Medical Terminology-combining Forms

Basic Word Structure
Created Jan 26, 2011
by lsarney
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aden/o
glandadenoma-tumor of a gland [oma means tumor or mass]adenitis-itis means inflammation
arthr/o
jointarthritis-suffix- itis-inflammation of the joint
bi/o
lifebiology-logy-root word log(study) and prefix y(process or condition)biopsy-opsy means process...
carcin/o
cancerous, cancer
cardi/o
heart
cephal/o
head
cerebr/o
cerebrum (largest part of brain)
cis/o
to cut incision-prefix in-means into and suffix-ion means process.excision-prefix ex-means...
crin/o
to secret (to form and give off)endocrin glands-prefix endo-means within; endocrine glands...
cyst/o
urinary bladder; a sac or cyst(sac containing fluid)cystoscopy-suffix-scopy is complex suffix...
cyt/o
cellcytology-root word log(study) and prefix y(process or condition)
derm/odermat/o
skindermatitis-suffix-titis- inflamation hypodermic-prefix hypo-means under or below
electr/o
electricityelectrocardiogram-suffix-gram means recordcardio means heart
encephal/o
brain
enter/o
intestines(usually the small intestine)enteritisinflamation of small intestine
erthr/o
redsuffix-cyte means cell.Erythrocytes carry oxygen in the blood
gastr/o
stomachsuffix-ectomy means incision or removalgastrectomy all or part of stomach is removed
glyc/o
sugarhyperglycemiaprefix hyper means excessive, above or more than normalsuffix emia means...
gnos/o
 knowledgediagnosisprefix dia means completesuffix sis means state or condition of
gynec/o
woman/femalegynecologyroot word log(study) and prefix y(process or condition) 
hemat/ohem/o
bloodhemoglobinsuffix globin means protein
hepat/o
liverhepatitissuffix itis means inflammation
iatr/o
treatment, physicianiatrogenicgenic means pertaining to producing, produced by, or produced...
leuk/o
whiteleukocytesuffix-cyte means cell.
log/o
study ofdermatologyroot word log(study) and prefix y(process or condition)
nephr/o
kidneynephritissuffix itis means inflammation
neur/o
nerveneurologyroot word log(study) and prefix y(process or condition)
onc/o
tumoroncologyroot word log(study) and prefix y(process or condition)oncologistsuffix ist means...
ophthalm/o
eyeophthalmoscopesuffix scope means an instrument for visual examination
oste/o
boneosteoarthritiscondition of aging actually a degeneration of bones and joints often accompanied...
path/o
diseasepathologistexamines biopsy samples microscopically and examines dead bodies to determine...
ped/o
childpediatric
psych/o
mindpsychologyroot word log(study) and prefix y(process or condition)
radi/o
x-raysradiologyroot word log(study) and prefix y(process or condition)
ren/o
kidneyrenalren/o(latin) & nephr/o(greek) both mean kidneyren/o is used with -al(latin)...
rhin/o
noserhinitissuffix itis means inflammation
sarc/o
fleshsarcoma[oma means tumor or mass]
sect/o
to cutresectionprefix re- means backa resection is a cutting back in the sense  of cutting...
thromb/o
clot, clottingthrombocyte-also know as platelets, cells help clot bloodthrombus is the actual...
ur/o
urinary tract, urineurologya urologist is a surgeon who operates on organs of the urinary tract...


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