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Side ASide B
A request by the losing party in a lawsuit that the judgement be reviewed by a higher court.
Refers to the "judge-made" law. Recognized by a community.
A prior judicial decision that serves as an example or rule to authorize or justify.
A application for a rule or order, made to a court or judge.
The complaining party to the litigation; one who initiates the court-action.
In a civil case, the person being sued. In a criminal case, the person being charged.
Standard of Proof
The amount of evidence which a plaintiff must present in a trial in order to win.
"To speak the truth." An attorney can challenge a juror "for cause" if that person says or expresses a bias against the attorney's case.
Guards against unreasonable searches and seizures.
Preponderance of Evidence
Based on the more convincing evidence and its probable truth or accuracy, and not on the amount of evidence
A lawsuit brought by a prosecutor that charges a person with the commission of a crime.
A noncriminal lawsuit, usually involving private property rights.
Law based on previous decisions of appellate courts, particularly the Supreme Court.
A civil wrong, for which the court will provide a remedy in the form of an action for damages.
The process of resolving a dispute over legal rights in court.
The means adopted to bring a supposed offender to justice and punishment by due course of law.
A rule of evidence that disallows the use of illegally obtained evidence in criminal trials.
Right to a public trial, right to have attorney's, right to confront witness face to face, right to jury.
Burden of Proof
Deals with which side must prove what points.
The level of certainty a juror must have to find a defendant guilty of a crime.
"Reasonable expectation of privacy"
Expectation that what one does or says will not be seen or heard by someone else.