Music Appreciation

120 cards


 
  
Created Dec 7, 2012
by
contee

 

 
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  Side A   Side B
1
The term, referring to the organization of time in music, gives shape to the pitches of the...
 
Rhythm 
2
When beats are gathered into regular groups, what is the result?
 
Meter
3
The downbeat is
 
all of the above
4
Which term describes placing an accent on a weak beat or between the beats?
 
syncopation 
5
Which definition is appropriate to melody?
 
a recognizable and memorable series of notes that form a cohesive musical line
6
What is the name for the central pitch around which melodies gravitate and on which they generally...
 
tonic
7
The arrangement of pitches within the octave that ascends and descends according to a fixed...
 
diatonic scale 
8
What is the term describing the change in tonal center from one key to another?
 
modulation
9
Which scale adds five more notes to the typical Western scale, adding color and richness to...
 
chromatic
10
A dependent idea within a melody is a
 
phrase
11
The diatonic scale comes from what ancient culture?
 
Greek
12
The element that adds depth and dimension to music as well as providing support and accompaniment...
 
harmony
13
What is a unit of two or more pitches that sound at the same time?
 
chord
14
What kind of chord consists of pitches that sounds agreeable and stable?
 
consonant 
15
The term that refers to the level of volume at which sounds are produced:
 
dynamics 
16
Which term refers to the distinct tone quality of sound?
 
color
17
Identify the correct order of voices, from highest to lowest
 
soprano - mezzo soprano - alto - tenor - bass
18
Which term consists of a single melody without accompaniment?
 
monophony 
19
The musical texture involving two or more simultaneously sounds lines is called
 
polyphony 
20
Which musical form consists of one melody repeated for successive stanzas of text?
 
strophic 
21
The curriculum called the quadrivium was made up of what subjects?
 
music, arithmatic, geometry, and astronomy 
22
Boethius transcribed ancient treatises from what country?
 
Greece
23
Which statement about Gregorian chants is wrong?
 
Pope Gregory the Great initiated the practice of composing chant, and wrote so many that this...
24
What was the name of Medieval (instrumental) court music?
 
Estampie 
25
The most important composer of the Ars Nova, this individual was also a gifted poet.
 
Machaut 
26
The nucleaus (held by the tenor voice) of the mass, motet and organum is what?
 
gregorian chant melody 
27
A performance style of singing Gregorian Chant consisting of a soloist singing a phrase then...
 
responsorial 
28
What is the term for the early polyphony of the Western Church?
 
organum 
29
The polyponic love song of the Medieval period is called
 
chanson
30
What does "humanism" mean?
 
belief that people have the capactiy to shape their world, and create good and beautiful things:...
31
Which composition is an example of a Renaissance motet?
 
Josquin's Ave Maria
32
Which term designates a composition sung by a choir without instrumental accompaniment? 
 
a cappella 
33
The process by which one or more musical voices, or parts, enter and duplicate exactly for...
 
imitation 
34
This temperamental and egotistical composer, who was described as the musical equilvalent to...
 
Josquin 
35
Whose music was so widely admired that later composers, including Bach and Mozart, incorporated...
 
Palestrina 
36
Identify the inccorect statement regarding the madrigal
 
sung by a large a cappella choir
37
When music artfully depicts, or even mimics, the text, the result is
 
word painting 
38
Which church administrator decreed that certain chants should be sung on certain days of the...
 
Pope Gregory the Great 
39
What was considered the "work-horse" instrument of the Rennaissance?
 
lute
40
Name the four "Fine Arts" of the Rennaissance?
 
poetry, painting, music, and architecture 
41
All of the following characterize Baroque art, with the exception of
 
rational restraint 
42
The era known as the Baroque period was from
 
1600-1750
43
When and where did Baroque music first appear?
 
around 1600 in northern Italy
44
What is the name given to the new kind of solo singing that emerged during the late Renaissance...
 
monody
45
What is the term for a small ensemble that provides a foundation for the melody or melodies...
 
basso continuo
46
The most common basso continuo group was the
 
harpsichord and cello
47
Which statement best describes the melodic style of the Baroque period?
 
all of the above
48
The dramatic text that composers set to music in an opera, oratorio, or cantat is called
 
libretto
49
Who composed the first full opera?
 
Monteverdi
50
Musically heightened speech that relates the action or dramatic narrative to the audience is...
 
recitative
51
What forms the core of sound in the Western classical orchestra?
 
strings
52
Who was a strict disciplinarian who insisted on high performance standards from his musicians....
 
Lully
53
A bass line that moves at a moderate pace, mostly in equal note values, and often stepwise...
 
walking bass
54
The solosits in a concerto grosso are called the 
 
concertino
55
What form is typically used in the first and third movement of a concerto grosso?
 
ritornello form
56
This composer, born in Venice, was an ordained priest and virtuoso violinist. Worldy pursuits...
 
Vivaldi
57
Who learned to compose music by studying the works of Corelli, Vivaldi, Pachelbel, and Palestrina....
 
Bach
58
Which Baroque genre opens with a section called the "exposition"?
 
fugue
59
Identify the genre that is not typical of the late Baroque
 
string quartet 
60
The "Four Season" was composed by what composer?
 
