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Definitions of Speech and Language
Langugage is how you put it together, Speech is more motor sound related.
Is the Set of abstract symbols and rule governed structures
Oral expression of language
Grammar related- ways we put words in a sentence.
Internal organization of words
How we make words according to sounds
Meaning of words
The use of language (conversational skills)
Syntax, morphology, phonology
-External Auditory Meatus/Ear Canal
(Air filled) (impedance matching)
-Tympanic Membrane/ear drum
- semicircular canals (controls balance and equilibrium)
- Cochlea (hearing
Functions of the 4 brain lobes
- Frontal Lobe: Reasoning, Personality is usually housed here.
- Parietal Lobe: Touch, visuospatial...
Important Areas for Speech and Language
- Wernicke's Area: Located in the Temporal lobe, comprehension
- Broca's Area: Located...
- Diaphram flattens
-Ribs move outwards
-Sternum moves up and outward
-lungs expand with...
- Muscles relax in passive breathing
- every 12-15 times a minute you take a breath
ABduction and ADDuction of Vocal Folds
Cycle of Vocal Fold Vibration
- Vocal folds adduct to restrict airflow from lungs
-Air pressure builds up beneath vocal...
Function of the Velum
Closes when swallowing so food doesnt go out your noise.
When velum raises is closes of...
Places of articulation
- alveolar ridge
- hard palate
Concept of nature vs nurture in Language acquisition
(biological basis for language)
-similar process among children
Skinner came up with operant conditioning (we learn thru rewards and punishment)
(Transformational Generative Grammar)
Langugage Acquisition Device introduced by chomsky is the mental innate period which enables...
Cases- Noun Phrase
1. Agentive: initiator of the action
EX: Sally kicked the ball
Introduced by piaget In the sensorimotor period (0-2years) where language is the product of...
Information processing Theory
Brain is Like a computer. You take in, convert into symbolic code, store in memory and retrieve...
language use is the vehicle in which we learn it. We use language for a purpose. There are...
Social Interactionist theory
biological and environmental factors in lang. acq.
language is a result of social communication
Scehmas: categories of knowledge (zoo animals, pet animals)
Assimilation: how they bring information...
Sub Stage 1
-relexive actions (crying,sucking)
-no differentiation between self and objects
sub stage 2
-look at objects
-turn eyes toward sounds
-imitation:will copy vocalization (cooing)
sub stage 3
-Object permanance begins to develp, they reach for objects if it falls away(not...
object permanence- look for hidden objects and understand spatial dimensions...
Object permanence is almost complete, sequential displacement (looks for thingds...
object permanence is fully developed
casuality- able to solve problems
Represents an early transition in becoming more socially communicative.
Ex: when they...
Zone of Proximal Development(ZPD)
Children's social development with more skilled adults and peers is critical to cognitive...
Changing the level of support/ guidance