Music 103 Exam II Study Guide

Created Nov 13, 2012
by farhan1378258
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Han Chinese
Largest and oldest Ethnic Group in China
Qin (Chin)
A Seven Stringed Chordophone (zither) from China (Means meditation, self introspection)  
Chordophones
Instruments can be (Lutes or Zithers)
Qin Techniques
Vibrato, Portamento, Harmonics
Confucianism
The Moral and Ethical Code of Chinese Society inspired by Confucious 
Parts of Qin Music
Sanqui  (Introduction) Rudiao  (Exposition) Ruman  (Variation) Weisheng (Conclusion)
Qin Techniques
Virbrato, Portamento, and Harmonics
Pipa
A Four Stringed Plucked Chordophone (Lute) From China
Wen (Woman)
Wen - (Feminine) Soft and Subtle Piece
Wu (Men)
Wu - (Masculine) Loud and Dramatic Piece with more strumming patterns
Jiangnan Sizhu
Jiangnan - (Region) Sizhu - (Silk and Bamboo
Chinese Musical Styles
(Beijing/Peking Opera) (Jiangju) : (Jiang-Region) (Ju-Opera)
Sheng
Male in Beijing Opera
Dan
Female in Beijing Opera
Jing
Heroic Male Character
Chou
Comedic Relief
Aria
Action in Drama or Speech usually done to reflect upon something seen in Chinese Opera
Wuchung
Percussion Based Ensemble (Loud and Dramatic)
History of China
Quing Dyansty (1644 to 1911) ROC (Republic of China) (1912 to 1949) Kuomintang/Nationalist...
Taiwan
Native Taiwanese : People Who Migrated to Taiwan Before 1945 Takeover of China by Japan Mainlanders...
Mainland Ideology (Taiwan)
The Taiwanese Government believed that the PRC was incompetent and did not understand the needs...
True Culture of China
Nationalist Party wanted to regain Mainland China after they were Exiled from there since they...
Gouju
The Taiwanese Version of JingJu Opera Art Form
Shanghai Popular Song
Combines Many Styles of Music especially Western (Includes Piano and sounds like old western...
Internationale
Marxist Ideology that all means of production controlled and owned by small number of people
Teleology
All the world heading towards one single direction
Mongolian Music 
Main Style is Overtone Singing (Throat Singing)
Morin Khuur
Mongolian Stringed Instrument (Chordophone)
Discourse
The sum total of ideas, beliefs, and more surrounding a person, place or thing. A stereotype...
Musics of the Middle East
Music 103 Part II
Languages of the Middle East
There are many languages spoken throughout cultures throughout the middle east  (ARABIC,...
Nation with Most Muslims
Indonesia
Middle Eastern Sound
Monophonic Texture: One single melodic line no harmony Solo Voice Music: Virtuosic Voice Improvisation:...
Three Unities of Middle Eastern Music
Influence of Koranic Recitation (AVAZ) Virtuosity Music creates emotional bond between the performer...
Highly Esteemed Musical Characteristics
Monophonic Texture, Vocalized, Improvised, Ametric
Low Esteemed Musical Characteristics
Non-Monophonic, Instrumental, Precomposed, Metered
Mode 
A form of Improvisation that is a set of rules for composing and improvising a melody
Dastagh
Persian Style of Music (Meter or Scale)
Maqam
Arabic System (Short Melodies Used For Improvisation to create Longer Ones)
Rhythmic Mode
Repeating Pattern of Long and Short Beats (2+2+3) Opposite from Western Scale 
AVAZ
Solo Ametric Vocal Music that is Improvised and Monophonic that focuses on Virtuosity of Performer
Ornamentation
The way performers orient their voices in order to improvise and add variation (How Musicians...
RADIF
Short Precomposed Melodies that are used as a basis for (Dastaghs) or scale and ornamentation...
RAI
A Mix of Electronic Dance with Traditional Vocal Styles in  Algeria and North Africa
Musical Attitudes in the Middle East
In the Middle East there is a common view that music can be uplifting and influential or can...
Influences of Music Musics of the Carribbean
Musics of the World Part III
Diaspora
The Forced Migration of a population from their homeland
Nationalism
The Identification and Association of a group in a specific homeland 
Distinction
People who are singled out and identified in New Countries they go to 
African Diaspora
The Carribbean and Europe have a large African Diaspora due to slavery 
Colonialism
The imperialistic spread of power and influence of Europe on nations accross the world. The...
Syncretism
The combination of two cultures to create a new culture in language, religion, and society
Creolization
A form of Syncretism that combines European and African identities and cultures with influences...
Transnational Practices
The Ideas, Practices, and Styles that Crosses national boundaries without a centre of power....
Decimation of Individual Populations
Replacing traditional customs and values with dominant ones from Europe causing loss of Heritage...
Syncretic Religions
Judaism, Christianity
RAKE N' SCRAPE
A Band from (Cat Island) in the Bahamas drawing on many different styles of music from all...
Ancient Man
A Rastafarian Singer who represents Transnationalism due to his African Roots
TUBS SYSTEM
TIME UNIT BOX SYSTEM
Calypso
A Band from Trinidad and Tobago that voices political and social commentary about life in society. 
Carnival
This is the festival before lent that is seen as a threat by the Trinidadian authorities
Kumba
Means (Creativity) 
Picony
A Competition between two Calypsonians
Steel Pans
a Musical Instrument From Trinidad and Tobago
The Mighty Sparrow
A famous Calypsonian
Tresillo
Pattern (1+1+1)
Cinquillo
(1+1+1) (1+1)
Habanera
Pattern (1+1+1+1)(1+1+1+1) Raggaeton
Son Clave
Salsa Music Rythmn
Rumba Clave
Afro-Cuban Music
Canto
Narrative Text (improvised) Strophic Form Thoroughly Composed 
Montuno
Ostinato Call and Response Improvisation Lead singer with Chorus Intensified
Rumba
Style of music created by Afro-Cuban Musicians associated with Carnival and was form of expression...
Rumba Instruments
Percussion - (2 to 3 Congas)                  ...
Vocal 
Chorus and Vocalists (Highly improvised, interlocking, dense overlapping texture, dynamic,...
Danzon
Cuban - Cinquillo Ryhtm used, Orchestra Tipica, and Charanga (Violin and Flutes)
Son
Eastern Cuban form of music with Characteristics: (sexteto - Group of Six Musicians) (Tres...
Septeto
Seven Musicans in a band with trumpet added  Canto/Montuno
Conjunto
Style of Music that becomes internationally popular  (Canto becomes shorter and less frequent) (Montuno...
Mambo
Very Dense Layers with Chorus Accompaniment (Latin Dance of Cuba)
Guaguanco
A sub-genre of Cuban Rumba, a complex music and dance style
U Tin Ye
 The Burmese Artist U Tin Yi draws mainly on Western Classical Music and Burmese Vocal...
World Beat
A Mix of Ethnic Musical Styles from around the world with Western Popular Music 
World Music 
A Category that includes many different styles and genres of music from all around the world
Exoticism
This is the tradition of representing the differences in other cultures understood through...
Shanachie
A company that records folk and traditional music 
Earthlan
A CD that was believed to be copyrighted and inauthentic

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