MT CHAPTER 2 BODY STRUCTURE AND DIRECTIONAL TERMINOLOGY

HUMAN BODY SY STEMS OR
  
Created Aug 9, 2009
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Side ASide B
Cell Membrane
thin outer wall that encloses the cell contents
Cytoplasm
holds the organelles of the cell
Lysosome
Organelle that serves a digestive function for the cell
Ribosome
site of protein formation; contains RNA
Mitochondrion
converts netrients to energy in presence of oxygen
Nucleus
control center of cell; contains DNA, which carries genetic information
Antrum
any nearly closed cavity or chamber
Apex
the pointed extremith of a conical structure such as the heart
Body
the largest or most important part of an organ
Fornix
any vaultlike or arched body
Fundus
base or deeptes part of a hollow organ that is farthest from the mouth of the organ
Hilum
recess, exit, or entrance of a duct into a gland or of nerves and vessels into an organ
Lumen
Space within an artery, vein, intestine, or tube
Sinus
cavity or channel in bone, a dilated channel for blood, or cavity to permjit the escape of...
Vestibule
small space or cavity at the beginning of a canal
antr/o
antrum
apic/o
apex
hem/o
blood
hemat/o
blood
som/o somat/o
body
oste/o osse/o
bone
cyt/o
cell
lys/o
dissolve
epitheli/o
epithelium
adip/o
fat
fornic/o
fornix   vault like arcy
fund/o
fundus   base or deepest part of an organ
myocardi/o
heart muscle
lumin/o
lumen
my/o
muscle
neur/o
nerve
thel/o
nipple
kay/o
nucleus
nucle/o
nucleus
organ/o
organ
viscer/o
organ, viscera
rib/o
ribose   organic compound that occures widely in nature
home/o
sameness
sin/o sinus/o
sinus, cavity
rhabdomy/o
skeletal muscle
leiomy/o
smooth muscle
system/o
system
hist/o
tissue
bol/o
to cast
vestibul/o
vestibul
ana-
up, apart
cata-
down
dis-
bad, difficult
endo-
within
epi-
above
mal-
bad, ill
meta-
change, beyound
para-
near, beside
-ia -ism
condition
-ium -um
structure
-plasm
formation
-stasis
controlling
-us
noun ending
cyst/o
bladder
vesic/o
bladder
myel/o
bone marrow, spinal cord
nephr/o
kidney
ren/o
kidney
onych/o
nail
ungu/o
nail
oophor
ovary
enter/o
small intestine


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