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Medical Terminology Final Part 2


  
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The soft, jelly-like material behind the lens in the vitreous chamber which helps maintain the shape of the eyeball is the:
 
vitreous humor
Dandruff is a form of
 
seborrhea
Which combining form refers to the same color as jaundice?
 
xanth/o
Which combining form refers to the color white?
 
albin/o
Which term means an inflammation of the eyelid?
 
blepharitis
Lower jaw bone
 
mandibul/o
ischium
 
ischi/o
Smooth muscle
 
leiomy/o
Collarbone
 
clavic/o
Abduction
 
away from body
Adduction
 
towards body
Flexion
 
bending a limb
Pronation
 
turning the palm backward
Rotation
 

circular movement around an axis

shoulder bone
 
scapula
Poor formation of bone is known as:
 
Osteodystrophy
_______ is a malignant tumor of smooth muscle.
 
Leiomyosarcoma
________ is an inflammation of joints caused by excessive uric acid accumulation.
 
Gouty arthritis
Which term means pertaining to the upper arm bone?
 
humeral
________ is a lateral curvature of the spinal column.
 
scoliosis
What is the medical term for a clubfoot?
 
talipes
_________ is slipping or subluxation of a vertebra
 
Spondylolisthesis
The smaller of the two lower leg bones is the:
 
fibula
An opening or passage in bones where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave is a:
 
foramen
Mandible, vomer, maxilla, and zygomatic are all bones of the:
 
face
Opening or passage in bones where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave
 
foramen
The knuckle-like process at the end of a bone is called a:
 
condoyle
________ is a condition of stiffening and immobility of a joint.
 
ankylosis
The connective tissue that binds muscle to bone is a(n):
 
tendon
Soft spot between the skull bones of an infant
 
fontanelle
Shaft, or mid-portion of a long bone
 
diaphysis
Narrow, slit-like opening in or between bones
 
fissure
The wasting away (no development) of muscle is:
 
atrophy
Movement away from the midline of the body is known as
 
abduction
_________ is a malignant tumor of smooth muscle.
 

leiomyosarcoma
________ is the loss of strength of muscles (often with paralysis) because of a defect at the connection between the nerve and the muscle cell.
 
myasthenia gravis
_________ is the inflammation of bone and bone marrow.
 
osteomyelitis
The process of bone formation is known as:
 
ossification
In the ______ test, a sample of blood is spun in a test tube so that red cells fall to the bottom and the percentage of RBCs is determined.
 
Hematocrit
The wasting away (no development) of muscle is:
 
atrophy
The term ______ means derived from bone marrow.
 
myeloid
When determining ____, a blood smear is examined to determine the shape or form of the cells.
 
red blood cell morphology
_____ occurs when the symptoms of a disease return.
 
relapse
For the ___________, venous blood is collected in an anti-coagulant and the distance cells fall in a period of time is determined.
 
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate
________ is a lack of mature red cells due to theninability to absorb vitamin B12 into the body.
 
Pernicious anemia
______ is the pigment produced from hemoglobin when red blood cells are destroyed.
 
bilirubin
____ are foreign material that invades the body.
 
antigens
Groin
 
inguin/o
Poison
 
tox/o
Protection
 
-phylaxis
Resembling, derived from
 
-oid
Eat, swallow
 
phag/o
Clotting
 
coagul/o
Bone marrow
 
myel/o
Removal, carry away
 
apherisis
____ is a malignant tumor of lymph nodes
 
Lymphocytopenia
HIV is:
 
The virus that causes AIDS
The __________ produces lymphocytes and monocytes and all other blood cells.
 
bone marrow
Interferons and interleukins are
 
Antiviral proteins produced by T cell lymphocytes
_____ is a fungal infection associated with AIDS which involves the brain and meninges, lungs, and skin.
 
Cryptococcus
___ is a major lung infection with fever, cough, chest pain, and sputum. Treatment is with Bactrim:
 
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
____ is a protozoan (parasitic) infection associated with AIDS. It produces pneumonitis, hepatitis, and encephalitis:
 
toxoplasmosis
____ are examples of immunoglobulins.
 
IgA, IgG, IgE
All of the following are part of the immune system EXCEPT:
 
platelets
What is the fluid that lies between cells throughout the body?
 
interstitial
Excessive bleeding caused by an inherited deficiency of one of the blood clotting factors is
 
hemophilia
The term “-blast” is used as a suffix to describe cells which are
 
immature
Immunoglobulins are
 
antibodies secreted by plasma cells
The blood contains the following to transport oxygen?
 
ethrocytes
What is the malignant condition associated with AIDS?
 
Kaposi’s sarcoma
An undifferentiated blood cell is called a/an
 
stem cell
A severe or unusual hypersensitivity to a foreign protein is
 
anaphylaxis
Which type of immunity is involved in the formation of antibodies and specific lymphocytes after exposure to an antigen?
 
acquired
Leukemia is characterized by
 
the production of malignant white blood cells
Inherited disease of exocrine glands leading to airway obstruction
 
cystic fibrosis
Spasm and narrowing of bronchi leading to airway obstruction
 
asthma
Type of pneumoconiosis; dust particles are inhaled
 

asbestosis
Lung or portion of a lung is collapsed
 
atelectasis
Thin hairs attached to the mucous membrane lining the respiratory tract are _____.
 
cilia
Air sacs of the lung are called _____.
 
alveoli
The region between the lungs in the chest cavity is the _____.
 

mediastinum
Branches of the windpipe that lead into the lungs are the _____.
 
bronchi
_______ is the spitting up of blood from the lungs.
 
hemoptysis
This bronchial airway obstruction marked by paroxysmal dyspnea, wheezing, and cough:
 
asthma
The "P" in DPT stands for:
 
pertussis
A collection of pus in the pleural cavity is:
 
pyothorax
________ is a localized area of pus formation in the lungs.
 
pulmonary abcess
Pulmonary parenchyma consist of the
 
alveoli and bronchioles

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