Music Lit Final Part 1

Music Lit Final Part 1
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the term "dark ages" refers to the time:
 
between 500& 1000 c.e.
in sonata-allegro form, the contrasting key is established by the statement of:
 
the second theme.
in the 19th century saw the rise of a new social order shaped by:
 
the technological advances of the industrial revolution
the post-romantic era lasted from approx:
 
1890-1910
the frankish emperor who encouraged education & the concept of a centralized government was:
 
Charlemagne
mozart is remembered today as :
 
the most gifted child prodigy in the history of music
in the romantic era skilled musicians were trained at:
 
conservatories
in the movement that, along with post-romanticism, ushered in the 20th century was known as:
 
impressionism
the most important patron of music in the middle ages was:
 
the roman catholic church
of the following which characterizes Maria Theresa Paradis? -a. women virtuoso piano -b. friend of Mozart -c. blind since birth, -d. all of the above
 
All of the above
during the 19th century, concert life began to center in the
 
public concert hall
_____ was a post-romantic composer known for his symphonic poems & operas such as
 
RIchard Strauss
the high middle ages witnessed:
 
building of great cathedrals, founding universities, & the rise of the bourgeoisie
using material from an earlier movement in each subsequent movement of a symphony is called :
 
cyclical form
what trend inspired composers to write music evoking scenes or sounds of far off lands
 
exoticism
in which of the following movements if gustav mahler most closely associated?
 
post-romantic
early notation suggested melodic contours using small ascending & descending signs called:
 
Neumes
which composer established the scherzo was a regular alternative to the minuet movement?
 
Beethoven
of the following, which does NOT describe romantic orchestral music? -works were linked to nationalism, - music established connections to paintings and drama - new genres emerged some of which incorporated voices - composers produced more symphonies than their classical-era counterpoints.
 
Composers produced more symphonies than their classical counterpoints.
impressionism is music is best exemplified by the works of :
 
Claude Debussy
the portion of the mass that changes from day to day, dependent on the feast celebrated is called
 
the Proper
haydn enjoyed phenomenal musical success with two trips to which country:
 
England
the leipzig conservatory was founded by:
 
Felix Mendelssohn
which of the following was NOT characteristic of Impressionist music? -whole-tone scales, -parallel chords, - ninth chords, - accents on the first beat of each measure
 
Accents on the first beat of each measure
which of the following women was not only a religious leader but also a prominent figure in literature & music
 
Hildegard of Bingen
mozart's compositions were often listed by their K numbers which refer to:
 
the man who first catalogued his works.
of the following who is a noted woman composer of the romantic era:
 
Amy Cheney Beach
what is unusual about the opening of debussy's Prelude to the afternoon of a faun?
 
it opens w/a flute solo in the velvety lower register.
in what part of the liturgy does the Alleluia occur?
 
Mass Proper
in the classical orchestra, which group of instruments served as the ensemble's nucleus?
 
strings
a german texted song with piano accompaniment that sets a short lyric poem is called:
 
A lied
debussy was highly influenced by the sounds of the gamelan from:
 
Java
the musical texture that arose around 1000 c.e. towards the end of the Romanesque period was
 
polyphony
which of the following is common characteristic of the second movement of a multi-movement cycle? -new key, - theme & variations form, - a slow tempo - all of the above
 
all of the above
___ was NOT an important composer of the 19th century lieder? -heine - schumann -brahmns -schubert
 
Heine
in which early 20th century style dealt with the realm of the unconscious, distorted images, and the innner self.
 
expressionism
which was NOT a function of secular music in medieval court life? -accompaniment for dancing & banquets -ceremonial occasions & tournaments -devotional services -military music
 
Devotional services
a typical feature of a concerto is a free solo passage without orchestral accompaniment is called?
 
Cadenza
which was NOT a typical theme of the Romantic Lied?-beauty of nature -love & longing -praise of the Virgin Mary -fleeting nature of human happiness
 
praise of the Virgin Mary
the early 20th century style that sought to revive certain principles & forms of earlier music
 
neoclassicism
according to your test, which of the following would NOT be a common subject of troubadour & trouvere songs? -love -work -war -laments
 
Work
Name the masters of the first Viennese School.
 
