Module 6 - Body Systems - Endocrine System


Combining Forms And Terminology Used For The Endocrine System.
  
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Adren/o
 
Adrenal Gland
Adrenal/o
 
Adrenal Gland
Hypophys/o
 
Pituitary Gland
Oophor/o
 
Ovary
Ovari/o
 
Ovary
Orch/o
 
Testis
Orchi/o
 
Testis
Orchid/o
 
Testis
Pancreat/o
 
Pancreas
Parathyroid/o
 
Parathyroid Gland
Pituitar/o
 
Pituitary Gland
Thym/o
 
Thymus Gland
Thyroaden/o
 
Thyroid Gland
Thyroid/o
 
Thyroid Gland
Thyroid Gland
 
Produces hormones that stimulate metabolism and enery
Parathyroid Gland
 
Maintains proper levels of calcium in blood and bones
Pituitary Gland
 
Regulates other organs and other endocrine glands
Pancreas
 
Gland the produces digestive juices and insulin
Gallbladder
 
Sac that stores bile and delivers it to the small intestines
Liver
 
Organ that produces bile, stores sugar and produces blood-clotting proteins
Bile
 
Breaks up lare fat globules and helps with the digestion of fat
Insulin
 
Allows sugar to leave the blood and enter the body cells
Thymus Gland
 
Aids the immune system by stimulating the production of white blood cells
Adrenal Glands
 
Produce Adrenalin and hydrocortisone
Adrenopathy
 
Disease condition of the Adrenal Glands
Adrenalectomy
 
Removing of the Adrenal Glands
Hypophseal
 
Pertaining to the Pituritary Gland
Oophoritis
 
Inflammation of the Ovaries
Ovarian Cyst
 
Pertaining to a cyst on the ovary
Orchitis
 
Inflammation of the testis
Orchiopexy
 
Surgical fixation of an undescended testicle
Orchidectomy
 
Removal of the testis
Pancreatectomy
 
Removal of the pancreas
Hyperparathyroidism
 
Increased secretion of parathyroid hormone
Hypopituitarism
 
Condition of underactive Pituitary Gland
Thymoma
 
Tumor of the Thymus Gland
Thyroadenitis
 
Inflammation of the Thyroid Gland
Thyroidectomey
 
Removal of the Thyroid Gland
Acromegaly
 
Enlargement of extremities caused by hypersecretion from the anterior portion of the pituitary gland after puberty
Cushing Syndrome
 
A group of clinical features produced by excess secretion of cortisol for the adrenal cortex. These signs and systems include obesity, moonlike facies (fullness of the face), hyperglycemia and osteoporosis.
Diabetes Mellitus
 
A disorder of the pancreas that causes an increase in blood glucose leve
ls.
Goiter
 
Enlargement of the thyroid gland
Thyroid Scan
 
Radioactive compund, injected intravenously, localizes in the thyroid gland; images are produced
Exophthalmometry
 
Measures Eyeball protrusion
Fasting Blood Sugar
 
Measures blood glucose levels
Thyroid Function Test
 
Measures T3, T4 and TSH levels in the blood
CT Scan
 
Cross-sectional x-ray images of endocrine organs
Serum and Urine Tests
 
Measures hormones, electrolytes, and sugar in blood and urine
Radioactive Iodine Uptake
 
Measures localization of an element necessary for making thyroid hormone

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