Clinical Psychology

EPPP Clinical Psychology

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Side ASide B
Research on EMDR has found that its effects are attributable to _______________.
Imaginal exposure (exposure to the feared stimulus).
In which type of therapy does the therapist become the third member of a therapeutic triangle?
Bowen's Extended Family Systems Therapy
Piaget's Concrete Operational stage is characteristic of children age ___ to ___yo.
7 to 11
In Freudian Psychoanalysis, the goal of confrontation is to __________.
help the client see a behavior in a new way
A client-centered therapist would most likely respond to transference by ____________.
disregarding it.
There is ________ variability among older people than younger people on a range of characteristics
According to Helm's a "crossed relationship" occurs when
the counselor and client have opposing racial attitudes about whites and blacks
Nonsexist therapy focuses on __________ by using _________ techniques.
personal growth unbiased
Which type of therapy has the perspective that people are biologically prone to the acquisition...
Ellis's Rational Emotive Therapy
Smith and Glass were the first to apply _________ to psychological research.
Describe the 3 structures in Freud's structural theory of personality.
id: primal, libinal urges ego: reality-based, attempts to delay id's drives, modulates the...
What are the techniques used in Freudian psychoanalysis?
confrontation, clarification, interpretation, and working through
________ involves making statements that help the client see his or her behavior in a new way.
_______ involves restating the client's words and feelings in clearer terms.
________ involves connecting current behavior to unconscious processes.
_______ is the emotional release achieved through recalling unconscious material.
A client is said to have ________ when he understands the relationship between his current...
The final and longest stage of psychoanalysis, ________, involves assimilation of the new insights...
working through
In contrast to Freud, Adler believed that behavior is motivated by _______ ________ _________.
conscious, future goals
Adler distinguished between a health and unhealthy _______ which impact the way an individual...
style of life
Adler believed that the characteristic necessary for a health style of life was ___________.
social interest
Jung believed that the unconsious is comprised of the _______ and the _________ unconscious.
personal, collective
Jung believed that the collective unconscious contained ________ which represent models of...
Jung was most interested in development at what age?
after age 30
Jung used this term, which is the main goal of therapy, to refer to the process of integrating...
What was Jung's view of transference?
Jung believed transference to be the projection of the collective and personal unconscious
Object relations theorists consider _____ to be a basic inborn drive.
object-seeking (seeking relationships with others)
Margaret Mahler referred to a child's struggle between dependence and independence as the _________...
The resolution of the separation-individuation phase is object ________, which occurs around...
Carl Roger's is known for ________ therapy, which falls into the category of _________ therapies.
person-centered, humanistic
Roger believed that _________ was innate and the primary motivator.
a person's desire for self-actualization
According to Roger, the self becomes disorganized as a result of incongruence between _______...
self, experience
Roger believed that experiencing ____________ often led to this incongruence (between self...
conditions of worth
Evaluations of any kind, positive or negative represent _________.
conditions of worth
What are the 3 facilitative conditions in Roger's person-centered therapy?
unconditional positive regard empathy genuiness/authenticity
According to Gestalt therapist Fritz Perls, the personality consists of the _____ and the _________.
self self-image
List and define the 4 major boundary disturbance of Gestalt therapy.
introjection: "swallows"/accepts without understanding or assimilating projection: disowning...
What is considered the primary curative factor in Gestalt therapy?
awareness (of one's present thoughts, feelings, and actions)
What is the most important tool in Existential therapy?
the client-therapist relationship
List the innate needs identified by William Glasser's Reality Therapy.
survival belonging power freedom fun  
Define's Glasser's Success Identity and Failure Identity.
A Success Identity involves getting your needs met in a responsible way which does not infringe...
What was Glasser's view of transference?
Glasser viewed transference as detrimental to therapy.
Interpersonal Therapy (IPT) was originally developed to treat:
major depression
What are the 4 problem areas identified by IPT which contribute to interpersonal functioning?
grief interpersonal role disputes role transitions interpersonal deficits
What are 3 types of questions commonly asked of clients in Solution-Focused Therapy?
Miracle questions Exception questions Scaling questions
List and define the 5 stages of change in Prochaska and DiClemente's Transtheoretical Model...
pre-contemplation: not aware of problem, no intention of changing contemplation: aware of...
Motivational Interviewing combines the Transtheoretical Model and Roger's __________.
