medical terminology

173 cards

medical terminology for MJC 


 
  
Created Oct 13, 2010
by
tabycat209

 

 
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1
which of the following words means diferent from the normal shape?
 
heteromorphous
2
which of the following prefixes means against?
 
ante-
3
prefixes are word elements placed at the beginning of words to alter their meaning
 
true
4
extracranial means
 
outside the cranium
5
which of the following statements about compound words is false?
 
they have only one word element and a sufix
6
which of the following terms means 1st pregnancy
 
primigravida
7
in the word systole, the final le is pronounced as a separate syllable
 
false
8
which term means pertaining to above the kidney
 
suprarenal
9
pseudocyesis means false pregnancy
 
false
10
an ectopic pregnancy is one that is in its correct position
 
false
11
word elements used to form medical words are
 
suffixes, prefixes, combining forms
12
which of the following prefixes means in, within
 
endo-
13
epigastric means behind the stomach
 
false
14
which of the following vowels is most commonly attatched  to word roots to createcombining...
 
letter o
15
when defining the term gastr/algia, define the suffix first
 
true
16
the word for small vein is
 
venule
17
suture
 
-rrhapy
18
inability to speak
 
aphasia
19
my/algia is a surgical procedure
 
false
20
spinal is noun form
 
false
21
a suffix usually indicates
 
procedure, condition, disease, or part of speech
22
gastr/o is a combining form
 
false
23
all medical words have a prefix
 
false
24
around
 
circum-
25
bronchi and fungi the i is pronounced
 
ee and eye
26
word root to word root
 
gastr/o/esophag/itis
27
dia-
 
through, across
28
word elements used to form medical words are
 
combining forms
29
quadriplegia refers to paralysis of
 
four extremities
30
infrapubic means below or under the pubis
 
true
31
good, normal
 
eu-
32
arthr/o is an example of a
 
word root
33
word endings are called
 
suffixes
34
plural form of radius
 
radii
35
glossal is a noun form
 
false
36
which set of terms is not a singluar-plural pairing
 
pleura-pleural
37
plural form of calcaneum
 
calcaniae
38
tissue is a noun form
 
true
39
to change words ending in y from singular to plural form
 
drop the y and add ies
40
visual examination of a cavity or canal using a special lighted instrument
 
endoscopy
41
feverish; pertaining to fever
 
febrile
42
the rhythmic contraction of a tubular organ to propel its contents is known as
 
peristalsis
43
ultra-
 
excess, beyond
44
excision of a core sample of tissue for examination
 
punch biopsy
45
gray
 
poli/o
46
heterochromic
 
different colors
47
Tx
 
treatment
48
the study of the cause of disease
 
etiology
49
epithelial tissue is composed of cells
 
arranged in continuous sheets
50
groin
 
inguin/o
51
dry
 
xer/o
52
Sx
 
symptom
53
the thoracic cavity is separated from the abdominopelvic cavity by
 
the diaphragm
54
a noninvasive technique that uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field to produce images...
 
MRI
55
internal organs
 
viscer/o
56
body
 
somat/o
57
ultrasound technique used to detect and measure blood-flow velocity
 
doppler
58
to destroy tissue by electricity, freezing, heat, or corrosive chemicals
 
cauterization
59
a disease of unknown cause is described as 
 
idiopathic
60
stool guaiac is used to detect the presence of blood in the feces
 
true
61
the progressive wavelike movement that occurs involuntarily in hollow tubes of the body is 
 
peristalsis
62
liver
 
hepat/o
63
the structure lying beneath the hard enamel surface of the tooth is 
 
dentin
64
the general lack of nutrition and wasting occurring in the course of a chronic disease is 
 
cachexia
65
surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another
 
anastomosis
66
offensive bad breath
 
halitosis
67
the uvula is located in the anterior portion of the mouth
 
false
68
proctoplasty is the surgical repair of the rectum
 
true
69
what section of the large intestine is associated with the appendix
 
cecum
70
agents that control nausea and vomiting
 
antiemetics
71
inflammation of the intestine cause by ingesting water or food containing chemical irritants,...
 
dysentery
72
teeth
 
odont/o
73
what does the term congenital hernia mean?
 
hernia present at birth
74
stomach
 
gastr/o
75
mucosal folds in the stomach wall are called
 
rugae
76
visual examination of the rectum and anal canal is 
 
proctoscopy
77
visual examination of a cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrument
 
endoscopy
78
when the blood supply to a herniated structure is cut off because of pressure, the hernia is...
 
strangulated
79
what section of the large intestine is associated with the liver
 
hepatic flexure
80
blood in urine
 
hematuria
81
nitrogenous compounds
 
azot/o
82
scanty
 
olig/o
83
in the process of urine formation, filtration takes place in the 
 
renal corpuscle
84
most effective form of male contraception
 
vasectomy
85
after wastes are removed, blood leaves the kidney by way of the 
 
renal vein
86
waste filtered by the kidney includes 
 
nitrogenous products
87
medications used to increase sperm count are called spermicidals
 
false
88
nitrogenous wastes are produced when body cells metabolize
 
protein
89
kidney
 
nephr/o
90
vessel; vas deferens; duct
 
vas/o
91
renal pelvis
 
pyel/o
92
an inguinal hernia commonly accompanies cryptorchidism
 
true
93
used to treat or prevent the hypokalemia associated with use of diuretics
 
potassium supplements
94
involuntary passage of urine
 
enuresis
95
hesitancy, dysuria, hematuria, and frequency are symptoms of 
 
prostatic carcinoma
96
urethra
 
urethr/o
97
the stenosis or narrowing of the preputial orifice so that foreskin cannot be retracted over...
 
