Metric Prefixes

19 cards

Learn The Metric System Prefixes Necessary For High School Science. Created To Help Students Learn To Use Unit Analysis (dimensional Analysis).

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What is the meaning of kilo- ?

Write it in scientific notation?
 
1000 (one thousand)

103
What is the meaning of mega- ?

Write it in scientific notation?
 
1,000,000 (one million)
What is the meaning of giga- ?

Write it in scientific notation?
 
1,000,000,000 (one billion)

109
What is the meaning of deca- ?

Write it in scientific notation?
 
10 (ten)

101
What is the meaning of hecto- ?

Write it in scientific notation?
 
100 (one hundred)

102
What is the meaning of deci- ?

Write it in scientific notation?
 
1/10 (one tenth)

10-1
What is the meaning of centi- ?

Write it in scientific notation?
 
1/100 (one hundredth)

10-2
What is the meaning of milli- ?

Write it in scientific notation?
 
1/1000 (one thousandth)

10-3
What is the meaning of micro- ?

Write it in scientific notation?
 
1/1,000,000 (one millionth)

10-6
What is the meaning of nano- ?

Write it in scientific notation?
 
1/1,000,000,000 (one billionth)

10-9
What if there is no prefix?

Write it in scientific notation?
 
This means 1.

100
What is the metric unit for length?
 
the meter
What is the metric unit for time?
 
the second
What is the metric unit for mass?
 
the gram (kilogram in SI)
What is the special metric unit for amount in chemistry?
 
the mole

Avogadro's number of ions, atoms, or molecules (6.022 x 1023 ).
What is the metric unit for temperature?
 
Kelvins

We usually use oCelcius which is kelvins + 273.
What is the metric unit for electric current?
 
the Ampere (amp)
What is the metric unit for volume?
 
the liter
1/1000 of a liter is one milliliter. How many cubic centimeters is this?
 
1 cm3