client-centered approach
Describe the difference between symmetrical and complimentary communications.
symmetrical communication exists between 2 people of equal power in the relationship,...
Extended Family Systems Therapy is associated with which therapist?
Murray Bowen
Define the Bowenian term "differentiation".
Differentiation in Extended Family Systems Therapy refers to the extent to which family members'...
Define Bowen's term, Emotional Triangle.
An Emotional Triangle occurs when a relationship between 2 people is stressed and they recruit...
Define Bowen's Multigenerational Transmission Process.
Bowen believed that lower levels of differentiation get passed down through the generations. ...
According to Bowen, what is the primary goal of therapy?
to increase family member's levels of differentiation
What is the focus of Minuchin's Structural Family therapy?
the boundaries between family members (remember structure = boundary)
Name and define the 3 types of boundary disturbances (aka rigid triads) in Structural Family...
Detouring: parents overprotect or blame child for family's problems Stable coalition: parent...
What is the main objective in Structural Famly Therapy?
to restructure the family, this is achieved by unbalancing the system via enactment and reframing
Is Minuchin's Structural Family therapy primarily an insight-oriented or behavioral approach?
behavioral, Minuchin believed that action precedes understanding
What are some of the major differences between Extended Family Systems therapy and Structural...
In Extended Family Systems therapy the therapist remains neutral and objective, whereas in...
What issue is emphasized in Jay Haley's Strategic Family therapy?
According to Haley, what is the basis of common family communication problems?
struggles for control
Did Haley believe that insight was necessary for change?
no, he actually felt that insight was counterproductive since it could create resistance to...
The first session of Strategic Family therapy is highly structured, what are the 4 stages?
social stage problem stage interaction stage goal-setting stage
Name the major "strategies"/techniques used in Strategic Family therapy.
directives paradoxical interventions ordeals restraining positioning (exaggerating the...
What unique therapeutic technique is used in Milan Sytemic Family therapy?
a therapeutic team is used, 1 or 2 conduct the therapy and the rest watch behind a one-way...
What are some of the commonly used therapeutic techniques in Milan Systemic Family therapy?
hypothesizing neutrality paradox circular questions
Research has found which factors of group therapy to be rated as most important by group members?
interpersonal input catharsis self-understanding cohesiveness
What are the frequently cited presenting problems by crisis intervention centers?
In order starting with most frequent: depression substance abuse suicide attempt marital...
Which group represent the most frequent callers to suicide prevention lines?
young white females
List and define the 3 types of prevention.
primary prevention: aimed at preventing medical and mental disorders in general groups...
How does the Health Belief Model propose to impact patient's health behaviors?
by increasing their personal responsability and control
What is the focus of consultee-centered case consultation?
The consultee, specifically their skills in working with particular groups or types of problems.
What is theme interference?
Theme interference is a type of transference that can effect objectivity with a particular...
According to Sue and Sue what type of locus of control and locus of responsbility do members...
internal locus of control-internal locus of responsbility
According to Sue and Sue what type of locus of control and locus of responsbility do members...
internal locus of control-external locus of responsbility (a realistic perception of the barriers...
What was Eysenck's (1952) conclusion about the effectiveness of therapy?
Eysenck reviewed 24 outcome studies and concluded that therapy had little impact (and...
What was the basis of claims that Eysenck's results were flawed?
Eysenck's used flawed methodology, non-equivalent control and tx groups and "control" group...
What was the results of the meta-analysis about therapy outcomes conducted by Smith, Glass,...
They calculated an effect size of .85 across 475 studies; 80% of those in tx had better outcomes...
Describe the "dose-dependent effect" found by Howard et al in regards to therapy outcome.
Howard found that outcomes level off around 26 session with 75% of clts showing measurable...
What are the pros and cons of efficacy studies?
Efficacy studies are clinical trials with tight control over procedures, which maximizes the...
What are the pros and cons of effectiveness studies?
Effectiveness studies evaluate treatment as usual .  Therefore, it is difficult to isolate...
Names the stages in Helm's White Racial Identity Development Model.
Contact Disintegration Reintegration Pseudo-independence Immersion-emersion Autonomy [cats...
What are the stage's of Atkinson, Morten, and Sue's Racial Identitiy Development model?
Conformity Dissonance Resistance and Immersion Introspection Integrative Awareness
What are the stages of Cross's Black Racial (Nigrescence) Identity Development Model?
Preencounter Encounter Immersion/Emersion Internalization/Commitment

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