New Testament, Exam #2, Study Guide Questions

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Study Guide Questions


 
  
Created Mar 25, 2010
by
sarah.alofs

 

 
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1
Who is Polycarp
 
Followed Jesus his whole life. He would not recant of his belief of Jesus so he was martyerd....
2
What books of the Bible are missing from Polycarp's letters
 
1 Thessolonians and Philemon
3
Papias
 
Slightly older then Polycarp.
4
Meaning of the word, "Diadache"
 
Greek for teaching. 
5
Purpose of Diadache
 
A summary of the 12 apostles and their teachings. It is not canon and does not claim to be...
6
Heretic at the time of canonization
 
Marcion
7
Life of Marcion
 
Christian upbringing, was sent to a gnostic school, where he learned that we must obtain special...
8
Meaning of, "Tertuallion"
 
against Marcion
9
Purpose of Tertuallion
 
written to explain the bad doctrine of Marcion. This provides us with a good and accurate description...
10
What we know about Marcion's doctrine
 
He had a belief in two gods, the god of wrath from the Old Testament, and the god of grace...
11
Marcion view on Christian life
 
asectic life, meaning celebacy, no marriage, etc.
12
Why we have a canon
 
because Marcion made a false one. Our canon is a reaction to Marcion's edited version of the...
13
Four different types of manuscripts
 
P52, P45, P46, Sinactics
14
Autographa
 
the physical original text. We don't have any of these. Which is probably good because we would...
15
Meaning of "P" in the P manuscripts
 
P meaning, papyrus, the material used to write on in this time period.
16
P52
 
The number is irrelevant. It is a fragment of the book of John. Came from a codex (book) which...
17
P45
 
A larger selection, we have portions of all 4 gospels. Accurately date to 3rd Century.
18
P46
 
Earliest Pauline document, including 10 letters of Paul and Hebrews. 
19
Sinacticas
 
Contains some of the O.T. and most of the N.T. found in the Sinide peninsula
20
Definition of, Uncial
 
all capital letters
21
Definition of Lengua Continua
 
no spaces between wording. Easy to see because of Greek regular endings. 
22
Definition of Lectionaries
 
portions of scripture. Organized for everyday scripture reading.
23
Definition of Hermaneutics
 
to interpret, translate and explain
24
4 Rules of Hermaneutics (in order)
 
#1 - the Bible is entirely truthful and authoratative in all it teaches. #2 - Notice the historical...
25
General Rule for Hermaneutics
 
Keep things in context. Time, history, genre, semantics, etc.
26
Non-Christian Sources of history of Jesus
 
Tacitus and Josephus
27
Tacitus 
 
Roman write. Has given one statement about Jesus, "he was a cult leader, executed and lived...
28
Josephus
 
Jewish historian. Explains Jewish traditons and culture to Roman audience. Writes with a more...
29
Speculation
 
A scholars basis for not believing (in Jesus) is only speculation. Remember that they also...
30
Oxyrinhus Papyrus
 
Found in dry climate, this is how it survived. Contains sayings attributed to Jesus and some...
31
Na Hammadi Library
 
Found many texts, specifically the Gospel of Thomas - series of sayings, earliest extrabiblical...
32
Paul
 
source of information, gives statements of history of Jesus. 
33
Definition of, "Synoptics"
 
literally meaning with one view
34
books of the synoptics
 
matthew, mark, and luke.
35
Source Criticism
 
Asking, "what are the sources behind our gospels" 
36
4 different theories of Source Criticism
 
Total Independance theory, proto-gospel theory, common dependance theory, interdependence 
37
Total Independence Theory
 
An event happened, it was interpreted in different ways by each different author. 
38
Problems with the Total Independence Theory
 
Can't explain similar wording.
39
Proto-Gospel Theory
 
Meaning an event happened the proto-gospel was mad and authors interpreted from this proto-gospel. 
40
What are the problems with the Proto-Gospel Theory
 
Who wrote this Proto Gospel, wheres the evidence, Why don't we just use the proto-gospel?
41
Improvments of the Proto-Gospel Theory
 
can explain the similarities. 
42
Common Dependence Theory
 
meaning an event happened it was both oral and written, authors take from both of these 
43
Problems with C.D. Theory. And improvements with it.
 
can't explain similarities. fits better with what Luke says
44
Interdependence Theory
 
The gospels all have relationship to relationship to one another. Matthew to Mark, and Luke...
45
Interdenpend Theory #2 (2 Gospels Theory)
 
Matthew to Luke to Mark (Mark being a summary gospel)
46
Interdependence Theory #3 (2 Source Theory)
 
Mark and Q are the original sources. Matthew use Mark and Q, Luke use Mark and Q. Shows a not...
47
Form Criticism
 
Studying various forms of the gospels. looking for the development of stories and history of...
48
Two different types of form criticism
 
Dissimilarity and Redaction
49
Dissimilarity
 
a form crticism of learning what was historical. can't be anything like the Church, can't be...
50
Jesus Seminar
 
determines what Jesus really says by using dissimilarity form criticism
51
Redaction Criticism
 
How have gospel writers edited material and what can you get from their theological editions?
52
Redactor 
 
Theological Editor
53
Every historical writer is a ________ _______.
 
Historical editor
54
Problems with Redactor Theory 
 
it depends even assumes mark and Q theory of source criticism.
55
Kingdom to original audience
 
Thought it was an earthly kingdom in which they would kick out the Messiah and Jesus would...
56
Background of the kingdom
 
God gathered his people, declared them his kingdom, they were not perfect, went through period...
57
4 different kingdoms (and their stones)
 
Babylon - gold, the most precious metal. Medo-Persian - silver. Greek Empire - bronze, "covering...
58
3 things to look for in the Parables
 
The Interpertation, The Goal (to find the main point), and the surprise. 
59
The interpretation of the parables
 
interpret them as stories that illustrate a pint. we can't draw unnessescary things out of...
60
The goal of parables
 
to find the main point and what the illustration is. the details are only to draw listeners...
61
The surprise of the parables
 
something that would have caught the or. hearers attention. The catch is usually at the end...
62
Matthew 12:22-29
 
Jesus casts out demons and leaders suggest he is satan (beelzbub). This will not work because...
63
Matthew 12:26 Parable of the Strong man and the robber
 
Strong man is satan and the robber is God. he is bound so that he may be robbed of his followers...
64
Parable of the Sower
 
Seed - the message of the kingdom. 
65
four different soils in the parable of the sower
 
pathway that birds get to - those who hear and Satan snatches them. rocky soils - springs up...
66
Purpose of Parable of the Sower
 
variety of responses to the message. 
67
Parable of the mustard seed
 
from smallest to biggest. i
68
Illustratino of the parable of the mustard seed.
 
idea of growth. The kingdom will grow and develop. Encouragement to disciples and apostles
69
Parable of the Yeast
 
worked in through the dough. without it the bread won't rise.
70
Illustration of the parable of the yeast
 
prevasivness and it spreads. The kingdom was localized (israel) it is now globalized.
71
Parable of the weeds (wheat and tares)
 
sower of good seed - son of man. who is the good seed - those who respond to the message, what...


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