Medical Terminology Final Part 2

88 cards


 
  
Created Dec 10, 2012
by
jmo214

 

 
Table View
 
Download
 
Print

Flashcard Set Preview

  Side A   Side B
1
The soft, jelly-like material behind the lens in the vitreous chamber which helps maintain...
 
vitreous humor
2
Dandruff is a form of
 
seborrhea
3
Which combining form refers to the same color as jaundice?
 
xanth/o
4
Which combining form refers to the color white?
 
albin/o
5
Which term means an inflammation of the eyelid?
 
blepharitis
6
Lower jaw bone
 
mandibul/o
7
ischium
 
ischi/o
8
Smooth muscle
 
 leiomy/o
9
Collarbone
 
clavic/o
10
Abduction
 
away from body
11
Adduction
 
towards body
12
Flexion  
 
bending a limb
13
Pronation
 
turning the palm backward
14
Rotation
 

circular movement around an axis
 

15

shoulder bone

 
scapula
16
Poor formation of bone is known as:
 
Osteodystrophy
17
_______ is a malignant tumor of smooth muscle.
 
Leiomyosarcoma
18
________ is an inflammation of joints caused by excessive uric acid accumulation.
 
Gouty arthritis
19
Which term means pertaining to the upper arm bone?
 
humeral
20
________ is a lateral curvature of the spinal column.
 
scoliosis
21
What is the medical term for a clubfoot?
 
talipes
22
_________ is slipping or subluxation of a vertebra
 
Spondylolisthesis 
23
The smaller of the two lower leg bones is the:
 
fibula
24
An opening or passage in bones where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave is a:
 
foramen
25
Mandible, vomer, maxilla, and zygomatic are all bones of the:
 
face
26
Opening or passage in bones where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave
 
foramen
27
The knuckle-like process at the end of a bone is called a:
 
 
condoyle
28
________ is a condition of stiffening and immobility of a joint.
 
ankylosis
29
The connective tissue that binds muscle to bone is a(n):
 
tendon
30
Soft spot between the skull bones of an infant
 
fontanelle
31
Shaft, or mid-portion of a long bone
 
diaphysis
32
Narrow, slit-like opening in or between bones
 
fissure
33
The wasting away (no development) of muscle is:
 
 
atrophy
34
Movement away from the midline of the body is known as
 
abduction
35
_________ is a malignant tumor of smooth muscle.
 

leiomyosarcoma

36
________ is the loss of strength of muscles (often with paralysis) because of a defect at the...
 
myasthenia gravis
37
_________ is the inflammation of bone and bone marrow.
 
osteomyelitis
38
The process of bone formation is known as:
 
 
ossification
39
In the ______ test, a sample of blood is spun in a test tube so that red cells fall to the...
 
Hematocrit
40
The wasting away (no development) of muscle is:
 
atrophy
41
The term ______ means derived from bone marrow.
 
myeloid
42
When determining ____, a blood smear is examined to determine the shape or form of the cells.
 
red blood cell morphology
43
_____ occurs when the symptoms of a disease return.
 
relapse
44
For the ___________, venous blood is collected in an anti-coagulant and the distance cells...
 
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate
45
________ is a lack of mature red cells due to theninability to absorb vitamin B12 into the...
 
Pernicious anemia
46
______ is the pigment produced from hemoglobin when red blood cells are destroyed.
 
bilirubin
47
____ are foreign material that invades the body.
 
antigens
48
Groin
 
inguin/o
49
Poison
 
tox/o
50
Protection
 
-phylaxis
51
Resembling, derived from
 
-oid
52
Eat, swallow
 
phag/o
53
Clotting
 
coagul/o
54
Bone marrow
 
myel/o
55
Removal, carry away
 
apherisis
56
____ is a malignant tumor of lymph nodes
 
Lymphocytopenia
57
HIV is:
 
The virus that causes AIDS
58
The __________ produces lymphocytes and monocytes and all other blood cells.
 
bone marrow
59
Interferons and interleukins are
 
Antiviral proteins produced by T cell lymphocytes
60
_____ is a fungal infection associated with AIDS which involves the brain and meninges, lungs,...
 
Cryptococcus
61
___ is a major lung infection with fever, cough, chest pain, and sputum. Treatment is with...
 
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
62
____ is a protozoan (parasitic) infection associated with AIDS. It produces pneumonitis, hepatitis,...
 
toxoplasmosis
63
____ are examples of immunoglobulins.
 
IgA, IgG, IgE
64
All of the following are part of the immune system EXCEPT:
 
platelets
65
What is the fluid that lies between cells throughout the body?
 
interstitial
66
Excessive bleeding caused by an inherited deficiency of one of the blood clotting factors is...
 
hemophilia
67
The term “-blast” is used as a suffix to describe cells which are
 
immature
68
Immunoglobulins are
 
antibodies secreted by plasma cells
69
The blood contains the following to transport oxygen?
 
ethrocytes
70
What is the malignant condition associated with AIDS?
 
Kaposi’s sarcoma
71
An undifferentiated blood cell is called a/an
 
stem cell
72
A severe or unusual hypersensitivity to a foreign protein is
 
anaphylaxis
73
Which type of immunity is involved in the formation of antibodies and specific lymphocytes...
 
acquired
74
Leukemia is characterized by
 
the production of malignant white blood cells
75
Inherited disease of exocrine glands leading to airway obstruction
 
cystic fibrosis
76
Spasm and narrowing of bronchi leading to airway obstruction
 
asthma
77
Type of pneumoconiosis; dust particles are inhaled
 

asbestosis

78
Lung or portion of a lung is collapsed
 
atelectasis
79
Thin hairs attached to the mucous membrane lining the respiratory tract are _____.
 
cilia
80
Air sacs of the lung are called _____.
 
alveoli
81
The region between the lungs in the chest cavity is the _____.
 

mediastinum

82
Branches of the windpipe that lead into the lungs are the _____.
 
bronchi
83
_______ is the spitting up of blood from the lungs.
 
hemoptysis
84
This bronchial airway obstruction marked by paroxysmal dyspnea, wheezing, and cough:
 
asthma
85
The "P" in DPT stands for:
 
pertussis
86
A collection of pus in the pleural cavity is:
 
pyothorax
87
________ is a localized area of pus formation in the lungs.
 
pulmonary abcess
88
Pulmonary parenchyma consist of the
 
alveoli and bronchioles

No comments yet! Be the first to add a comment below!

Please login to post comments.
After login, we will forward you back to this flashcard.


Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Upgrade    Cancel