Orgo Final!

22 cards

orgo rxns


 
  
Created Jun 22, 2010
by
loachman

 

 
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1
Base and Heat(CH3)3CO- +KOn C-C bonded with H and X
 
Base takes proton and kicks off X making double bond
2
Vicinal dibromide with NaI and acetone
 
Removes halogens and creates double bond
3
Dehydration of single alcohol groupConc. H2SO4 or H3PO4 and heat
 
removes proton and kicks off OH group yielding double bond and water
4
regular alkane plus heat and catalyst (Pt)
 
alkene
5
Alkyne with H2, Pd/BaSO4
 
cis alkene
6
Alkyne with Na, NH3
 
trans alkene
7
Ketone with Ph3P=CHR
 
Ketone=CHR    +    Ph3P=O
8
Alkene + H-X   NO ROOR
 
Markovnikov addition of X to make alkane
9
Alkene + H-X WITH ROOR
 
anti-Markovnikov addition of X to make alkane
10
Acid catalyzed hydrationalkene + H20 + ACID (H2SO4)
 
Markovnikov addition of OH group
11
Alkene + 1) Hg(OAc)2, H2O2) NaBH4
 
1) Markov addition of *OH* and HgOAc group2) Replacement of HgOAc with H
12
Alkene +1) Hg(OAc)2, ROH2) NaBH4 
 
1) Markov addition of *RO* and HgOAc2) Replacement of HgOAc with H
13
Alkene +1) BH3 - THF2) H202, -OH
 
1) anti-Markov of *H* and BH22) Replacement of BH2 with OH
14
Alkene + H and Metal (Pt, Pd, Ni)
 
Saturated Alkane
15
Cyclopropanation:Alkene + C-XY 
 
Alkane with cyclopropane
16
Alkane + X2 or NBS
 
Anti-addition of two X's making a transNBS adds trace amounts of Br
17
Alkene + X2 and H2O
 
anti-addition MARKOVNIKOV of OH and X
18
Alkene + peroxyacid
 
Epoixde ring!
19
Alkene + C=OOOH and H3O
 
Trans OH groups
20
Alkene + COLD dilute KMnO4 (or OsO4, H2O2) and OH, H2O
 
Syn addition of OH groups
21
Alkene + 1) O32) (CH3)2 S
 
1) Ozonide forms2) splits to form a ketone and an aldehyde
22
Alkene + WARM KMnO4 
 
splits to form ketone and aldehyde (oxidized with OH group)

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