Medical Terminology - Radiology & Labs

Radiology, Labs, And Abbreviations

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Intravenous pyelogram
IVP, procedure where contrast medium is injected IV and serial x-ray films are taken to provide...
(kidneys Ureter bladder) radiograph obtained w/out the use of a contrast medium that illustrates...
Barium Enema
BE, radiographic examination of the rectum and colon following administration of barium sulfate...
Chest X-Ray
CXR, radiograph of the chest taken from the anteroposterior, posteroanterior, or lateral projections.
Angio, diagnostic or therapeutic radiography of the heart and blood vessels using radiopaque...
Radiography of the spinal cord after injection of a contrast medium into the spinal canal.
US, diagnostic procedure that used ultrasound that is high-frequency, inaudible sound waves,...
Computed tomography
CT, CAT, also called computerized tomography, computerized axial tomography.  Makes use...
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
MRI, noninvasive scanning procedure, uses magnetic waves to produce multi-planar cross-sectional...
radiographic procedure that uses a fluorescnt screen instead of a photgraphic plate to produce...
radiographic imaging of the breast to screen for breast cancer.  The actural radiograph...
Nuclear Medicine
a medical specialty that uses radioactive substances in the diagnosis and treatment of disease....
combines computed tomography with the use of radio pharmaceuticals.  Produces cross-sectional...
Blood, Urea, Nitrogen
BUN, test that measures the amount of urea normally excreted by the kidneys in the blood.  An...
UA, a physical, chemical, and microscopic analysis of the urine.  
Stool Guaiac (hemoccult)
test performed on feces using the reagnet gum guaiac to detect the presence of blood in the...
Liver Function Tests
LFTs, a batter of tests used to determine liver cell dysfunction and liver disease.  
Culture and Sensitivity
C&S, lab test that detects and identifies pathogenic bacteria and determines the appropriate...
blood test that measures the level of the enzyme creatine phosphokinase.
Complete Blood Count
CBC, routine series of tests that screen for abnormal conditions in the blood.
Pro Thrombin
PT, a test that measures the ability of the blood to clot.  Used to evaluate the effectiveness...
Throat Culture
test used to determine the presence of pathogenic bacteria, such as streptococci in the throat.
blood test to detect the presence of cell surface protein produced by ovarian cancer cells;...
Prostate-specific antigen
PSA, blood test to screen for prostate cancer; an elevated level of proein produced by the...
Carcinoembryonic antigen
CEA, blood test to measure carcinoma-associated embryonic proteins.

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