Orgo Reactions

28 cards

Reactions From Chapters 1-12


 
  
Created Dec 10, 2008
by
alofthus

 

 
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  Side A   Side B
1
Alkyne to cis-alkene
 
H2, Ni2B
2
Alkyne to trans-alkene
 
1) Li in NH3 2) NH4 Cl
3
Hydrohalogenation (Br to an alkene)
 
H-Br
4
Hydration (OH to an alkene)
 
H30+, H2O
5
Dihalogenation (anti-Br addition)
 
Br2
6
Halohydrin Formation (anti-OH+Br addition)
 
Br2 in H2O
7
Markovinov OH addition (no rearangement)
 
1)Hg(OAc)2, HOR (C or H) 2) NaBH4, OH-
8
Anti Markovnikov OH addition
 
1) BH3, THF 2) H2O2, OH-
9
syn- 2 OH addition
 
1)OsO4 2) NaHSO3
10
Carbon Triangle addition
 
CH2I2, Zn (Cu)
11
Double Bond Cleavage
 
1) O3 2) Zn, HOAc
12
Alkyl Halides from Alcohols
 
PBr3 or SOCl2
13
Cl Triangle
 
CCl2-
14
Halogenation of Alkenes
 
Br2 + heat or light
15
Anti-Markovnikov addition of HBr to Alkenes
 
Peroxide + heat
16
Ethers from alcohols
 
NaH
17
Epoxides from Alkenes
 
mCPBA
18
Anti 1-2 Alcohols from Epoxidation
 
Open epoxide with H2SO4 in H2O
19
Carboxylic Acid or Ester to Primary Alcohol
 
1) Li AlH4, Et2O 2) H2O, H2SO4
20
Ketone or Aldehyde to Primary Alcohol
 
1)NaBH4 2) H2O
21
Primary Alchohol to Aldehyde
 
PCC in CH2Cl2
22
Primary Alcohol to Carboxylic Acid
 
KMnO4 in OH-, H2O
23
Secondary Alcohol to Ketone
 
H2CrO4 in acetone
24
Aldehyde to Secondary alc.
 
Grignard
25
Ketone to Tertiary alc.
 
Grignard
26
Ester to Tertiary alc.
 
Two Grignards
27
Alkynides + Ketones or Aldehydes
 
Secondary or Tertiary alc.
28
Gringard + Epoxide
 
R group attacks less-substituted carbon atom in the ring

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