Medical Terminology-combining Forms

40 cards

Basic Word Structure


 
  
Created Jan 26, 2011
by
lsarney

 

 
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1
aden/o
 
gland
adenoma-tumor of a gland [oma means tumor or mass]
adenitis-itis means inflammation
2
arthr/o
 
joint
arthritis-suffix- itis-inflammation of the joint
3
bi/o
 
life
biology-logy-root word log(study) and prefix y(process or condition)
biopsy-opsy...
4
carcin/o
 
cancerous, cancer
5
cardi/o
 
heart
6
cephal/o
 
head
7
cerebr/o
 
cerebrum (largest part of brain)
8
cis/o
 
to cut
incision-prefix in-means into and suffix-ion means process.
excision-prefix ex-means...
9
crin/o
 
to secret (to form and give off)
endocrin glands-prefix endo-means within; endocrine glands...
10
cyst/o
 
urinary bladder; a sac or cyst(sac containing fluid)
cystoscopy-suffix-scopy is complex...
11
cyt/o
 
cell
cytology-root word log(study) and prefix y(process or condition)
12
derm/o
dermat/o
 
skin
dermatitis-suffix-titis- inflamation
hypodermic-prefix hypo-means under or below
13
electr/o
 
electricity
electrocardiogram-suffix-gram means record
cardio means heart
14
encephal/o
 
brain

15
enter/o
 
intestines(usually the small intestine)
enteritis
inflamation of small intestine
16
erthr/o
 
red
suffix-cyte means cell.
Erythrocytes carry oxygen in the blood
17
gastr/o
 
stomach
suffix-ectomy means incision or removal
gastrectomy all or part of stomach is...
18
glyc/o
 
sugar
hyperglycemia
prefix hyper means excessive, above or more than normal
suffix...
19
gnos/o
 
 knowledge
diagnosis
prefix dia means complete
suffix sis means state or condition...
20
gynec/o
 
woman/female
gynecology
root word log(study) and prefix y(process or condition)
 
21
hemat/o
hem/o
 
blood
hemoglobin
suffix globin means protein
22
hepat/o
 
liver
hepatitis
suffix itis means inflammation
23
iatr/o
 
treatment, physician
iatrogenic
genic means pertaining to producing, produced by, or...
24
leuk/o
 
white
leukocyte
suffix-cyte means cell.

25
log/o
 
study of
dermatology
root word log(study) and prefix y(process or condition)
26
nephr/o
 
kidney
nephritis
suffix itis means inflammation
27
neur/o
 
nerve
neurology
root word log(study) and prefix y(process or condition)
28
onc/o
 
tumor
oncology
root word log(study) and prefix y(process or condition)
oncologist
suffix...
29
ophthalm/o
 
eye
ophthalmoscope
suffix scope means an instrument for visual examination
30
oste/o
 
bone
osteoarthritis
condition of aging actually a degeneration of bones and joints often...
31
path/o
 
disease
pathologist
examines biopsy samples microscopically and examines dead bodies...
32
ped/o
 
child
pediatric
33
psych/o
 
mind
psychology
root word log(study) and prefix y(process or condition)
34
radi/o
 
x-rays
radiology
root word log(study) and prefix y(process or condition)
35
ren/o
 
kidney
renal
ren/o(latin) & nephr/o(greek) both mean kidney
ren/o is used with...
36
rhin/o
 
nose
rhinitis
suffix itis means inflammation
37
sarc/o
 
flesh
sarcoma
[oma means tumor or mass]

38
sect/o
 
to cut
resection
prefix re- means back
a resection is a cutting back in the sense ...
39
thromb/o
 
clot, clotting
thrombocyte-also know as platelets, cells help clot blood
thrombus is...
40
ur/o
 
urinary tract, urine
urology
a urologist is a surgeon who operates on organs of the urinary...


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