Medical Terminology - Endocrinology

Endocrinology, The Study Of Endocrine Glands.
  
Created Jul 22, 2010
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missjoci
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pituatary gland (hypophysis)
located at the base of the brain, small pea-shaped gland attached to the hypothalamus.  Referred...
thyroid gland
H-shaped organ comprising two lobes that lie on either side of the trachea, connected by a...
parathyroid glands
four glands:  a superior pair and an inferior pair, which are attached to each lateral...
adrenal glands (suprarenal)
attached to the upper portion of each kidney.  Suprarenal refers to the location (above=supra)....
pancreas (islets of Langerhans)
located posterior to the stomach, between the spleen and duodenum.  Functions as endo...
ovaries
almond shaped glands located in the pelvic cavity of a female, one on each side of the uterus....
testes
two oval glands in a  male that lie in the scrotum.  Produce spermatozoa.
thymus gland
positioned in front of the aorta and behing the sternum. It comprises lymphatic tissue and...
adren/o, adren/o/pathy
adrenal glands,  any disease of the adrenal glands.
adrenal/o,  adrenal/ectomy
adrenal glands,  surgical removal of one or both adrenal glands.
gluc/o, gluc/o/genesis
sugar, sweetness,  formation of glucose.
glyc/o,  glyc/ur/esis
sugar, sweetness.  urinary excretion of glucose.
pancreat/o,  pancreat/oma
pancreas,  pancreatic tumor.
thyr/o,  thyr/o/megaly
thyroid gland, enlargement of the thyroid gland.
thyroid/o,  thyroid/ectomy
thyroid gland, surgical removal of the thyroid gland.
diabetes mellitus (DM)
chronic disorder of carbohydrate metabolism that is primarily a result of a deficiency or complete...
insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), type 1
occurs mostly in children and adolescents (juvenile onset) and may be associated with a genetic...
non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), type 2
The onset of NIDDM is usually later in life (maturity onset).  It is different from type...
hypercalcemia
Excessive amount of calcium in the blood.
hyperglycemia
Abnormally high levels of glucose in the blood, as in diabetes.
hyperkalemia
Excessive amount of potassium in the blood.
hyperthyroidism
a condition characterized by overactivity of the thyroid gland.
hypoglycemia
Deficiency of glucose in the blood, usually caused by administration of too much insulin, excessive...
hyponatremia
a decreased concentration of sodium in the blood.
hypothyroidism
undersecretion of the thyroid gland, which results in a lowered metabolism with obesity, dry...
ketosis
the abnormal accumulation of ketones in the body as a result of excessive breakdown of fats...
ketoacidosis
acidosis accompanied by an accumulation of ketones in the body, resulting from extensive breakdown...
pancreatitis
an inflammatory condition of the pancreas that may be acute or chronic.
thyromegaly
enlargement of the thyroid gland.  Goiter.
adrenectomy
excision of a gland.
Ca
calcium
IDDM
insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
K
potassium
Na
sodium
NIDDM
non-insuin-dependent diabetes mellitus


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