NCLEX REVIEW 2009. HEALTH PROMOTION AND MAINTENANCE.

52 cards

NOTES FOR HEALTH PROMOTION AND MAINTENACE. GROWTH DEVELOPMENT.


 
  
Created Nov 10, 2009
by
cialrn

 

 
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1
STAGES OF PLAY:
HOLDING TOYS
 
0-1 Y./0
2
STAGES OF PLAY:
IMITATION
 
1-7 Y/O
3
STAGES OF PLAY:
SOLITARY PLAY
 
INFANCY  
4
STAGES OF PLAY:
PARALLEL PLAY
 
 TODDLERS
5
STAGES OF PLAY:
ASSOCIATIVE PLAY
 
PRE-SCHOOL  3-6 Y/O
6
STAGES OF PLAY:
COOPERATIVE PLAY
 
SCHOOL AGE 
7
TESF FOR: PERSONAL - SOCIAL,  FINE MOTOR, LANGUAGE, GROSS MOTOR
 
DENVER DEVELOPMENT SCREENINT TEST(DDST)

8
ERICKSON'S
BIRTH - 18 MOS INFANCY
 
TRUST VS. MISTRUST
(+) TRUST SELF
(-) WITHDRAWN , ISOLATED
9
ERICKSON'S
18 MOS - 3 Y/O- TODDLER

 
AUTONOMY VS SHAME
(+) EXERCISE SELF CONTROL
(-) DEFIANT AND NEGATIVE
10
ERICKSON'S
3-6 Y/O PRESCHOOL

 
INITIATIVE VS GUILT
P- LEARNS LIMITS
N- FEARFUL, PESSIMISTIC
11
ERICKSON'S
6-12 Y/O
 
INDUSTRY VS INFERIORITY
P- SENSE OF CONFIDENCE
N- SELF DOUBT, INADEQUATE
12
ERICKSON'S
12-20 Y/O
 
IDENTITY VS DIFFUSION
P- COHERENT SENSE OF SELF
N- LACK OF IDENTITY
13
ERICKSON'S
20-45 Y/O

 
INTIMACY VS ISOLATION
P- INTIMATE RELATIONSHIP
N- AVOIDANCE OF INTIMACY
14
ERICKSON'S
45-65 Y/O
 
GENERATIVITY VS STAGNATION
P - CREATIVE AND PRODUCTIVE
N- SELF CENTERED
15
ERICKSON'S
65 ABOVE


 
INTEGRITY VS DESPAIR
P- SEES LIFE AS MEANINGFUL
N- LIFE LACKS MEANING
16
 HEAD SAGS
 
1 MONTH----TOYS- MOBILE, WIND UP INFANT SWINGS
17
CLOSING OF POSTERIOR FONTANELLE, TURNS FROM SIDE TO BACK, SOCIAL SMILE
 
2 MONTHS--------TOYS---MOBILE, WIND UP INFANT SWINGS
18
BRINGS OBJECTS TO MOUTH, HEAD ERECT
 
3 MONTHS-TOYS------RATTLES, CRADLE GYM, STUFFED ANIMALS
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THUMB APPOSITION, DROOLS ABSENT TONIC NECK REFLEX, MORO REFLEX AND ROOTING REFLEX
 
4 MONTHS-----RATTLES, CRADLE GYMS, STUFFED ANIMALS
20
BIRTH WEIGHT DOUBLED, HOLD HEADS STEADY AND ERECT, NOTICING STRANGERS
 
5 MOS----BRIGHTLY COLORED, SMALL ENOUGH TO GRAS[, LARGE ENOUGH FOR SAFETY, TEETHING TOYS
21
BEGINS TEETHING, TURNS FROM BACK TO STOMACH,
 
6 MONTHS-----------BRIGHTLY COLORED, SMALL ENOUGH TO GRAS[, LARGE ENOUGH FOR SAFETY, TEETHING...
22
SITS FOR SHORT PERIODS FEAR OF STRANGERS, TRANSFER OBJECTS FROM 1 HAND TO OTHER, BANGING OBJECT,...
 