Vivaldi
61
The Brandenburg Concerti were composed by what composer?
 
Bach
62
How many movements does a concerto have?
 
3
63
Who was considered by many the greatest opera composer of the Baroque?
 
Handel
64
What years are known as the Classical Period?
 
1750-1820
65
The Classical era was particularly fascinated by the culture of which society?
 
ancient Greece and Rome
66
Which idea did not emerge during the Enlightenment?
 
the importance of communication passion no matter what sort of imbalance, contradiction, or...
67
Identify the musical trait that is not typical of Classic period style
 
rhythm moves in a regular, constant pattern throughout the movement 
68
Who write symphonies, divertimentos, and operas for his parton's evening entertainment,...
 
Haydn
69
Who composed 104 symphonies and was the first to use theme and variations form in that genre....
 
Haydn 
70
Who displayed extraordinary musical talent by the age of 6. He could identify the notes played...
 
Mozart
71
Who was considered the father of the modern piano concert, composing 23 original works, most...
 
Mozart
72
The section in sonata-allegro form that presents the main thematic matieral of the movement...
 
exposition
73
When does most of the drama occur during a movement in sonata-allegro form?
 
development 
74
Identify the statement that does not apply to the sinfonia
 
the fisrt section is in a slow tempo with dotted rhythms, while the second is in a fast, imitative...
75
Who is considered the "father of the string quartet"?
 
Haydn
76
The number and form of the movements in a Classical string quartet are identical to those of...
 
symphony 
77
Mozart and Haydn created a lasting frienship due to their chance to perform together in:
 
string quartets 
78
Which instrument is most closely associated with the genre of the sonata?
 
piano
79
Which genre was typically in three movements and played by amateur musicians to entertain their...
 
sonata
80
Which genre uses double exposition form?
 
concerto
81
Beethoven was a bridge to the Romantic era
 
True
82
Beethoven studied with Mozart
 
False
83
Beethoven's performing instrument was the 
 
piano
84
The idea of "art for art's sake" was born of the Romantic spirit
 
true
85
Which term describes when a performer momentarily alters the tempo to enhance the expressive...
 
rubato
86
What was the average size of the orchestra during the Romantic period?
 
close to 100
87
Identify the group of composers who are not considered representative of the nineteenth century 
 
Telemann, Monteverdi, Corelli, Lully
88
Which art form was particularly important to composers?
 
literature 
89
What is the genre of art song, for voice and piano accompaniment, that originated in Germany...
 
Lied(er)
90
Who was considered the greatest composer of Lieder?
 
Schubert
91
The musical form of Schubert's Erlking is
 
through-composed
92
When a song features every-changing melodic and harmonic material, it is:
 
through-composed
93
Which composer moved to Leipzig, damaged his right hand, and then focused on msucial composition...
 
Robert Schumann
94
Which genre of composition consists of three, four, or five movents that together tell or depict...
 
program symphony 
95
Which genre typically precedes an opera or play and consists of a single movement that encapsulated...
 
dramatic overture 
96
Identify the genre of program music that consists of a single movement in free form 
 
symphonic poem
97
Performances of this author's plays made a deep impression on Berlioz
 
Shakespeare
98
Who was appointed music firect for Gewandhaus Orchestra in Leipzig
 
Mendelssohn 
99
What form does a concert overture use?
 
sonata 
100
This composer is known as the "poet of the piano" and considered a national hero...
 
Chopin
101
Which genre is a traditional Polish dance in triple meter with an accent on the second beat?
 
mazurka
102
Which genre of piano music suggests moonlit nights, romantic longing, and a certain painful...
 
nocturne 
103
Who is considered the greatest pianist of all time and wrote some of the most difficult works...
 
Liszt 
104
This genre is a short, one-movement composition designed to improve one or more aspects of...
 
etude 
105
The Italian term for "beautiful singing" 
 
bel canto
106
Who was the most popular opera composer of his lifetime in Europe and today his operas are...
 
Verdi
107
Identify the correct answer for "recitativo accompangnato"
 
all of the above
108
A fast concluding aria in which the increased speed of the music allows one or more soloists...
 
cabaletta 
109
Who created an operatic tradition that was distinct to Germany, and he exerted enormous influence...
 
Wagner
110
Which term did Wagner use to describe compositions for the stage?
 
music drama 
111
What is the term meaning "total art work" that describes the unification of all the...
 
Gesamtkunstwerk
112
This operatic term describes a melodic motive associated with a person, object, or idea
 
leitmotif
113
What is the typical subject matter of realistic opera
 
everyday life 
114
What popular dance is derived from the "Habanero"?
 
tango
115
Musical nationalism was expressed through
 
all of the above 
116
Who was a memeber of "The Mighty Handful" or "Russian Five" and was the...
 
Musorgsky
117
Which music came to dominate European culture during the last decades of the nineteenth century?
 
German orchestral 
118
Who first came to the public's attention in 1853 when Schumann praised him as hair to the...
 
Brahms
119
What is the term for instrumental music that is free of a text or any preexisting program?
 
absolute 
120
Who is the most prolific composer of late-nineteenth century program music, wrote in every...
 
Tchaikovsky 

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