Medical Terminology Bining Forms

Medical Terminology bining Forms Basic Word Structure
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aden/o
 
gland
adenoma-tumor of a gland [oma means tumor or mass]
adenitis-itis means inflammation
arthr/o
 
joint
arthritis-suffix- itis-inflammation of the joint
bi/o
 
life
biology-logy-root word log(study) and prefix y(process or condition)
biopsy-opsy means process of viewing
carcin/o
 
cancerous, cancer
cardi/o
 
heart
cephal/o
 
head
cerebr/o
 
cerebrum (largest part of brain)
cis/o
 
to cut
incision-prefix in-means into and suffix-ion means process.
excision-prefix ex-means out
crin/o
 
to secret (to form and give off)
endocrin glands-prefix endo-means within; endocrine glands secrete hormones into bloodstream
exocrine glands-exo-means outside; exocrine glands release secretions through tubes to outside of body(sweat, tears)
cyst/o
 
urinary bladder; a sac or cyst(sac containing fluid)
cystoscopy-suffix-scopy is complex suffix that includes root scop-meaning visual examination & final suffix y-means process
cyt/o
 
cell
cytology-root word log(study) and prefix y(process or condition)
derm/o
dermat/o
 
skin
dermatitis-suffix-titis- inflamation
hypodermic-prefix hypo-means under or below
electr/o
 
electricity
electrocardiogram-suffix-gram means record
cardio means heart
encephal/o
 
brain

enter/o
 
intestines(usually the small intestine)
enteritis
inflamation of small intestine
erthr/o
 
red
suffix-cyte means cell.
Erythrocytes carry oxygen in the blood
gastr/o
 
stomach
suffix-ectomy means incision or removal
gastrectomy all or part of stomach is removed

glyc/o
 
sugar
hyperglycemia
prefix hyper means excessive, above or more than normal
suffix emia means blood condition
gnos/o
 
knowledge
diagnosis
prefix dia means complete
suffix sis means state or condition of
gynec/o
 
woman/female
gynecology
root word log(study) and prefix y(process or condition)

hemat/o
hem/o
 
blood
hemoglobin
suffix globin means protein
hepat/o
 
liver
hepatitis
suffix itis means inflammation
iatr/o
 
treatment, physician
iatrogenic
genic means pertaining to producing, produced by, or produced in.
Iatrogenic conditions are adverse effects that result from treatment or intervention by a physician.
leuk/o
 
white
leukocyte
suffix-cyte means cell.

log/o
 
study of
dermatology
root word log(study) and prefix y(process or condition)
nephr/o
 
kidney
nephritis
suffix itis means inflammation
neur/o
 
nerve
neurology
root word log(study) and prefix y(process or condition)
onc/o
 
tumor
oncology
root word log(study) and prefix y(process or condition)
oncologist
suffix ist means one who specializes in a field of medicine or other profession
ophthalm/o
 
eye
ophthalmoscope
suffix scope means an instrument for visual examination
oste/o
 
bone
osteoarthritis
condition of aging actually a degeneration of bones and joints often accompanied by inflammation
path/o
 
disease
pathologist
examines biopsy samples microscopically and examines dead bodies to determine cause of death
ped/o
 
child
pediatric
psych/o
 
mind
psychology
root word log(study) and prefix y(process or condition)
radi/o
 
x-rays
radiology
root word log(study) and prefix y(process or condition)
ren/o
 
kidney
renal
ren/o(latin) & nephr/o(greek) both mean kidney
ren/o is used with -al(latin) to describe the kidney
nephr/o is used with other suffixes such as -osis, -itis, and -ectomy (greek) to describe abnormal conditions & operative procedures
rhin/o
 
nose
rhinitis
suffix itis means inflammation
sarc/o
 
flesh
sarcoma
[oma means tumor or mass]

sect/o
 
to cut
resection
prefix re- means back
a resection is a cutting back in the sense of cutting or removal (excision)
thromb/o
 
clot, clotting
thrombocyte-also know as platelets, cells help clot blood
thrombus is the actual clot and thrombosis (-osis means condition) is the condition of the clot formation
ur/o
 
urinary tract, urine
urology
a urologist is a surgeon who operates on organs of the urinary tract and organs of the male reproductive system.
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