Medical Terminology

Medical Terminology Medical Terminology For MJC 
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which of the following words means diferent from the normal shape?
 
heteromorphous
which of the following prefixes means against?
 
ante-
prefixes are word elements placed at the beginning of words to alter their meaning
 
true
extracranial means
 
outside the cranium
which of the following statements about compound words is false?
 
they have only one word element and a sufix
which of the following terms means 1st pregnancy
 
primigravida
in the word systole, the final le is pronounced as a separate syllable
 
false
which term means pertaining to above the kidney
 
suprarenal
pseudocyesis means false pregnancy
 
false
an ectopic pregnancy is one that is in its correct position
 
false
word elements used to form medical words are
 
suffixes, prefixes, combining forms
which of the following prefixes means in, within
 
endo-
epigastric means behind the stomach
 
false
which of the following vowels is most commonly attatched to word roots to createcombining forms?
 
letter o
when defining the term gastr/algia, define the suffix first
 
true
the word for small vein is
 
venule
suture
 
-rrhapy
inability to speak
 
aphasia
my/algia is a surgical procedure
 
false
spinal is noun form
 
false
a suffix usually indicates
 
procedure, condition, disease, or part of speech
gastr/o is a combining form
 
false
all medical words have a prefix
 
false
around
 
circum-
bronchi and fungi the i is pronounced
 
ee and eye
word root to word root
 
gastr/o/esophag/itis
dia-
 
through, across
word elements used to form medical words are
 
combining forms
quadriplegia refers to paralysis of
 
four extremities
infrapubic means below or under the pubis
 
true
good, normal
 
eu-
arthr/o is an example of a
 
word root
word endings are called
 
suffixes
plural form of radius
 
radii
glossal is a noun form
 
false
which set of terms is not a singluar-plural pairing
 
pleura-pleural
plural form of calcaneum
 
calcaniae
tissue is a noun form
 
true
to change words ending in y from singular to plural form
 
drop the y and add ies
visual examination of a cavity or canal using a special lighted instrument
 
endoscopy
feverish; pertaining to fever
 
febrile
the rhythmic contraction of a tubular organ to propel its contents is known as
 
peristalsis
ultra-
 
excess, beyond
excision of a core sample of tissue for examination
 
punch biopsy
gray
 
poli/o
heterochromic
 
different colors
Tx
 
treatment
the study of the cause of disease
 
etiology
epithelial tissue is composed of cells
 
arranged in continuous sheets
groin
 
inguin/o
dry
 
xer/o
Sx
 
symptom
the thoracic cavity is separated from the abdominopelvic cavity by
 
the diaphragm
a noninvasive technique that uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field to produce images of internal structures is a
 
MRI
internal organs
 
viscer/o
body
 
somat/o
ultrasound technique used to detect and measure blood-flow velocity
 
doppler
to destroy tissue by electricity, freezing, heat, or corrosive chemicals
 
cauterization
a disease of unknown cause is described as
 
idiopathic
stool guaiac is used to detect the presence of blood in the feces
 
true
the progressive wavelike movement that occurs involuntarily in hollow tubes of the body is
 
peristalsis
liver
 
hepat/o
the structure lying beneath the hard enamel surface of the tooth is
 
dentin
the general lack of nutrition and wasting occurring in the course of a chronic disease is
 
cachexia
surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another
 
anastomosis
offensive bad breath
 
halitosis
the uvula is located in the anterior portion of the mouth
 
false
proctoplasty is the surgical repair of the rectum
 
true
what section of the large intestine is associated with the appendix
 
cecum
agents that control nausea and vomiting
 
antiemetics
inflammation of the intestine cause by ingesting water or food containing chemical irritants, bacteria, or parasites that results in bloody diarrhea
 
dysentery
teeth
 
odont/o
what does the term congenital hernia mean?
 
hernia present at birth
stomach
 
gastr/o
mucosal folds in the stomach wall are called
 
rugae
visual examination of the rectum and anal canal is
 
proctoscopy
visual examination of a cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrument
 
endoscopy
when the blood supply to a herniated structure is cut off because of pressure, the hernia is said to be
 
strangulated
what section of the large intestine is associated with the liver
 
hepatic flexure
blood in urine
 
hematuria
nitrogenous compounds
 
azot/o
scanty
 
olig/o
in the process of urine formation, filtration takes place in the
 
renal corpuscle
most effective form of male contraception
 
vasectomy
after wastes are removed, blood leaves the kidney by way of the
 
renal vein
waste filtered by the kidney includes
 
nitrogenous products
medications used to increase sperm count are called spermicidals
 
