MT CHAPTER 2 BODY STRUCTURE AND DIRECTIONAL TERMINOLOGY

67 cards

HUMAN BODY SY STEMS OR


 
  
Created Aug 9, 2009
by
pshrum

 

 
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1
Cell Membrane
 
thin outer wall that encloses the cell contents
2
Cytoplasm
 
holds the organelles of the cell
3
Lysosome
 
Organelle that serves a digestive function for the cell
4
Ribosome
 
site of protein formation; contains RNA
5
Mitochondrion
 
converts netrients to energy in presence of oxygen
6
Nucleus
 
control center of cell; contains DNA, which carries genetic information
7
Antrum
 
any nearly closed cavity or chamber
8
Apex
 
the pointed extremith of a conical structure such as the heart
9
Body
 
the largest or most important part of an organ
10
Fornix
 
any vaultlike or arched body
11
Fundus
 
base or deeptes part of a hollow organ that is farthest from the mouth of the organ
12
Hilum
 
recess, exit, or entrance of a duct into a gland or of nerves and vessels into an organ
13
Lumen
 
Space within an artery, vein, intestine, or tube
14
Sinus
 
cavity or channel in bone, a dilated channel for blood, or cavity to permjit the escape of...
15
Vestibule
 
small space or cavity at the beginning of a canal
16
antr/o
 
antrum
17
apic/o
 
apex
18
hem/o
 
blood
19
hemat/o
 
blood
20

som/o

somat/o

 
body
21

oste/o

osse/o

 
bone
22
cyt/o
 
cell
23
lys/o
 
dissolve
24
epitheli/o
 
epithelium
25
adip/o
 
fat
26
fornic/o
 

fornix

 

vault like arcy

27
fund/o
 

fundus

 

base or deepest part of an organ

28
myocardi/o
 
heart muscle
29
lumin/o
 
lumen
30
my/o
 
muscle
31
neur/o
 
nerve
32
thel/o
 
nipple
33
kay/o
 
nucleus
34
nucle/o
 
nucleus
35
organ/o
 
organ
36
viscer/o
 
organ, viscera
37
rib/o
 

ribose

 

organic compound that occures widely in nature

38
home/o
 
sameness
39

sin/o

sinus/o

 
sinus, cavity
40
rhabdomy/o
 
skeletal muscle
41
leiomy/o
 
smooth muscle
42
system/o
 
system
43
hist/o
 
tissue
44
bol/o
 
to cast
45
vestibul/o
 
vestibul
46
ana-
 
up, apart
47
cata-
 
down
48
dis-
 
bad, difficult
49
endo-
 
within
50
epi-
 
above
51
mal-
 
bad, ill
52
meta-
 
change, beyound
53
para-
 
near, beside
54

-ia

-ism

 
condition
55

-ium

-um

 
structure
56
-plasm
 
formation
57
-stasis
 
controlling
58
-us
 
noun ending
59
cyst/o
 
bladder
60
vesic/o
 
bladder
61
myel/o
 
bone marrow, spinal cord
62
nephr/o
 
kidney
63
ren/o
 
kidney
64
onych/o
 
nail
65
ungu/o
 
nail
66
oophor
 
ovary
67
enter/o
 
small intestine

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