Music 103 Exam II Study Guide

Music 103 Exam II Study Guide
  
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Han Chinese
 
Largest and oldest Ethnic Group in China
Qin (Chin)
 
A Seven Stringed Chordophone (zither) from China (Means meditation, self introspection)
Chordophones
 
Instruments can be (Lutes or Zithers)
Qin Techniques
 
Vibrato, Portamento, Harmonics
Confucianism
 
The Moral and Ethical Code of Chinese Society inspired by Confucious
Parts of Qin Music
 
Sanqui (Introduction)
Rudiao (Exposition)
Ruman (Variation)
Weisheng (Conclusion)
Qin Techniques
 
Virbrato, Portamento, and Harmonics
Pipa
 
A Four Stringed Plucked Chordophone (Lute) From China
Wen (Woman)
 
Wen - (Feminine) Soft and Subtle Piece
Wu (Men)
 
Wu - (Masculine) Loud and Dramatic Piece with more strumming patterns
Jiangnan Sizhu
 
Jiangnan - (Region)
Sizhu - (Silk and Bamboo
Chinese Musical Styles
 
(Beijing/Peking Opera)

(Jiangju) : (Jiang-Region) (Ju-Opera)
Sheng
 
Male in Beijing Opera
Dan
 
Female in Beijing Opera
Jing
 
Heroic Male Character
Chou
 
Comedic Relief
Aria
 
Action in Drama or Speech usually done to reflect upon something seen in Chinese Opera
Wuchung
 
Percussion Based Ensemble (Loud and Dramatic)
History of China
 
Quing Dyansty (1644 to 1911)

ROC (Republic of China) (1912 to 1949)

Kuomintang/Nationalist Party (KMT) (Taiwanese)(1949 to NOW)

PRC (People's Republic of China)
(Chinese communist government TODAY)

Taiwan
 
Native Taiwanese : People Who Migrated to Taiwan Before 1945 Takeover of China by Japan
Mainlanders : People from the geopolitical area under the control of the PRC after 1945
Mainland Ideology (Taiwan)
 
The Taiwanese Government believed that the PRC was incompetent and did not understand the needs of the population of China, wanted to regain territory.
True Culture of China
 
Nationalist Party wanted to regain Mainland China after they were Exiled from there since they had different culture and identity
Gouju
 
The Taiwanese Version of JingJu Opera Art Form
Shanghai Popular Song
 
Combines Many Styles of Music especially Western (Includes Piano and sounds like old western cartoon)
Internationale
 
Marxist Ideology that all means of production controlled and owned by small number of people
Teleology
 
All the world heading towards one single direction
Mongolian Music
 
Main Style is Overtone Singing (Throat Singing)
Morin Khuur
 
Mongolian Stringed Instrument (Chordophone)
Discourse
 
The sum total of ideas, beliefs, and more surrounding a person, place or thing. A stereotype or assumption that may not always be correct
Musics of the Middle East
 
Music 103 Part II
Languages of the Middle East
 
There are many languages spoken throughout cultures throughout the middle east
(ARABIC, FARSI, TURKIC, and more)
Nation with Most Muslims
 
Indonesia
Middle Eastern Sound
 
Monophonic Texture: One single melodic line no harmony
Solo Voice Music: Virtuosic Voice
Improvisation: Virtuosity and Creativity (new melodies)
Ornamentation: How people ornament voices
Characteristic Timbre: Quality of a sound, singers use voice in unfamiliar tone
Three Unities of Middle Eastern Music
 
Influence of Koranic Recitation (AVAZ) Virtuosity

Music creates emotional bond between the
performer and audience

Suites: Collection of short memorized pieces that are combined to create performance or longer piece

Highly Esteemed Musical Characteristics
 
Monophonic Texture, Vocalized, Improvised, Ametric
Low Esteemed Musical Characteristics
 
Non-Monophonic, Instrumental, Precomposed, Metered
Mode
 
A form of Improvisation that is a set of rules for composing and improvising a melody
Dastagh
 
Persian Style of Music (Meter or Scale)
Maqam
 
Arabic System (Short Melodies Used For Improvisation to create Longer Ones)
Rhythmic Mode
 
Repeating Pattern of Long and Short Beats (2+2+3)
Opposite from Western Scale
AVAZ
 
Solo Ametric Vocal Music that is Improvised and Monophonic that focuses on Virtuosity of Performer
Ornamentation
 
The way performers orient their voices in order to improvise and add variation (How Musicians Structure their music)
RADIF
 
