Music 103 Exam II Study Guide

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Han Chinese
Largest and oldest Ethnic Group in China
Qin (Chin)
A Seven Stringed Chordophone (zither) from China (Means meditation, self introspection)
Instruments can be (Lutes or Zithers)
Qin Techniques
Vibrato, Portamento, Harmonics
The Moral and Ethical Code of Chinese Society inspired by Confucious
Parts of Qin Music
Sanqui (Introduction) Rudiao (Exposition) Ruman (Variation) Weisheng (Conclusion)
Qin Techniques
Virbrato, Portamento, and Harmonics
A Four Stringed Plucked Chordophone (Lute) From China
Wen (Woman)
Wen - (Feminine) Soft and Subtle Piece
Wu (Men)
Wu - (Masculine) Loud and Dramatic Piece with more strumming patterns
Jiangnan Sizhu
Jiangnan - (Region) Sizhu - (Silk and Bamboo
Chinese Musical Styles
(Beijing/Peking Opera) (Jiangju) : (Jiang-Region) (Ju-Opera)
Male in Beijing Opera
Female in Beijing Opera
Heroic Male Character
Comedic Relief
Action in Drama or Speech usually done to reflect upon something seen in Chinese Opera
Percussion Based Ensemble (Loud and Dramatic)
History of China
Quing Dyansty (1644 to 1911) ROC (Republic of China) (1912 to 1949) Kuomintang/Nationalist Party (KMT) (Taiwanese)(1949 to NOW) PRC (People's Republic of China) (Chinese communist government TODAY)
Native Taiwanese : People Who Migrated to Taiwan Before 1945 Takeover of China by Japan Mainlanders : People from the geopolitical area under the control of the PRC after 1945
Mainland Ideology (Taiwan)
The Taiwanese Government believed that the PRC was incompetent and did not understand the needs of the population of China, wanted to regain territory.
True Culture of China
Nationalist Party wanted to regain Mainland China after they were Exiled from there since they had different culture and identity
The Taiwanese Version of JingJu Opera Art Form
Shanghai Popular Song
Combines Many Styles of Music especially Western (Includes Piano and sounds like old western cartoon)
Marxist Ideology that all means of production controlled and owned by small number of people
All the world heading towards one single direction
Mongolian Music
Main Style is Overtone Singing (Throat Singing)
Morin Khuur
Mongolian Stringed Instrument (Chordophone)
The sum total of ideas, beliefs, and more surrounding a person, place or thing. A stereotype or assumption that may not always be correct
Musics of the Middle East
Music 103 Part II
Languages of the Middle East
There are many languages spoken throughout cultures throughout the middle east (ARABIC, FARSI, TURKIC, and more)
Nation with Most Muslims
Middle Eastern Sound
Monophonic Texture: One single melodic line no harmony Solo Voice Music: Virtuosic Voice Improvisation: Virtuosity and Creativity (new melodies) Ornamentation: How people ornament voices Characteristic Timbre: Quality of a sound, singers use voice...
Three Unities of Middle Eastern Music
Influence of Koranic Recitation (AVAZ) Virtuosity Music creates emotional bond between the performer and audience Suites: Collection of short memorized pieces that are combined to create performance or longer piece
Highly Esteemed Musical Characteristics
Monophonic Texture, Vocalized, Improvised, Ametric
Low Esteemed Musical Characteristics
Non-Monophonic, Instrumental, Precomposed, Metered
A form of Improvisation that is a set of rules for composing and improvising a melody
Persian Style of Music (Meter or Scale)
Arabic System (Short Melodies Used For Improvisation to create Longer Ones)
Rhythmic Mode
Repeating Pattern of Long and Short Beats (2+2+3) Opposite from Western Scale
Solo Ametric Vocal Music that is Improvised and Monophonic that focuses on Virtuosity of Performer
The way performers orient their voices in order to improvise and add variation (How Musicians Structure their music)
Short Precomposed Melodies that are used as a basis for (Dastaghs) or scale and ornamentation for improvisation
A Mix of Electronic Dance with Traditional Vocal Styles in Algeria and North Africa
Musical Attitudes in the Middle East
In the Middle East there is a common view that music can be uplifting and influential or can invoke tempation and baser instincts of man. Nations are less ambivalent to music and are welcome to ideas. Overall (Mistrust of music cultural not religious)
Influences of Music Musics of the Carribbean
Musics of the World Part III
The Forced Migration of a population from their homeland
The Identification and Association of a group in a specific homeland
People who are singled out and identified in New Countries they go to
African Diaspora
The Carribbean and Europe have a large African Diaspora due to slavery
The imperialistic spread of power and influence of Europe on nations accross the world. The imposition of laws, ideas, customs, and practices in other nations.
