Medical Terminology - Endocrinology

35 cards

Endocrinology, The Study Of Endocrine Glands.


 
  
Created Jul 22, 2010
by
missjoci

 

 
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1
pituatary gland (hypophysis)
 
located at the base of the brain, small pea-shaped gland attached to the hypothalamus.  Referred...
2
thyroid gland
 
H-shaped organ comprising two lobes that lie on either side of the trachea, connected by a...
3
parathyroid glands
 
four glands:  a superior pair and an inferior pair, which are attached to each lateral...
4
adrenal glands (suprarenal)
 
attached to the upper portion of each kidney.  Suprarenal refers to the location (above=supra)....
5
pancreas (islets of Langerhans)
 
located posterior to the stomach, between the spleen and duodenum.  Functions as endo...
6
ovaries
 
almond shaped glands located in the pelvic cavity of a female, one on each side of the uterus....
7
testes
 
two oval glands in a  male that lie in the scrotum.  Produce spermatozoa.
8
thymus gland
 
positioned in front of the aorta and behing the sternum. It comprises lymphatic tissue and...
9
adren/o, adren/o/pathy
 
adrenal glands,  any disease of the adrenal glands.
10
adrenal/o,  adrenal/ectomy
 
adrenal glands,  surgical removal of one or both adrenal glands.
11
gluc/o, gluc/o/genesis
 
sugar, sweetness,  formation of glucose.
12
glyc/o,  glyc/ur/esis
 
sugar, sweetness.  urinary excretion of glucose.
13
pancreat/o,  pancreat/oma
 
pancreas,  pancreatic tumor.
14
thyr/o,  thyr/o/megaly
 
thyroid gland, enlargement of the thyroid gland.
15
thyroid/o,  thyroid/ectomy
 
thyroid gland, surgical removal of the thyroid gland.
16
diabetes mellitus (DM)
 
chronic disorder of carbohydrate metabolism that is primarily a result of a deficiency or complete...
17
insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), type 1
 
occurs mostly in children and adolescents (juvenile onset) and may be associated with a genetic...
18
non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), type 2
 
The onset of NIDDM is usually later in life (maturity onset).  It is different from type...
19
hypercalcemia
 
Excessive amount of calcium in the blood.
20
hyperglycemia
 
Abnormally high levels of glucose in the blood, as in diabetes.
21
hyperkalemia
 
Excessive amount of potassium in the blood.
22
hyperthyroidism
 
a condition characterized by overactivity of the thyroid gland.
23
hypoglycemia
 
Deficiency of glucose in the blood, usually caused by administration of too much insulin, excessive...
24
hyponatremia
 
a decreased concentration of sodium in the blood.
25
hypothyroidism
 
undersecretion of the thyroid gland, which results in a lowered metabolism with obesity, dry...
26
ketosis
 
the abnormal accumulation of ketones in the body as a result of excessive breakdown of fats...
27
ketoacidosis
 
acidosis accompanied by an accumulation of ketones in the body, resulting from extensive breakdown...
28
pancreatitis
 
an inflammatory condition of the pancreas that may be acute or chronic.
29
thyromegaly
 
enlargement of the thyroid gland.  Goiter.
30
adrenectomy
 
excision of a gland.
31
Ca
 
calcium
32
IDDM
 
insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
33
K
 
potassium
34
Na
 
sodium
35
NIDDM
 
non-insuin-dependent diabetes mellitus


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