Medical Terminology - Urology

77 cards

Urology, Genitourinary system, genitals and urinary system, terms and definitions.


 
  
Created Jul 15, 2010
by
missjoci

 

 
Table View
 
Download
 
Print

Flashcard Set Preview

  Side A   Side B
1
Urinary System
 
primary function is to regulate the volume and composition of fluids in the body and remove...
2
Kidneys
 
rlie just above the waist on either side of the vertebral column, behind the posterior wall...
3
Nephron
 
help regulate blood composition and urine formation, located inside the kidneys, each kidney...
4
Renal Artery
 
takes blood into the kidney, branches into arterioles, and then into the nephrons.
5
Renal vein
 
takes blood out of the kidneys that has been processed by the nephrons.
6
Renal pelvis
 
enlarged funnel-shaped extension of the urteter that receives waste material from the nephrons...
7
Gonads
 
primary sex organs for both men and women.
8
Testes
 
paired oval glands that descend into the scrotum, contain specialized structures that are responsible...
9
Scrotum
 
Saclike structure holding testes.
10
Vas deferens
 
sperm transporting duct, long tube for transporting sperm.
11
Ejaculatory ducts
 
Duct that ejaculates sperm.
12
Prostate Gland
 
Located next to the ejaculatory ducts.
13
Penis
 
exerternal genital organ in males. Used for reproduction and urination.
14
Prepuce
 
foreskin
15
nephro/o, nephroma
 
kidney, tumor of the kidney
16
ren/o, renal
 
kidney, pertaining to the kidney
17
pyel/o, pyel/o/lith/o/tomy
 
renal pelvis, incision to remove renal calculi from the pelvis of the kidney.
18
cyst/o, cystoscope
 
bladder, instrument for examining and treating lesions of the urinary bladder, ureter, and...
19
ureter/o, ureterocele
 
ureter, cystlike dilation or swelling of the ureter near its opening into the bladder.
20
urethr/o, urethr/o/dynia
 
urethra, pain in the urethra.
21
ur/o, ur/o/graphy
 
urinary tract,urine, process of recording x-ray images of the urinary tract (kidneys, ureter,...
22
ur/o, ur/emia
 
urine, urinary tract,  excessive amnts of urea and other nitrogenous waste products in...
23
urin/o, urin/o/meter
 
urine, urinary tract,  a device for determining the specific gravity of urine.
24
poly-, poly/uria
 
many, much,  excessive secretion and discharge of urine.
25
supra-, supra/ren/al
 
above, excessive,  located above the kidneys.
26
-kal-, hyper/kal/emia
 
potassium, excessive potassium in the blood.
27
-azot-, hypo/azot/uria
 
nitrogenous compounds,  excretion of abnormally small quantities of nitrogenous compounds.
28
-uria, an/uria
 
urine,  absence of urine formation.
29
orcho/o, orch/itis
 
testes, inflammation of one or both of the testes.
30
orchi/o, orchi/o/pexy
 
testes, surgical fixation of an undescended testicle by implanting it into the scrotum
31
orchid/o, orchid/ectomy
 
testes, excision of one or more testicles.
32
test/o, test/is
 
testes, one pair of male gonads that produce sperm and testosterone.
33
prostat/o,  prostat/o/megaly
 
prostate gland, enlargement of the prostate.
34
spermat/o, spermat/o/lysis
 
sperm, destruction of sperm
35
sperm/o, oligo/sperm/ia
 
sperm, a temp or permanent deficiency in the number of spermatozoa in the semen.
36
vas/o, vas/ectomy
 
vessel, vas deferens, duct,  procedure for male sterilization involving removal of a part...
37
circum-, circum/cision
 
around,  removal of the foreskin of the penis.
38
para-, para/phim/osis
 
near, beside, beyond,  abnormal condition characterized by inability to replace foreskin...
39
anuria
 
complete suppression of urinary secretion by the kidneys.
40
diuresis
 
abnormal secretion of large amounts of urine.
41
dysuria
 
painful or difficult urination
42
end-stage renal disease
 
final phase of kidney disease process (ESRD)
43
enuresis
 
Involuntary discharge of urine after the age by which bladder should have been established....
44
Hematuria
 
blood in the urine.
45
Hydronephrosis
 
distention of the renal pelvis and calyces of a kidney caused by a urinary tract obstruction....
46
Nephrolithiasis
 
Condition characterized by the presence of Kidney stones.  (Renal Calculi).
47
Nocturia
 
excessive urination at night, genally due to a large prostate.
48
Oliguria
 
Diminished or scanty urination in relation to fluid intake.  
49
Polydipsia
 
excessive thirst.  A sign of diabetes.
50
Pyelonephritis
 
a bacterial infection of the renal pelvis and renal medulla of one or both kidneys.  Bladder...
51
Pyuria
 
the presence of white blood cells in the urine.  Pus in urine.
52
Renal Hypertension
 
high blood pressure resulting from a kidney disease.
53
Urinary incontinence
 
Intermittent or complete absence of ability to control the release of urine from the bladder.
54
Benign prostatic hyperplastia 
 
A nonmalignant enlargement of the prostate due to excessive growth of prostatic tissue. (BPH) 
55
Transurethral Prostatectomy
 
To control BPH that isn't controllable with medications.  (TURP)
56
Phimosis
 
Stenosis of preputial orifice in which the foreskin cannot be pushed back over the glans penis. 
57
Prostatic cancer
 
A malignant neoplasm of the prostate tissue, creating pressure on the upper part of the urethra.
58
Catheterization
 
insertion of a catheter (hollow flexible tube) into a body cavity or organ to instill a substance...
59
Cystoscopy
 
Visual examination of the urinary bladder by inserting a cystoscope into the urethra.
60
Circumcision
 
Surgical removal of the foreskin or the prepuce of the penis.
61
Kidney transplantation
 
surgical implantation of a kidney from a compatible donor or recipient.
62
Extracorporeal Shock-wave lithotripsy
 
A noninvasive procedure to break up kidney stones.  The shock waves are focused on the...
63
Stent Placement
 
use of a device to hold open vessels, tubes, or an obstructed ureter.
64
Vasectomy
 
Removal of all or a segment of the vas deferens.
65
Dialysis
 
Process of diffusing blood across semipermeable membrane to remove toxic materials to maintain...
66
hemodialysis
 
method of providing fuction of the kidneys by circulating tubes made of semipermeable membranes
67
Peritoneal dialysis
 
dialysis in which lining of the peritoneal cavity is used a s the dialyzing membrane.
68
ARF
 
Acute Renal Failure
69
BPH
 
Benign prostatic hyperplasia,  Benign prostatic hypertrophy
70
cath
 
Catheterization, catheter
71
CRF
 
chronic renal failure
72
cysto
 
cystoscopy
73
ESRD
 
end-stage renal disease
74
ESWL
 
extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy
75
TURP
 
transurethral resection of prostate (for prostatectomy)
76
UA
 
urinalysis
77
UTI
 
urinary tract infection

No comments yet! Be the first to add a comment below!

Please login to post comments.
After login, we will forward you back to this flashcard.


Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Upgrade    Cancel