The combination of two cultures to create a new culture in language, religion, and society
A form of Syncretism that combines European and African identities and cultures with influences of French, English and Spanish
Transnational Practices
The Ideas, Practices, and Styles that Crosses national boundaries without a centre of power. Something spreading uncontrollably beyond national boundaries keeping connections with home.
Decimation of Individual Populations
Replacing traditional customs and values with dominant ones from Europe causing loss of Heritage and enslavement of indigineous populations in Carribbean
Syncretic Religions
Judaism, Christianity
A Band from (Cat Island) in the Bahamas drawing on many different styles of music from all around the world due to Diaspora and Colonialism (Uses Accordian, Saw, Goatskin Drums) Influenced by Industrialism and Africa
Ancient Man
A Rastafarian Singer who represents Transnationalism due to his African Roots
A Band from Trinidad and Tobago that voices political and social commentary about life in society.
This is the festival before lent that is seen as a threat by the Trinidadian authorities
Means (Creativity)
A Competition between two Calypsonians
Steel Pans
a Musical Instrument From Trinidad and Tobago
The Mighty Sparrow
A famous Calypsonian
Pattern (1+1+1)
(1+1+1) (1+1)
Pattern (1+1+1+1)(1+1+1+1) Raggaeton
Son Clave
Salsa Music Rythmn
Rumba Clave
Afro-Cuban Music
Narrative Text (improvised) Strophic Form Thoroughly Composed
Ostinato Call and Response Improvisation Lead singer with Chorus Intensified
Style of music created by Afro-Cuban Musicians associated with Carnival and was form of expression and identity. Developed during slave era in Cuba where afro-cubans wanted identity
Rumba Instruments
Percussion - (2 to 3 Congas) (Clave) (Palitos)
Chorus and Vocalists (Highly improvised, interlocking, dense overlapping texture, dynamic, and intense)
Cuban - Cinquillo Ryhtm used, Orchestra Tipica, and Charanga (Violin and Flutes)
Eastern Cuban form of music with Characteristics: (sexteto - Group of Six Musicians) (Tres - Three stringed instruments) (Marimbula - Like large mbira (Bongo - Drums) (Claves - Sticks) (Maracas - Rattles)
Seven Musicans in a band with trumpet added Canto/Montuno
Style of Music that becomes internationally popular (Canto becomes shorter and less frequent) (Montuno becomes longer and more frequent)
Very Dense Layers with Chorus Accompaniment (Latin Dance of Cuba)
A sub-genre of Cuban Rumba, a complex music and dance style
U Tin Ye
The Burmese Artist U Tin Yi draws mainly on Western Classical Music and Burmese Vocal Music on his performance
World Beat
A Mix of Ethnic Musical Styles from around the world with Western Popular Music
World Music
A Category that includes many different styles and genres of music from all around the world
This is the tradition of representing the differences in other cultures understood through a western lens. Viewing another culture with preconcieved notions that creates a steretype which could be inaccurate
A company that records folk and traditional music
A CD that was believed to be copyrighted and inauthentic

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