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OB/GYN SURGICAL PROCEDURES-SADP (PART I)

OB/GYN
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Side ASide B
UTERUS
A. a hollow pear shaped muscular organ that lies in the pelvic cavity between the urinary bladder and rectum. B. functions to maintain a nd prepare a pregnancy.
FUNDUS AND BODY OF THE UTERUS
A.Dome shaped portion above the level of the fallopian tubes. B. the body or corpus lies below the fundus and is separated from the cervix by a slight constriction
ROUND LIGAMENT
attaches uterus laterally to the abdominal wall
OVARIAN LIGAMENT
suspensory ligaments of ovaries to uterus
BRAOD LIGAMENTS
A. membraneous folds of peritoneal tissue that join over the uterus. B. they form a single septum that attaches to the lateral abdominal wall providing support
FALLOPIAN TUBES
A. transmits (eggs) ova from the overies to the cavity of the uterus and are situated in the margins of the broad ligaments B. this is where fertilization occurs
FIMBRIAE
A. finger-lke projections at the distal end of the tube, entice the egg or ovum  from the ovary into the fallopian tube B. the distal end of the fallopian tube opens into the...
OVARIES
glands that produce ova and secrete female hormones
INFUNDIBULOPELVIC LIGAMENTS
a. suspensory ligaments of the ovaries to the lateral pelvic wall b. contains ovarian artery
VAGINA
A. hollow, musculomembranous, tubular structure approximately  3 inches long extending from uterus to external opening
PERINEUM
the region between the vagina and the anus in females, and the scrotum and anus in the male
VAGINAL CUFF
portion of the vagina surrounding the cervix
POSTERIOR CUL-DE-SAC
the peritoneal pouch between the anterior wall of the rectum and the posterior wall of the uterus
VAGINAL CUFF
portion of the vagina surrounding the cervix
CERVIX
lower part of the uterus leading to the vagina, also known as the neck of the uterus
ANTERIOR CUL-DE-SAC
the peritoneal pouch between the anterior wall of the uterus and the posterior wall of the bladder.
ADNEXA
INCLUSIVE TERM REFERRING TO THE ROUND LIGAMENT, FALLOPIAN TUBE, OVARIAN LIGAMENT & BROAD LIGAMENT
FIBROIDS
benign tumors of the uterus
ECTOPIC, TUBUAL PREGNANCY
A. feritilization that occurs outside of the uterus B. generally in the fallopian tubes C. can cause the tube to rupture as the fertilized egg grows
UTERINE PROLAPSE
A. relaxation of the supportive ligaments of the uterus B. causes the uterus to extend further into the vagina C,. the entire uterus may collapse into the vagina in extreme cases...
OVARIAN CYST
SACS OF FLUID FORMED ON OVARY CAUSING PAIN AND PRESSURE
BLADDER FLAP
fold of peritoneum that is incised so that  the bladder can be separated from the uterus so that the lower uterine segment is exposed
MYOMA
tumor in the myometrium made up of its muscular elements
ONCOLOGY
the study or science of cancer
CARCINOMA
cancerous tumor
GRANULATION TISSUE FORMATION
1. When associated with inflammation, can cause a fairly common post-op complication, follwing a  traditional abomoninal or vaginal hysterectomy 2. can result in bleeding, spotting,...
ENDOMETRIOSOSIS
*presence of endometrial cells in abnormal locations outside the uterus *can be also around the ovaries, or areas away from the genital sites, including the lungs in xtreme cases *during...
GYNECOLOGIC SURGICAL PROCEDURES
*surgical procedures formed on the female reproductive system are called gynecological operations  


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