Medical Terminology - Urology

Urology, Genitourinary System, Genitals And Urinary System, Terms And Definitions.
  
Created Jul 15, 2010
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missjoci
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Urinary System
primary function is to regulate the volume and composition of fluids in the body and remove...
Kidneys
rlie just above the waist on either side of the vertebral column, behind the posterior wall...
Nephron
help regulate blood composition and urine formation, located inside the kidneys, each kidney...
Renal Artery
takes blood into the kidney, branches into arterioles, and then into the nephrons.
Renal vein
takes blood out of the kidneys that has been processed by the nephrons.
Renal pelvis
enlarged funnel-shaped extension of the urteter that receives waste material from the nephrons...
Gonads
primary sex organs for both men and women.
Testes
paired oval glands that descend into the scrotum, contain specialized structures that are responsible...
Scrotum
Saclike structure holding testes.
Vas deferens
sperm transporting duct, long tube for transporting sperm.
Ejaculatory ducts
Duct that ejaculates sperm.
Prostate Gland
Located next to the ejaculatory ducts.
Penis
exerternal genital organ in males. Used for reproduction and urination.
Prepuce
foreskin
nephro/o, nephroma
kidney, tumor of the kidney
ren/o, renal
kidney, pertaining to the kidney
pyel/o, pyel/o/lith/o/tomy
renal pelvis, incision to remove renal calculi from the pelvis of the kidney.
cyst/o, cystoscope
bladder, instrument for examining and treating lesions of the urinary bladder, ureter, and...
ureter/o, ureterocele
ureter, cystlike dilation or swelling of the ureter near its opening into the bladder.
urethr/o, urethr/o/dynia
urethra, pain in the urethra.
ur/o, ur/o/graphy
urinary tract,urine, process of recording x-ray images of the urinary tract (kidneys, ureter,...
ur/o, ur/emia
urine, urinary tract,  excessive amnts of urea and other nitrogenous waste products in...
urin/o, urin/o/meter
urine, urinary tract,  a device for determining the specific gravity of urine.
poly-, poly/uria
many, much,  excessive secretion and discharge of urine.
supra-, supra/ren/al
above, excessive,  located above the kidneys.
-kal-, hyper/kal/emia
potassium, excessive potassium in the blood.
-azot-, hypo/azot/uria
nitrogenous compounds,  excretion of abnormally small quantities of nitrogenous compounds.
-uria, an/uria
urine,  absence of urine formation.
orcho/o, orch/itis
testes, inflammation of one or both of the testes.
orchi/o, orchi/o/pexy
testes, surgical fixation of an undescended testicle by implanting it into the scrotum
orchid/o, orchid/ectomy
testes, excision of one or more testicles.
test/o, test/is
testes, one pair of male gonads that produce sperm and testosterone.
prostat/o,  prostat/o/megaly
prostate gland, enlargement of the prostate.
spermat/o, spermat/o/lysis
sperm, destruction of sperm
sperm/o, oligo/sperm/ia
sperm, a temp or permanent deficiency in the number of spermatozoa in the semen.
vas/o, vas/ectomy
vessel, vas deferens, duct,  procedure for male sterilization involving removal of a part...
circum-, circum/cision
around,  removal of the foreskin of the penis.
para-, para/phim/osis
near, beside, beyond,  abnormal condition characterized by inability to replace foreskin...
anuria
complete suppression of urinary secretion by the kidneys.
diuresis
abnormal secretion of large amounts of urine.
dysuria
painful or difficult urination
end-stage renal disease
final phase of kidney disease process (ESRD)
enuresis
Involuntary discharge of urine after the age by which bladder should have been established....
Hematuria
blood in the urine.
Hydronephrosis
distention of the renal pelvis and calyces of a kidney caused by a urinary tract obstruction....
Nephrolithiasis
Condition characterized by the presence of Kidney stones.  (Renal Calculi).
Nocturia
excessive urination at night, genally due to a large prostate.
Oliguria
Diminished or scanty urination in relation to fluid intake.  
Polydipsia
excessive thirst.  A sign of diabetes.
Pyelonephritis
a bacterial infection of the renal pelvis and renal medulla of one or both kidneys.  Bladder...
Pyuria
the presence of white blood cells in the urine.  Pus in urine.
Renal Hypertension
high blood pressure resulting from a kidney disease.
Urinary incontinence
Intermittent or complete absence of ability to control the release of urine from the bladder.
Benign prostatic hyperplastia 
A nonmalignant enlargement of the prostate due to excessive growth of prostatic tissue. (BPH) 
Transurethral Prostatectomy
To control BPH that isn't controllable with medications.  (TURP)
Phimosis
Stenosis of preputial orifice in which the foreskin cannot be pushed back over the glans penis. 
Prostatic cancer
A malignant neoplasm of the prostate tissue, creating pressure on the upper part of the urethra.
Catheterization
insertion of a catheter (hollow flexible tube) into a body cavity or organ to instill a substance...
Cystoscopy
Visual examination of the urinary bladder by inserting a cystoscope into the urethra.
Circumcision
Surgical removal of the foreskin or the prepuce of the penis.
Kidney transplantation
surgical implantation of a kidney from a compatible donor or recipient.
Extracorporeal Shock-wave lithotripsy
A noninvasive procedure to break up kidney stones.  The shock waves are focused on the...
Stent Placement
use of a device to hold open vessels, tubes, or an obstructed ureter.
Vasectomy
Removal of all or a segment of the vas deferens.
Dialysis
Process of diffusing blood across semipermeable membrane to remove toxic materials to maintain...
hemodialysis
method of providing fuction of the kidneys by circulating tubes made of semipermeable membranes
Peritoneal dialysis
dialysis in which lining of the peritoneal cavity is used a s the dialyzing membrane.
ARF
Acute Renal Failure
BPH
Benign prostatic hyperplasia,  Benign prostatic hypertrophy
cath
Catheterization, catheter
CRF
chronic renal failure
cysto
cystoscopy
ESRD
end-stage renal disease
ESWL
extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy
TURP
transurethral resection of prostate (for prostatectomy)
UA
urinalysis
UTI
urinary tract infection


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