MT CHAPTER 2 BODY STRUCTURE AND DIRECTIONAL TERMINOLOGY

MT CHAPTER 2 BODY STRUCTURE AND DIRECTIONAL TERMINOLOGY HUMAN BODY SY STEMS OR
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Cell Membrane
 
thin outer wall that encloses the cell contents
Cytoplasm
 
holds the organelles of the cell
Lysosome
 
Organelle that serves a digestive function for the cell
Ribosome
 
site of protein formation; contains RNA
Mitochondrion
 
converts netrients to energy in presence of oxygen
Nucleus
 
control center of cell; contains DNA, which carries genetic information
Antrum
 
any nearly closed cavity or chamber
Apex
 
the pointed extremith of a conical structure such as the heart
Body
 
the largest or most important part of an organ
Fornix
 
any vaultlike or arched body
Fundus
 
base or deeptes part of a hollow organ that is farthest from the mouth of the organ
Hilum
 
recess, exit, or entrance of a duct into a gland or of nerves and vessels into an organ
Lumen
 
Space within an artery, vein, intestine, or tube
Sinus
 
cavity or channel in bone, a dilated channel for blood, or cavity to permjit the escape of purulent material
Vestibule
 
small space or cavity at the beginning of a canal
antr/o
 
antrum
apic/o
 
apex
hem/o
 
blood
hemat/o
 
blood
som/o somat/o
 
body
oste/o osse/o
 
bone
cyt/o
 
cell
lys/o
 
dissolve
epitheli/o
 
epithelium
adip/o
 
fat
fornic/o
 
fornix vault like arcy
fund/o
 
fundus base or deepest part of an organ
myocardi/o
 
heart muscle
lumin/o
 
lumen
my/o
 
muscle
neur/o
 
nerve
thel/o
 
nipple
kay/o
 
nucleus
nucle/o
 
nucleus
organ/o
 
organ
viscer/o
 
organ, viscera
rib/o
 
ribose organic compound that occures widely in nature
home/o
 
sameness
sin/o sinus/o
 
sinus, cavity
rhabdomy/o
 
skeletal muscle
leiomy/o
 
smooth muscle
system/o
 
system
hist/o
 
tissue
bol/o
 
to cast
vestibul/o
 
vestibul
ana-
 
up, apart
cata-
 
down
dis-
 
bad, difficult
endo-
 
within
epi-
 
above
mal-
 
bad, ill
meta-
 
change, beyound
para-
 
near, beside
-ia -ism
 
condition
-ium -um
 
structure
-plasm
 
formation
-stasis
 
controlling
-us
 
noun ending
cyst/o
 
bladder
vesic/o
 
bladder
myel/o
 
bone marrow, spinal cord
nephr/o
 
kidney
ren/o
 
kidney
onych/o
 
nail
ungu/o
 
nail
oophor
 
ovary
enter/o
 
small intestine
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