Haydn, Mozart, Schubert, Beethoven. (HEY MARISSA STUPID BITCH)
the favorite romantic poets for the composers of lieder were
 
Goethe & heine
which of the following composers would NOT have been emulated during the neoclassical era?-vivialdi -bach -wagner -handel
 
Wagner
the outstanding composer-poet of the french Ars Nova was
 
Machaut
beethoven's own instrument for which he wrote numerous concertos & sonatas was
 
the piano
schubert lived a tradigical short life but was a remarkable prolific composer of: -lieder -chamber music -piano music -all of the above
 
All of the above
which of the following genres was NOT favored by the neoclassicists of the early 20th century
 
symphonic poem
the french courtly love song of the middle ages was called the
 
chanson
mozart's Eine kleine Nachtmusik is an example of
 
a serenade
which is true of schubert's erlking? -masterpiece of his youth -based on the legend that whoever is touched by the king of elves must die -it presents 4 characters who are differentiated in the music -all of the above
 
all of the above
composers introduced new harmonic styles in the 20th century including -atonality, -polytonality -12-tone music -all of the above
 
all of the above
italian explorer who traveld to china in the 13th century was
 
marco polo
which western orchestral instrument or instruments derive from turkish military bands
 
triangle, cymbals, bass drum
the composer who founded the new journal for music was
 
schumann
the melody in 12 tone music is called
 
a tone row
medieval instruments can be divided in bas & haut meaning
 
soft & loud
the most important instrumental genre of the classical period was
 
the symphony
schumann's in the lovely month of may is from which song cycle
 
A poet's love
what was the name of the paris-based russian ballet impresario who commissioned stravinksy to write ballets
 
Diaghilev
which historical event did NOT take place in the renaissance -discovery of the new world -introduction of printing in the west -writing of the magna carta -protestant reformation
 
writing of the magna carta
the dreamy first movement of the moonlight sonata features -singing melody -accompaniment with arpeggios -strophic-like form -all of the above
 
all of the above
which of the following was NOT a technical improvement in the 19th century piano? -it was made louder -range was expanded -second keyboard was added -was given an improved mechanical action
 
second keyboard was added
which of the following is NOT ballet by stravinksy -daphnis et chloe -the firebird -petrushka -rite of spring
 
Daphnis et Chloe
renaissance musicians could make their living in all of the following ways EXCEPT: -as choirmasters, singers, & organists -instrument builders or players -music printers & publishers -professional orchestral conductors
 
as professional orchestral conductors
how did comic opera differ from opera seria? -it presented down-to-earth- plots -it featured ensemble as well as solo singing -it was sung in the vernacular -all of the above
 
all of the above
a short lyric piece was the instrumental equivalent of
 
the song
the rite of spring is characterized by -percussive use of dissonance -polyrhythms -polytonality -all of the above
 
all of the above
the fixed melody used as a basis for elaborate polyphonic writing in the renaissance was called
 
a cantus firmus
who was haydn's principal patron?
 
prince esterhazy
19th century composers of the short lyric piano piece included -brahms -r. schumann -chopin -all of the above
 
all of the above. think acronym silly clara lee makes big farts really colorful -schubert chopin liszt mendensohn brahms fanny robert clara schumann
alban berg & anton webern were disciples of :
 
arnold schoenberg
movements of the ordinary mass??
 
Kyrie Gloria Credo Sanctus Agnus Dei - acronym Kyle gave carlie some apple dumplings
the system in which the aristocracy sponsored musicians is called
 
patronage
chopin is considered to be the national composer of
 
poland
the 12 tone method
 
revolutionized composition in the 20th century
what is a cantus firmus
 
fragment of georgian chant used as the foundation of a polyphonic mass
in the classical multi-movement cycle, which movement was most commonlu in a contrasting key from the other three?
 
second
which was NOT a genre of music by Chopin? -nocturnes -polonaises -ballades -symphonies
 
Symphonies
schoenberg created a newt style in which vocal melodies were spoken rather than sung with exact pitches & rhythms. this was known as
 
sprechstimme
josquin's ave maria...virgo serena is an example of
 
a motet
the typical first movement of a classical concerto begins with
 
the orchestra
which of the following does NOT characterize the music of Chopin? -rubato -virtuosity -reserved emotions -lyricism
 
Reserved emotions
what accompanies the voice in pierrot lunaire
 
chamber group
which composer responded to the reforms of the council of trent in exemplary fashion?
 
