NCLEX - PN Lab Values / Patient Positions / Etc.

43 cards


 
  
Created Feb 24, 2011
by
poopymarky

 

 
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1
Sodium (Na)
 
135 - 145 mEq/L
Maintains osmotic pressure and acid-base balance. Assists with the transmission...
2
Potassium (K)
 
3.5 - 5.0 mEq/L
Used to evaluate cardiac, renal, and GI functions
3
Chloride (Cl)
 
96 - 106 mEq/ L
Acts as buffer during oxygen and CO2 exchange in RBC's
4
Bicarbonate (HCO3 -)
 
22-29 mEq/L
Bicarbonate-Carbonic acid buffering system. Mainly responsible for regulating...
5
Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (aPTT)
 
20 - 35 seconds
Monitor heparin therapy or identify coagulation disorders
6
Prothrombin Time (PT)
 
Values:  9.5 - 11.5 second
Used to regulate Warfarin / Coumadin therapy
7
Platelet Count
 
150,000 - 400,000
Low platelet count = bleeding precautions
8
Red Blood Cells (RBC's)
 
Male 4.6–6.2 million/mm3
Female 4.2–5.4 million/mm3
9
Leukocytes (WBC)
 
5000–10,000/mm3
10
Calcium (Ca+)
 
9–11 mg/dL or 4.5–5.5 mEq/L
11
Fowler's position
 
The client is supine, and the head of the bed is elevated to 45 to 60 degrees.
12
High Fowler's position
 
The client is supine, and the head of the bed is elevated to 90 degrees; the knees of the bed...
13
Lateral (side-lying) position
 
The client is lying on the side, and the head and shoulders are aligned with the hips and the...
14
Lithotomy position
 
The client is lying on his or her back with the hips and knees flexed at right angles and the...
15
Prone position
 
The client is lying on his or her abdomen with the head turned to the side.
16
Reverse Trendelenburg's position
 
The bed is tilted so that the foot of the client's bed is lower than the head of the bed
17
Semi-Fowler's position (low Fowler's position)
 
The client is supine, and the head of the bed is elevated approximately 30 degrees
18
Sim's position
 
The client is lying on his or her side with the body turned prone at 45 degrees; the lower...
19
Supine Position
 
The client is lying on his or her back; the head and shoulders are usually slightly elevated...
20
Trendelenburg's position
 
The bed is tilted so that the head of the client's bed is lower than the foot of the bed; this...
21
Chadwick's Sign
 
The violet coloration of the vaginal mucous membranes that is visible from about 4 weeks' gesttation...
22
Lochia
 
Vaginal discharge from the uterus that consists of blood from the vessels of the placental...
23
Nagele's Rule
 
Add 7 days to the first day of the last menstrual period. Subract 3 months from that date,...
24
Neonate
 
Human offspring from the time of birth to the day 28 of life.
25
Gravida
 
A pregnant woman. The woman is call gravida I or primigravida. Gravida II during the second,...
26
Parity
 
The number of pregnancies that have reached viability, regardless of whether the infants were...
27
True labor
 
Contractions occur regularly they become stronger, last longer, and occur closer together.
28
False labor
 
False labor does not produce dilation, effacement, or descent. Contractions are irregular and...
29
Apgar Score interventions
 
0-3 Infant requires resuscitation
4-7 Gently stimulate, Rub the infant's back, Administer...
30
Congestive Heart Failure
 
The inability of the heart to pump sufficiently to meet the metabolic needs of the body
31
Impetigo
 
Highly contagious bacterial infection of the skin caused by B-hemolytic streptoccoci, Staphylococcus...
32
Isolation Precaution: Standard
 
Applies to all patients. Basic handwashing
33
Isolation Precaution: Droplet
 
Private Room, surgical mask for staff & visitors ENTERING room. Surgical mask for patient...
34
Isolation Precaution: Airborne
 
Private room > Negative pressure room. Close door at all times. N-95 particulate respirator...
35
Isolation Precaution: Contact
 
Contact: Gloves, Gown. NO MASK. Leave equipment inside the room. Leave designated instruments...
36
Airborne Diseases
 
"MY CHICKENS HAS TB"
Measles (Rubeola)
Chickenpox (Varicella)
Herpes Varicella...
37
Droplet Diseases
 
"SSS PPP IDERMMAN"
Sepsis, Scarlet Fever, Streptococcal Pharyngitis
Parvovirus, Pertussis...
38
Contact Diseases
 
MRSA
RSV
Skin Infections
Wound Infections
Ebola Virus Infections; Hemorragic...
39
Dehydration Sign and Symptoms
 
1) Decreased Urinary output
2) Increased urine specific gravity
3) Decreased...
40
Over hydration Sign and Symptoms
 
1) Increased Urinary output
2) Decreased urine specific gravity
3) Edema
...
41
Magnesium (Mg)
 
1.7 to 2.2 mg/dL
42
Addison's Disease
 
Addison's disease is a disorder that occurs when the adrenal glands do not produce enough of...
43
Cushing's Disease
 
Cushing’s disease is a condition in which the pituitary gland releases too much adrenocorticotropic...

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