Normal Development Of Speech & Language

40 cards

Exam I


 
  
Created Feb 23, 2014
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1
Definitions of Speech and Language
 
Langugage is how you put it together, Speech is more motor sound related.
2
Language
 
Is the Set of abstract symbols and rule governed structures
3
Speech
 
Oral expression of language
4
Syntax
 
Grammar related- ways we put words in a sentence.
5
Morphology
 
Internal organization of words
6
Phonology
 
How we make words according to sounds
7
Semantics
 
Meaning of words
8
Pragmatics
 
The use of language (conversational skills)
9
Content
 
Semantics
10
Form
 
Syntax, morphology, phonology
11
Use
 
Pragmatics
12
Outer Ear
 
(Collects noise)
-Pinna
-External Auditory Meatus/Ear Canal

13
Middle ear
 
(Air filled) (impedance matching)
-Tympanic Membrane/ear drum
-Malleus
-Stapes
14
Inner Ear
 
(fluid filled)
- semicircular canals (controls balance and equilibrium)
- Cochlea...
15
Functions of the 4 brain lobes
 
- Frontal Lobe: Reasoning, Personality is usually housed here.
- Parietal Lobe: Touch,...
16
Important Areas for Speech and Language
 
- Wernicke's Area: Located in the Temporal lobe, comprehension
- Broca's Area:...
17
INhilation
 
- Diaphram flattens
-Ribs move outwards
-Sternum moves up and outward
-lungs...
18
Exhalation
 
- Muscles relax in passive breathing
- every 12-15 times a minute you take a breath
19
ABduction and ADDuction of Vocal Folds
 
Abduction: open
Adduction: Closed
20
Cycle of Vocal Fold Vibration
 
- Vocal folds adduct to restrict airflow from lungs
-Air pressure builds up beneath...
21
Function of the Velum
 
Closes when swallowing so food doesnt go out your noise.

When velum raises is...
22
Places of articulation
 
- alveolar ridge
- teeth
- hard palate
-soft palate
(tongue,lips,jaw)
23
Concept of nature vs nurture in Language acquisition
 
Nature
(biological basis for language)
-genetic lines
-twins
-similar...
24
Behaviorist 
(operant condition)
(shaping)
(chaining)
 
Skinner came up with operant conditioning (we learn thru rewards and punishment)
-operant
25
Nativist
(LAD)
(Transformational Generative Grammar)

 
Langugage Acquisition Device introduced by chomsky is the mental innate period which enables...
26
Generative Semantics
 
Cases- Noun Phrase

1. Agentive: initiator of the action
EX: Sally kicked...
27
Cognitive Theory
 
Introduced by piaget In the sensorimotor period (0-2years) where language is the product of...
28
Information processing Theory
 
Brain is Like a computer. You take in, convert into symbolic code, store in memory and retrieve...
29
Pragmatic Theory
 
language use is the vehicle in which we learn it. We use language for a purpose. There are...
30
Social Interactionist theory
 
biological and environmental factors in lang. acq. 
language is a result of social...
31
Piaget (schemas,assimilation,accomodation,distancing)
 
Scehmas: categories of knowledge (zoo animals, pet animals)
Assimilation: how they bring...
32
Sub Stage 1
 
-0-1 month
-relexive actions (crying,sucking)
-no differentiation between self...
33
sub stage 2
 
1-4 months
-look at objects
-turn eyes toward sounds
-imitation:will copy...
34
sub stage 3
 
4-8 months
-Object permanance begins to develp, they reach for objects if it falls away(not...
35
substage 4
 
-8-12 months
object permanence- look for hidden objects and understand spatial dimensions...
36
Substage 5
 
12-18 months
Object permanence is almost complete, sequential displacement (looks for...
37
Substage 6
 
18-24 months
object permanence is fully developed
casuality- able to solve problems
38
Private Speech
 
Represents an early transition in becoming more socially communicative. 

Ex:...
39
Zone of Proximal Development(ZPD)
 
Children's social development with more skilled adults and peers is critical to cognitive...
40
Scaffolding
 
Changing the level of support/ guidance

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