Medical Terminology

Medical Terminology For MJC 
Created Oct 13, 2010
by tabycat209
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which of the following words means diferent from the normal shape?
heteromorphous
which of the following prefixes means against?
ante-
prefixes are word elements placed at the beginning of words to alter their meaning
true
extracranial means
outside the cranium
which of the following statements about compound words is false?
they have only one word element and a sufix
which of the following terms means 1st pregnancy
primigravida
in the word systole, the final le is pronounced as a separate syllable
false
which term means pertaining to above the kidney
suprarenal
pseudocyesis means false pregnancy
false
an ectopic pregnancy is one that is in its correct position
false
word elements used to form medical words are
suffixes, prefixes, combining forms
which of the following prefixes means in, within
endo-
epigastric means behind the stomach
false
which of the following vowels is most commonly attatched  to word roots to createcombining...
letter o
when defining the term gastr/algia, define the suffix first
true
the word for small vein is
venule
suture
-rrhapy
inability to speak
aphasia
my/algia is a surgical procedure
false
spinal is noun form
false
a suffix usually indicates
procedure, condition, disease, or part of speech
gastr/o is a combining form
false
all medical words have a prefix
false
around
circum-
bronchi and fungi the i is pronounced
ee and eye
word root to word root
gastr/o/esophag/itis
dia-
through, across
word elements used to form medical words are
combining forms
quadriplegia refers to paralysis of
four extremities
infrapubic means below or under the pubis
true
good, normal
eu-
arthr/o is an example of a
word root
word endings are called
suffixes
plural form of radius
radii
glossal is a noun form
false
which set of terms is not a singluar-plural pairing
pleura-pleural
plural form of calcaneum
calcaniae
tissue is a noun form
true
to change words ending in y from singular to plural form
drop the y and add ies
visual examination of a cavity or canal using a special lighted instrument
endoscopy
feverish; pertaining to fever
febrile
the rhythmic contraction of a tubular organ to propel its contents is known as
peristalsis
ultra-
excess, beyond
excision of a core sample of tissue for examination
punch biopsy
gray
poli/o
heterochromic
different colors
Tx
treatment
the study of the cause of disease
etiology
epithelial tissue is composed of cells
arranged in continuous sheets
groin
inguin/o
dry
xer/o
Sx
symptom
the thoracic cavity is separated from the abdominopelvic cavity by
the diaphragm
a noninvasive technique that uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field to produce images...
MRI
internal organs
viscer/o
body
somat/o
ultrasound technique used to detect and measure blood-flow velocity
doppler
to destroy tissue by electricity, freezing, heat, or corrosive chemicals
cauterization
a disease of unknown cause is described as 
idiopathic
stool guaiac is used to detect the presence of blood in the feces
true
the progressive wavelike movement that occurs involuntarily in hollow tubes of the body is 
peristalsis
liver
hepat/o
the structure lying beneath the hard enamel surface of the tooth is 
dentin
the general lack of nutrition and wasting occurring in the course of a chronic disease is 
cachexia
surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another
anastomosis
offensive bad breath
halitosis
the uvula is located in the anterior portion of the mouth
false
proctoplasty is the surgical repair of the rectum
true
what section of the large intestine is associated with the appendix
cecum
agents that control nausea and vomiting
antiemetics
inflammation of the intestine cause by ingesting water or food containing chemical irritants,...
dysentery
teeth
odont/o
what does the term congenital hernia mean?
hernia present at birth
stomach
gastr/o
mucosal folds in the stomach wall are called
rugae
visual examination of the rectum and anal canal is 
proctoscopy
visual examination of a cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrument
endoscopy
when the blood supply to a herniated structure is cut off because of pressure, the hernia is...
strangulated
what section of the large intestine is associated with the liver
hepatic flexure
blood in urine
hematuria
nitrogenous compounds
azot/o
scanty
olig/o
in the process of urine formation, filtration takes place in the 
renal corpuscle
most effective form of male contraception
vasectomy
after wastes are removed, blood leaves the kidney by way of the 
renal vein
waste filtered by the kidney includes 
nitrogenous products
medications used to increase sperm count are called spermicidals
false
nitrogenous wastes are produced when body cells metabolize
protein
kidney
nephr/o
vessel; vas deferens; duct
vas/o
renal pelvis
pyel/o
an inguinal hernia commonly accompanies cryptorchidism
true
used to treat or prevent the hypokalemia associated with use of diuretics
potassium supplements
involuntary passage of urine
enuresis
hesitancy, dysuria, hematuria, and frequency are symptoms of 
prostatic carcinoma
urethra
urethr/o
the stenosis or narrowing of the preputial orifice so that foreskin cannot be retracted over...