phimosis
98
reabsorption in the nephron occurs in the 
 
glomerulus
99
androgens are drugs used to treat gout
 
false
100
agents that promote the secretion of urine are called
 
diuretics
101
the outer section of the kidney is called the renal medulla
 
false
102
the production of erythropoietin is stimulated by
 
low oxygen levels in the blood
103
the suspension or fixation of a floating or moveable kidney is called
 
nephropexy
104
an increased blood level of calcium is called hypercalcemia
 
true
105
a laboratory test that is used as an indicator of renal function is 
 
UA
106
Wilms tumor is a 
 
malignant tumor of the kidney that usually occurs in children
107
enuresis is also known as 
 
incontinence
108
a group of clinical symptoms caused by severe proteinuria and resultant edema is
 
hydronephrosis
109
accumulation of fluid in a saclike cavity
 
hydrocele
110
abnormal passage from a hollow organ to the surface or between organs
 
fistula
111
used to increase testosterone levels
 
androgens
112
the removal of part of the prepuce is known as circumcision
 
true
113
seminal vesicle
 
vesicul/o
114
lack of or failure to ejaculate semen
 
aspermia
115
visual examination of the urinary bladder
 
cystoscopy
116
used to verify sterilization after vasectomy
 
semen analysis
117
which of the following agents used to inhibit inflammation, redness, and itching caused by...
 
antihistamines
118
what is the medical term that denotes fungal skin disease
 
tinea
119
another term for blackhead is 
 
comedo
120
a localized collection of pus at a site of infection is 
 
an abscess
121
agents that destroy and soften the outer layer of skin so that it is sloughed off
 
keratolytics
122
the abbreviation for ointment is 
 
ung
123
what does the term metastasis mean
 
tumor cells travel to remote regions of the body
124
dry, scaly
 
ichthy/o
125
any horny growth on the skin (such as a callus or wart)
 
keratosis
126
tissue destruction by means of high-frequency electric sparks
 
fulguration
127
fat
 
lip/o
128
corticosteroids are classified as anti-inflammatory drugs
 
true
129
topically applied agents that inhibit growth of bacteria
 
antiseptics
130
subcutaneous tissue contains specialized cells called melanocytes
 
false
131
antiseptics are subcutaneously injected drugs used to inhibit bacterial 
 
false
132
a hard protein found in the epidermis is 
 
keratin
133
the combining form for nail is 
 
onych/o
134
an example of a pustule is 
 
acne, furuncle, scabies, = answer is a, b, and c
135
infestation with lice, transmitted by personal contact or common use of brushes, combs, or...
 
pediculosis
136
all of the following are true about the skin EXCEPT
 
skin is considered an internal organ of the body
137
around
 
circum-
138
in the term epidermis epi- means 
 
above, upon
139
which of the following words means fear of many things
 
polyphobia
140
the prefix pan- means
 
all
141
the prefix para- means 
 
near, beside, beyond
142
adsternal means
 
toward the sternum
143
the term that means without a breast is 
 
amastia
144
which of the following prefixes means rapid
 
tachy-
145
which of the following words means surgical fracture of a bone
 
oste/o/clasis
146
which of the following words means tumor composed of nerve cells
 
neur/oma
147
which of the following words means narrowing of a vein
 
phlebostenosis
148
the suffix -penia means
 
decrease, deficiency
149
instrument for measuring the pelvis 
 
pelvimeter
150
which of the following elements is incorrectly paired with a meaning
 
-rrhapy bursting forth (of)
151
suture
 
-rrhapy
152
which set of the following terms is not paired as noun-adjective
 
artery-arteries
153
which of the following words is the plural form of fornix
 
fornices
154
edema
 
swelling
155
process of giving birth
 
parturition
156
what is the normal position of the uterus
 
anteflexion
157
in the final stages, syphilis becomes multisystemic, often causing blindness, insanity, and...
 
true
158
capable of living outside the uterus
 
viable
159
the internal organs of reproduction include all of the following EXCEPT the 
 
labia
160
female external genitalia include each of the following structures EXCEPT the 
 
vagina
161
ovary
 
oophor/o
162
class of drugs used to treat vaginal yeast infections
 
antifungals
163
colpocervical refers to the
 
vagina and cervix
164
tying the uterine tubes to prevent pregnancy
 
tubal ligation
165
the term for onset of menses is
 
menarche
166
which statement about candidiasis is not true
 
it is an STD
167
menses, menstruation
 
men/o
168
radiography of the uterus and oviducts after a contrast medium is injected into those organs
 
hysterosalpingography
169
hysterectomy of the uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes, and ovaries
 
false
170
the closure of the vaginal canal is 
 
colpocleisis
171
benign uterine tumor composed of muscle and fibrous tissue
 
leiomyoma
172
neck, cervix uteri (neck of uterus)
 
cervic/o
173
one of the most common female reproductive malignancies is cervical CA
 
true

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