7 MOS-----LARGE WITH BRIGH COLORS, COLORED BLOCKS, JACK IN THE BOX, PLAYS PEEK ABOO
23
FEAR OF STRANGERS STRONGERS
 
8 MOS-----LARGE WITH BRIGH COLORS, COLORED BLOCKS, JACK IN THE BOX, PLAYS PEEK ABOO
24
ELEVATE SELF TO SITTING POSITION, SAYS DADA
 
10 MOS--LARGE WITH MOVABLE PARTS, NOISE MAKERS
25
CRAWLS WELL PULLS SELF TO STANDING POSITION
 
10 MONTHS-----LARGE WITH MOVABLE PARTS, NOISE MAKERS
26
ERECT STANDING POSTURE WITH SUPPORT
 
11 MONTHS---BOOKS WITH LARGE PICTURES, PUSH-PULL, TEDDY BEARS, LARGE BALL, SPONGE TOYS
27
BIRTH WEIGHT TRIPPLED EATS WITH FINGERS BABINKSI REFLEX DISAPPEARS
 
12 MONTHS---BOOKS WITH LARGE PICTURES, PUSH-PULL, TEDDY BEARS, LARGE BALL, SPONGE TOYS
28
POTENTIAL PROBLEMS OF TODDLERS
 
NEGATIVISM  "NO" DON'T ASK YES OR NO QUESTION, TELL THEM WHAT TO EXPECT SAFETY--INJURIES,...
29
walkk alone throws object holds spoon
 
15 months-imitation plays
30
anterior fontanelle closed climbs stairs sucks thumb
 
18 months-imitation plays
31
300 word obey easy commands
 
24 months--imitation plays
32
walks on tiptoe stands on 1 foot has sphinter control for toilet training
 
30 months---imitation plays
33
MENTAL RETARDATION
 
MILD--IQ-- 55-70 MODERATE   40-55 SEVERE--25-40 PROFOUND    <...
34
mental retard, growth retard, microcephaly,
  • Narrow, small eyes with large epicanthal...
 
fetal alcohol syndrome---avoid alcohol 3 months before conception, monitor weight gain, promote...
35
mental retard, hypotonia, altered development, hard to hold, compromise resp,
  • Decreased...
 
down's syndrome---provide stimulation, assess for physical problems, parenteral education---complication...
36
GPTA
 
GRAVIDA NUMBER OF PREG, PARA NUMBER OF >20 WEEKS TERM 38-442 WKS ABORTION- BEFORE 20...
37
BLUISH COLOR OF CERVIX
 
CHADWICK'S SIGN
38
PINK OR REDDISH STREAKS
 
STRIA GRAVIDARUM
39
DARK LINE FROM UMBILICUS TO SYMPHYBIS
 
LINEA NIGRA
40
MATERNAL PERCEPTION OF MOVEMENT AT   16-20 WEEKS GESTATION
 
QUICKENING
41
TORCH
 
TOXOPLASMOSIS RUBELLA -TITER 1-16, DON'T GIVE IMMUNIZATION FROM 1-8 CYTOMEGALOVIRUS HERPES...
42
gush of fluid or bleeding from vagina regular uterine contractrions severe h/a , visual disturbances,...
 
danger signs of pregnancy-pt to contact doctor    
43
EFFACEMENT- PROGRESSIVE THINNING AND SHORTENING OF CERVIX DILATION -OPENING OF CERVIX OS
 
CERVICAL CHANGES DURING LABOR
44
lightening- primipara (up 2 weeks before delivery) and multipara ( when labor begins) softening...
 
onset of labor
45
ASSESS- PREMATURE RUPTURE OF MEMBRANES PRESENTING PART NOT ENGAGED FETAL DISTRESS PROTRUDING...
 
PROLAPSE UMBILICAL CORD
46
> 160 BPM LASTING LONGER THAN 10 MINS EARLY SIGNS OF HYPOXIA MATERNAL FEVER FETAL ANEMIA FETAL...
 
TACHYCARDIA
47
<110 BPM LASTING LONGER THAN 10 MINS LATE SIGNS OF FETAL HYPOXIA MATENAL DRUGS (ANESTHETICS) PROLONGED...
 
BRADYCARDIA
48
NORMAL IRREGULARITY OF CARDIAC RHYTHYM NORMAL 6-10 BPM INDICATES FETAL WELL BEING ABSENT...
 
VARIABILITY
49
15 BPM RISE ABOVE BASELINE FOLLOWED BY RETURN INDICATES FETAL WELL BEING CAUSED BY FETAL...
 
ACCELARATIONS- Accelerations The presence of fetal heart rate accelerations is one of the...
50
OCCUR BEFORE THE PEAK OF CONTRACTION INVERSELY MIRRORS THE CONTRACTIONS ASSOCIATED WITH HEAD...
 
EARLY DECELERATIONS-Early decelerations are seen when the baby's head is compressed. This often...
51
POSITION LEFT SIDE LYING OR THEN TRENDELENBERG OR KNEE CHEST INCREASE IV O2 AT 7-10 LPM DISCONTINUE...
 
; Late Decelerations Unlike early decelerations, which begin to dip early during...
52
INDICATES CORD COMPRESSION RELIEVED BY CHANGE IN MATERNAL POSITION LEFT SIDE OR KNEE CHEST 02 DISCONTINUE...
 
Variable Decelerations Variable decelerations do not look like late or early decelerations....


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