Organich Chemistry Synthesis


Learning Which Solvents Get Which Products.
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Add a branched group
 
Tag a Br on the end that adds to ring, use AlCl3 as catalyst
Add a halide -Cl
 
FeCl3 Cl-Cl
Add NO2
 
HNO3 H2SO4
Convert NO2 to NH2
 
ZnHg & HCl or H2Pd
Convert NH2 to NO2
 
oxidize CR3COOOH
Reduce something with a double bond to oxygen to a single-bond hydrocarbon
 
ZnHg & HCl or H2Pd
Oxidize a hydrocarbon to contain a double bonded oxygen
 
CrO3 H2SO4 H2O
Oxidize an alkyl
 
KMnO4
Total reduction (including armomaticity)
 
H2Pt at 2000psi or H2Rh
Add SO3
 
SO3 H2SO4
Remove SO3
 
H3O+ H2O
Grignard Reaction
 

Grignard reaction. This reaction adds a halomagnesium reagent (Grignard reagent) to a carbonyl to make an alcohol.
Diels-Alder
 

Diels-Alder reaction. This reaction takes a diene and a dienophile to make ringed and bicyclic products. Makes 2 C-C bonds.
Friedel-Crafts
 

Friedel-Crafts reactions (for aromatic rings). This reaction makes an aromatic-carbon bond.
Wittig
 

The Wittig Reaction. Makes a carbon-carbon double bond starting with a carbonyl compound phosphonium ylide
Cyanide addition
 

Cyanide additions to primary halides.
Acetylide Reactions
 

Acetylide reactions. These reactions involve use of an acetylide (a deprotonated terminal alkyne) as a nucleophile. Typically, the acetylide is used to attack a primary halide (or a carbonyl group to make an alcohol.
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