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Side ASide B
pituatary gland (hypophysis)
located at the base of the brain, small pea-shaped gland attached to the hypothalamus. Referred...
H-shaped organ comprising two lobes that lie on either side of the trachea, connected by a...
four glands: a superior pair and an inferior pair, which are attached to each lateral...
adrenal glands (suprarenal)
attached to the upper portion of each kidney. Suprarenal refers to the location (above=supra)....
pancreas (islets of Langerhans)
located posterior to the stomach, between the spleen and duodenum. Functions as endo...
almond shaped glands located in the pelvic cavity of a female, one on each side of the uterus....
two oval glands in a male that lie in the scrotum. Produce spermatozoa.
positioned in front of the aorta and behing the sternum. It comprises lymphatic tissue and...
adrenal glands, any disease of the adrenal glands.
adrenal glands, surgical removal of one or both adrenal glands.
sugar, sweetness, formation of glucose.
sugar, sweetness. urinary excretion of glucose.
pancreas, pancreatic tumor.
thyroid gland, enlargement of the thyroid gland.
thyroid gland, surgical removal of the thyroid gland.
diabetes mellitus (DM)
chronic disorder of carbohydrate metabolism that is primarily a result of a deficiency or complete...
insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), type 1
occurs mostly in children and adolescents (juvenile onset) and may be associated with a genetic...
non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), type 2
The onset of NIDDM is usually later in life (maturity onset). It is different from type...
Excessive amount of calcium in the blood.
Abnormally high levels of glucose in the blood, as in diabetes.
Excessive amount of potassium in the blood.
a condition characterized by overactivity of the thyroid gland.
Deficiency of glucose in the blood, usually caused by administration of too much insulin, excessive...
a decreased concentration of sodium in the blood.
undersecretion of the thyroid gland, which results in a lowered metabolism with obesity, dry...
the abnormal accumulation of ketones in the body as a result of excessive breakdown of fats...
acidosis accompanied by an accumulation of ketones in the body, resulting from extensive breakdown...
an inflammatory condition of the pancreas that may be acute or chronic.
enlargement of the thyroid gland. Goiter.
excision of a gland.
insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
non-insuin-dependent diabetes mellitus