Short Precomposed Melodies that are used as a basis for (Dastaghs) or scale and ornamentation for improvisation
RAI
 
A Mix of Electronic Dance with Traditional Vocal Styles in Algeria and North Africa
Musical Attitudes in the Middle East
 
In the Middle East there is a common view that music can be uplifting and influential or can invoke tempation and baser instincts of man. Nations are less ambivalent to music and are welcome to ideas.
Overall (Mistrust of music cultural not religious)
Influences of Music
Musics of the Carribbean
 
Musics of the World Part III
Diaspora
 
The Forced Migration of a population from their homeland
Nationalism
 
The Identification and Association of a group in a specific homeland
Distinction
 
People who are singled out and identified in New Countries they go to
African Diaspora
 
The Carribbean and Europe have a large African Diaspora due to slavery
Colonialism
 
The imperialistic spread of power and influence of Europe on nations accross the world. The imposition of laws, ideas, customs, and practices in other nations.
Syncretism
 
The combination of two cultures to create a new culture in language, religion, and society
Creolization
 
A form of Syncretism that combines European and African identities and cultures with influences of French, English and Spanish
Transnational Practices
 
The Ideas, Practices, and Styles that Crosses national boundaries without a centre of power. Something spreading uncontrollably beyond national boundaries keeping connections with home.
Decimation of Individual Populations
 
Replacing traditional customs and values with dominant ones from Europe causing loss of Heritage and enslavement of indigineous populations in Carribbean
Syncretic Religions
 
Judaism, Christianity
RAKE N' SCRAPE
 
A Band from (Cat Island) in the Bahamas drawing on many different styles of music from all around the world due to Diaspora and Colonialism (Uses Accordian, Saw, Goatskin Drums) Influenced by Industrialism and Africa
Ancient Man
 
A Rastafarian Singer who represents Transnationalism due to his African Roots
TUBS SYSTEM
 
TIME UNIT BOX SYSTEM
Calypso
 
A Band from Trinidad and Tobago that voices political and social commentary about life in society.
Carnival
 
This is the festival before lent that is seen as a threat by the Trinidadian authorities
Kumba
 
Means (Creativity)
Picony
 
A Competition between two Calypsonians
Steel Pans
 
a Musical Instrument From Trinidad and Tobago
The Mighty Sparrow
 
A famous Calypsonian
Tresillo
 
Pattern (1+1+1)
Cinquillo
 
(1+1+1) (1+1)
Habanera
 
Pattern (1+1+1+1)(1+1+1+1) Raggaeton
Son Clave
 
Salsa Music Rythmn
Rumba Clave
 
Afro-Cuban Music
Canto
 
Narrative Text (improvised)
Strophic Form
Thoroughly Composed
Montuno
 
Ostinato
Call and Response
Improvisation
Lead singer with Chorus
Intensified
Rumba
 
Style of music created by Afro-Cuban Musicians associated with Carnival and was form of expression and identity. Developed during slave era in Cuba where afro-cubans wanted identity
Rumba Instruments
 
Percussion - (2 to 3 Congas)
(Clave)
(Palitos)


Vocal
 
Chorus and Vocalists (Highly improvised, interlocking, dense overlapping texture, dynamic, and intense)
Danzon
 
Cuban - Cinquillo Ryhtm used, Orchestra Tipica, and Charanga (Violin and Flutes)
Son
 
Eastern Cuban form of music with Characteristics:
(sexteto - Group of Six Musicians)
(Tres - Three stringed instruments)
(Marimbula - Like large mbira
(Bongo - Drums)
(Claves - Sticks)
(Maracas - Rattles)
Septeto
 
Seven Musicans in a band with trumpet added
Canto/Montuno
Conjunto
 
Style of Music that becomes internationally popular
(Canto becomes shorter and less frequent)
(Montuno becomes longer and more frequent)
Mambo
 
Very Dense Layers with Chorus Accompaniment (Latin Dance of Cuba)
Guaguanco
 
A sub-genre of Cuban Rumba, a complex music and dance style
U Tin Ye
 
The Burmese Artist U Tin Yi draws mainly on Western Classical Music and Burmese Vocal Music on his performance
World Beat
 
A Mix of Ethnic Musical Styles from around the world with Western Popular Music
World Music
 
A Category that includes many different styles and genres of music from all around the world
Exoticism
 
This is the tradition of representing the differences in other cultures understood through a western lens. Viewing another culture with preconcieved notions that creates a steretype which could be inaccurate
Shanachie
 
A company that records folk and traditional music
Earthlan
 
A CD that was believed to be copyrighted and inauthentic

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