palestrina
the early classical symphony was characterized by quickly ascending themes with a strong rhythmic drive. these were known as
 
rocket themes
the term temp rubato associated with chopin's music means that the performer should
 
take liberties with the tempo
schoenberg experimented with the idea of tone-color melody, or shifting each note of a melody to a different instrument. he called this
 
klangfarbenmelodie
the structure known as binary form is
 
A-A-B-B
how many symphonies did Beethoven write
 
9
clara schumann's later creative activities were supported by the devoution of which composer
 
brahms
which of the following was NOT a member of the 20th century russian school? -rachmaninoff -delius -prokofiev -shostakovich
 
Delius remember acronym really sh sh darla -russian sergei rachmaninoff sergei prokofiev dmitri shostakovich
which of the following was the chief form of intalisn secular music in the renaissance?
 
madrigal
a string quartet consists of
 
2 violins, viola & cello
clara schumann's compositional output was predominantly
 
songs, & solo piano works
the cantata carmina burana was written by
 
carl orff
the late renaissance madrigal came to full flower in the music of
 
claudio monteverdi
the dies irae text from the requiem describes
 
the day of judgement
who was the first internationally acclaimed american composer of classical music
 
gottschalk
the hungarian composer who combined native folk music characteristics with main currents of european music was
 
bartok
during the late 16th century, the principal center for polychoral singing was
 
st mark's of venice
in sonata allegro form a modulatory section that leads from one theme to the next is called
 
a bridge
gottschalk based many of his works off of
 
native american & caribbean songs
what characterizes the published devotional music in america during the 19th century ? -simpler notation for people lacking music literacy -monophonic textures -notation intended for performances by trained choirs only -all of the above
 
simpler notation for people lacking music literacy
the first composer to indicate dynamics & specific instruments in music was
 
Gabrieli
what is the form of the second movement of haydn's surprise symphony
 
themes & variations
instrumental music is endowed with literary, philosophicl or pictorial associations called
 
program music
which 19th century american composer is best remembered for his popular ballads & minstrel show tunes
 
Stephen foster
the term baroque probably derives from
 
a portuguese word meaning irregular in shape
the classical period in music is ranged from approx:
 
1750-1825
in absolute music, the lack of a prescribed story or text to hold the music together makes the element of ___ especially important
 
melody
the 3 main sections of sonata form are the expositions, development &
 
recapitulation
music written for players, generally of consisting of an overture & a series of pieces to be performed between acts is called
 
incidental music
Middle ages-
 
476-1450 FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE
Dark Ages
 
500-1000
Late Middle ages
 
1000-1450
the renaissance
 
1450-1600
baroque era
 
1600-1750
romantic era
 
1825-1890
2 movements styles follow the romantic era in 1890ish
 
post romanticism & impressionism
around 1915 appears
 
expressionism, neoclassicism, serialism, nationalism, world music, aleatoric music
centers of power are & development of?
 
church & state; libraries, cities, cathedrals, universities & monasteries
georgian chant was named for
 
pope georgory the great
georgian chant is
 
monophony with conjunct melodies
syllabic
 
one note sung with each syllable of text
neumatic
 
small groups of up to 5 or 6 notes sung to a syllable
meslimatic
 
long groups of notes set to a single syllable of text
susato
 
three dances
polyphony appears in
 
1150 organum
bach's 3 periods
 
weimar, cothen, leipzig
cyclical form
 
using material from an earlier movement in a symphony
mult-movement cycle
 
1st movement- in sonata allegro form, 2nd movement slow in different key theme & variations or ternary form 3rd movement minuet and trio or scherzo fourth movement very fast rondo or sonata allegro form
sonata allegro form
 
exposition, development, & recapitulation ELEPHANTS DREAD RATS
concertos have:
 
3 movements
Program music examples
 
Concert Overtures, Incidental Music, Program Symphony, Symphonic Poem. CUNT IS PUSSY STANK
what is program music
 
instrumental music that is endoed with literary, philosophical or pictorial associatsions
what is absolute music
 
instrumental music that is not based on a text or picture
part songs-
 
3 or 4 voice parts with no accompaniment
the composer of bel canto style singing is
 
verdi
the opera house in Milan is
 
La Scala
Wagner ; Gesamtkunstwerk
 
all the arts are fused together
leitmotif
 
basic themes that reoccur.
the opera house specifically designed for Wagner
 
Bayreuth
who composed the first symphony by an african american to be performed by a major american orchestra?
 
William Grant Still
the second Viennese school
 
Schoenburg, Alban & Webern SANTA ATE WORMS
what did the 1950s & 60s saw?
 
the rise of electronic music & MIDI-musical instrument digital interface)
who was the first american born musician to be appointed conductor of the New York Philharmonic
 
Leonard Bernstein
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