MGMT 363 - Chapter 6 - Motivatio

39 cards

Business


 
  
Created Feb 26, 2011
by
elight725

 

 
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1
motivation
 
a set of energetic forces that originates both within and outside an employee, initiates work...
2
engagement
 
high levels of intensity and persistence in work effort

employees who are engaged completely...
3
expectancy theory
 
the cognitive process that employees go through to make choices among different voluntary responses. ...
4
3 things that the expectancy theory says choices depend on
 
1) expectancy
2) instrumentality
3) valence
5
expectancy
 
-represents the belief that exerting a high level of effort will result in the successful performance...
6
self efficacy
 
the belief that a person has the capabilities needed to execute the behaviors required for...
7
past accomplishments
 
the degree to which they have succeeded or failed in similar sorts of tasks in the past
8
vicarious experiences
 
their observations and discussions with others who have performed such tasks
9
verbal persuasion
 
friends, coworkers, and leaders can persuade employees that they can "get the job done"
10
emotional cues
 
feelings of fear or anxiety can create doubts about task accomplishment, whereas pride and...
11
instrumentality
 
-the belief that successful performance will result in some outcomes
-set of subjective...
12
Valence
 
-the anticipated value of the outcomes associated with performance
-can be positive (in...
13
needs
 
-cognitive groupings or clusters of outcomes that are viewed as having critical psychological...
14
extrinsic motivation
 
motivation that is controlled by some contingency that depends on task performance
-result...
15
intrinsic motivation
 
motivation that is felt when task performance serves as its own reward
-result from intrinsic...
16
meaning of money
 
the degree to which they view money as having a symbolic, not just economic value
-3 dimensions:...
17
Motivational force equation
 
Motivational Force = [E -->P] x [sum of [P-->O x V]]

*motivational force = zero...
18
goal setting theory
 
-views goals as the primary drivers of the intensity and persistence of effort
-goals are...
19
specific and difficult goals
 
will result in higher levels of performance than assigning no goals, easy goals, or "do-your-best"...
20
self set goals
 
-the internalized goals that people use to monitor their own task progress
-the assignment...
21
task strategies
 
-developed after setting goals, these are learning plans and problem-solving approaches used...
22
feedback
 
updates on employee progress toward goal attainment
23
task complexity
 
-reflects how complicated the information and actions involvd in a task are, as well as how...
24
goal commitment
 
-the degree to which a person accepts a goal and is determined to try to reach it
-when...
25
S.M.A.R.T.
 
developed by Microsoft, an acronym that summarizes many beneficial goal characteristics:
-Specific
26
equity theory
 
-acknowledges that motivation doesn't just depend on your own beliefs and circumstances but...
27
comparison other
 
-some person who seems to provide an intuitive frame of reference for judging equity

28
Three possibilities of equity theory comparisons:
 
1) your ratio equals other's and a sense of equity is felt
2) your ratio of outcomes is...
29
cognitive distortion
 
simply rethinking your inputs in order to restore balance mentally, without having to alter...
30
internal comparisons
 
you are comparing yourself to someone in the same company
31
external comparison
 
you are comparing yourself to someone from a different company
32
psychological empowerment
 
-reflects an energy rooted in the belief that work tasks contribute to some larger purpose
-represents...
33
four concepts of psychological empowerment
 
-meaningfulness
-self determination
-competence
-impact
34
meaningfulness
 
-captures the value of a work goal or purpose, relative to a person's own ideals and passions
-when...
35
self determination
 
-reflects a sense of choice in the initiation and continuation of work tasks
-sense of self...
36
competence
 
-a person's belief in his/her capability to perform work tasks successfully
-identical to...
37
impact
 
-the sense that a person's actions make a difference- that the progress being made toward some...
38
motivation's effect on job performance
 
-motivation has a strong, positive effect on job performance
-people who experience higher...
39
motivation's effect on organizational commitment
 
-equity has a moderate positive effect on organizational commitment
-people who experience...


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