39
The Gestalt psychologist _____ was the first to study the illusion of motion, known as stroboscopic...
 
Max Wertheimer
40
_____ occurs when one object partially blocks our view of another, we perceive it as closer.
 
interposition


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