phimosis
reabsorption in the nephron occurs in the 
glomerulus
androgens are drugs used to treat gout
false
agents that promote the secretion of urine are called
diuretics
the outer section of the kidney is called the renal medulla
false
the production of erythropoietin is stimulated by
low oxygen levels in the blood
the suspension or fixation of a floating or moveable kidney is called
nephropexy
an increased blood level of calcium is called hypercalcemia
true
a laboratory test that is used as an indicator of renal function is 
UA
Wilms tumor is a 
malignant tumor of the kidney that usually occurs in children
enuresis is also known as 
incontinence
a group of clinical symptoms caused by severe proteinuria and resultant edema is
hydronephrosis
accumulation of fluid in a saclike cavity
hydrocele
abnormal passage from a hollow organ to the surface or between organs
fistula
used to increase testosterone levels
androgens
the removal of part of the prepuce is known as circumcision
true
seminal vesicle
vesicul/o
lack of or failure to ejaculate semen
aspermia
visual examination of the urinary bladder
cystoscopy
used to verify sterilization after vasectomy
semen analysis
which of the following agents used to inhibit inflammation, redness, and itching caused by...
antihistamines
what is the medical term that denotes fungal skin disease
tinea
another term for blackhead is 
comedo
a localized collection of pus at a site of infection is 
an abscess
agents that destroy and soften the outer layer of skin so that it is sloughed off
keratolytics
the abbreviation for ointment is 
ung
what does the term metastasis mean
tumor cells travel to remote regions of the body
dry, scaly
ichthy/o
any horny growth on the skin (such as a callus or wart)
keratosis
tissue destruction by means of high-frequency electric sparks
fulguration
fat
lip/o
corticosteroids are classified as anti-inflammatory drugs
true
topically applied agents that inhibit growth of bacteria
antiseptics
subcutaneous tissue contains specialized cells called melanocytes
false
antiseptics are subcutaneously injected drugs used to inhibit bacterial 
false
a hard protein found in the epidermis is 
keratin
the combining form for nail is 
onych/o
an example of a pustule is 
acne, furuncle, scabies, = answer is a, b, and c
infestation with lice, transmitted by personal contact or common use of brushes, combs, or...
pediculosis
all of the following are true about the skin EXCEPT
skin is considered an internal organ of the body
around
circum-
in the term epidermis epi- means 
above, upon
which of the following words means fear of many things
polyphobia
the prefix pan- means
all
the prefix para- means 
near, beside, beyond
adsternal means
toward the sternum
the term that means without a breast is 
amastia
which of the following prefixes means rapid
tachy-
which of the following words means surgical fracture of a bone
oste/o/clasis
which of the following words means tumor composed of nerve cells
neur/oma
which of the following words means narrowing of a vein
phlebostenosis
the suffix -penia means
decrease, deficiency
instrument for measuring the pelvis 
pelvimeter
which of the following elements is incorrectly paired with a meaning
-rrhapy bursting forth (of)
suture
-rrhapy
which set of the following terms is not paired as noun-adjective
artery-arteries
which of the following words is the plural form of fornix
fornices
edema
swelling
process of giving birth
parturition
what is the normal position of the uterus
anteflexion
in the final stages, syphilis becomes multisystemic, often causing blindness, insanity, and...
true
capable of living outside the uterus
viable
the internal organs of reproduction include all of the following EXCEPT the 
labia
female external genitalia include each of the following structures EXCEPT the 
vagina
ovary
oophor/o
class of drugs used to treat vaginal yeast infections
antifungals
colpocervical refers to the
vagina and cervix
tying the uterine tubes to prevent pregnancy
tubal ligation
the term for onset of menses is
menarche
which statement about candidiasis is not true
it is an STD
menses, menstruation
men/o
radiography of the uterus and oviducts after a contrast medium is injected into those organs
hysterosalpingography
hysterectomy of the uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes, and ovaries
false
the closure of the vaginal canal is 
colpocleisis
benign uterine tumor composed of muscle and fibrous tissue
leiomyoma
neck, cervix uteri (neck of uterus)
cervic/o
one of the most common female reproductive malignancies is cervical CA
true

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