Medical Terminology -The Digestive System, Pt 1 (ch8)

Medical Termi Nology R
 
Created Nov 5, 2009
by annaslvnglife
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Side ASide B
or/o, stomat/o
Mouth  
pharyng/o
Pharynx
gastr/o
Stomach
esophag/o
Esophagus  
enter/o
Small Intestine
col/o, colon/o
Large Intestine
an/o, proct/o, rect/o,
Rectum and Anus
hepat/o
Liver
cholecyst/o
Gall bladder
pancreat/o
Pancrease
-emesis
vomiting
-lithiasis
presence of stones
-pepsia, pept/o
digest, digestion
-phagia
eating, swallowing
sigmoid/o
sigmoid colon
upper GI tract consists of the
mouth, esophagus and stomach
the lower GI tract consists of the
large and small intestines and the rectum and anus.
The Lips are also known as the...
libia
the ________  ________attatch the lips to the jaws
libial frenum
The palate consist of what 3 main partsl.
HARD PALATE -  the bony anterior portion with mucous membranes with bony ridges ("Rugae") The...
DORSUM
Upper surface of the tongue.
PAPILLAE
also known as taste buds.
LINGUAL FRENUM
attatches the tongue to the floor of the mouth and limits its motion.
Periodontium
consists of the bone and soft tissues that surround and support the teeth.
the root "odonti"
teeth.  periodontium = peri - surrouding; odonti - teeth; um- noun ending
GINGIVA is also known as the.....
gums
the Upper and Lower Jaws are commonly called the_______________ and ________________
maxillary and mandibular arches
"temporomandibular"
TMJ
the term DENTITION refers to.......
the natural teeth arranged in the upper and lower jaws
name the 4 types of teeth
INCISORS and CANINES; also known as CUSPIDS which are used for biting and tearing. PREMOLARS...
Baby teeth are sometimes called.....
Primary dentition or deciduous dentition.
Permanent dentition consists of __ number of teeth
32
EDENTULOUS
without teeth
OCCLUSION
any contact between the chewing surfaces fo the upper and lower teeth
MALOCCLOUSION
any deviation from the normal positioning of the upper teeth against the lower teeth.
tooth CROWN
the visible portion of the tooth
ENAMEL
the hardest substance in the body, covers the tooth
dpurpose of the tooth ROOT
to hold the tooth securely in place within the dental arch.
CEMENTUM
protects the root, but is not as strong as enamel
CERVIX
neck of the tooth where the crown and the root meet.
DENTEN
makes up the bulk of the tooth structure and is protected on the outer surfaces by the enamel...
PULP
consists of a rich suply of blood vessels and nerves thyat provide the nutrients and innervation...
In the crown the PULP is located in the... In the root the PULP is located in the ...
pulp cavity. root canals
SALIVA
is a colorless liquid that moistens the mouth, begins the digestive process, and loubricates...
PAROTID GLANDS are located...
on the face in front of and slightly lower than the ear.
SUBLINGUAL GLANDS are located....
on the floor of the mouth under the tongue.
the SUBMANDIBULAR GLANDS are located...
on the floor of the mouth near the mandible.

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