false
nitrogenous wastes are produced when body cells metabolize
 
protein
kidney
 
nephr/o
vessel; vas deferens; duct
 
vas/o
renal pelvis
 
pyel/o
an inguinal hernia commonly accompanies cryptorchidism
 
true
used to treat or prevent the hypokalemia associated with use of diuretics
 
potassium supplements
involuntary passage of urine
 
enuresis
hesitancy, dysuria, hematuria, and frequency are symptoms of
 
prostatic carcinoma
urethra
 
urethr/o
the stenosis or narrowing of the preputial orifice so that foreskin cannot be retracted over the glans penis is
 
phimosis
reabsorption in the nephron occurs in the
 
glomerulus
androgens are drugs used to treat gout
 
false
agents that promote the secretion of urine are called
 
diuretics
the outer section of the kidney is called the renal medulla
 
false
the production of erythropoietin is stimulated by
 
low oxygen levels in the blood
the suspension or fixation of a floating or moveable kidney is called
 
nephropexy
an increased blood level of calcium is called hypercalcemia
 
true
a laboratory test that is used as an indicator of renal function is
 
UA
Wilms tumor is a
 
malignant tumor of the kidney that usually occurs in children
enuresis is also known as
 
incontinence
a group of clinical symptoms caused by severe proteinuria and resultant edema is
 
hydronephrosis
accumulation of fluid in a saclike cavity
 
hydrocele
abnormal passage from a hollow organ to the surface or between organs
 
fistula
used to increase testosterone levels
 
androgens
the removal of part of the prepuce is known as circumcision
 
true
seminal vesicle
 
vesicul/o
lack of or failure to ejaculate semen
 
aspermia
visual examination of the urinary bladder
 
cystoscopy
used to verify sterilization after vasectomy
 
semen analysis
which of the following agents used to inhibit inflammation, redness, and itching caused by allergic skin reactions
 
antihistamines
what is the medical term that denotes fungal skin disease
 
tinea
another term for blackhead is
 
comedo
a localized collection of pus at a site of infection is
 
an abscess
agents that destroy and soften the outer layer of skin so that it is sloughed off
 
keratolytics
the abbreviation for ointment is
 
ung
what does the term metastasis mean
 
tumor cells travel to remote regions of the body
dry, scaly
 
ichthy/o
any horny growth on the skin (such as a callus or wart)
 
keratosis
tissue destruction by means of high-frequency electric sparks
 
fulguration
fat
 
lip/o
corticosteroids are classified as anti-inflammatory drugs
 
true
topically applied agents that inhibit growth of bacteria
 
antiseptics
subcutaneous tissue contains specialized cells called melanocytes
 
false
antiseptics are subcutaneously injected drugs used to inhibit bacterial
 
false
a hard protein found in the epidermis is
 
keratin
the combining form for nail is
 
onych/o
an example of a pustule is
 
acne, furuncle, scabies, = answer is a, b, and c
infestation with lice, transmitted by personal contact or common use of brushes, combs, or headgear
 
pediculosis
all of the following are true about the skin EXCEPT
 
skin is considered an internal organ of the body
around
 
circum-
in the term epidermis epi- means
 
above, upon
which of the following words means fear of many things
 
polyphobia
the prefix pan- means
 
all
the prefix para- means
 
near, beside, beyond
adsternal means
 
toward the sternum
the term that means without a breast is
 
amastia
which of the following prefixes means rapid
 
tachy-
which of the following words means surgical fracture of a bone
 
oste/o/clasis
which of the following words means tumor composed of nerve cells
 
neur/oma
which of the following words means narrowing of a vein
 
phlebostenosis
the suffix -penia means
 
decrease, deficiency
instrument for measuring the pelvis
 
pelvimeter
which of the following elements is incorrectly paired with a meaning
 
-rrhapy bursting forth (of)
suture
 
-rrhapy
which set of the following terms is not paired as noun-adjective
 
artery-arteries
which of the following words is the plural form of fornix
 
fornices
edema
 
swelling
process of giving birth
 
parturition
what is the normal position of the uterus
 
anteflexion
in the final stages, syphilis becomes multisystemic, often causing blindness, insanity, and eventually death
 
true
capable of living outside the uterus
 
viable
the internal organs of reproduction include all of the following EXCEPT the
 
labia
female external genitalia include each of the following structures EXCEPT the
 
vagina
ovary
 
oophor/o
class of drugs used to treat vaginal yeast infections
 
antifungals
colpocervical refers to the
 
vagina and cervix
tying the uterine tubes to prevent pregnancy
 
tubal ligation
the term for onset of menses is
 
menarche
which statement about candidiasis is not true
 
it is an STD
menses, menstruation
 
men/o
radiography of the uterus and oviducts after a contrast medium is injected into those organs
 
hysterosalpingography
hysterectomy of the uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes, and ovaries
 
false
the closure of the vaginal canal is
 
colpocleisis
benign uterine tumor composed of muscle and fibrous tissue
 
leiomyoma
neck, cervix uteri (neck of uterus)
 
cervic/o
one of the most common female reproductive malignancies is cervical CA
 
true
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