Medical Terminology -The Digestive System, Pt 1 (ch8)

47 cards

Medical Termi nology r


 
  
Created Nov 5, 2009
by
annaslvnglife

 

 
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1
or/o, stomat/o
 

Mouth

 

2
pharyng/o
 
Pharynx
3
gastr/o
 
Stomach
4
esophag/o
 

Esophagus

 

5
enter/o
 
Small Intestine
6
col/o, colon/o
 
Large Intestine
7
an/o, proct/o, rect/o,
 
Rectum and Anus
8
hepat/o
 
Liver
9
cholecyst/o
 
Gall bladder
10
pancreat/o
 
Pancrease
11
-emesis
 
vomiting
12
-lithiasis
 
presence of stones
13
-pepsia, pept/o
 
digest, digestion
14
-phagia
 
eating, swallowing
15
sigmoid/o
 
sigmoid colon
16
upper GI tract consists of the
 
mouth, esophagus and stomach
17
the lower GI tract consists of the
 
large and small intestines and the rectum and anus.
18
The Lips are also known as the...
 
libia
19
the ________  ________attatch the lips to the jaws
 
libial frenum
20
The palate consist of what 3 main partsl.
 

HARD PALATE -  the bony anterior portion with mucous membranes with bony ridges ("Rugae")

The...

21
DORSUM
 
Upper surface of the tongue.
22
PAPILLAE
 
also known as taste buds.
23
LINGUAL FRENUM
 
attatches the tongue to the floor of the mouth and limits its motion.
24
Periodontium
 
consists of the bone and soft tissues that surround and support the teeth.
25
the root "odonti"
 

teeth.

 periodontium = peri - surrouding; odonti - teeth; um- noun ending

26
GINGIVA is also known as the.....
 
gums
27
the Upper and Lower Jaws are commonly called the_______________ and ________________
 
maxillary and mandibular arches
28
"temporomandibular"
 
TMJ
29
the term DENTITION refers to.......
 
the natural teeth arranged in the upper and lower jaws
30
name the 4 types of teeth
 

INCISORS and CANINES; also known as CUSPIDS which are used for biting and tearing.

PREMOLARS...

31
Baby teeth are sometimes called.....
 
Primary dentition or deciduous dentition.
32
Permanent dentition consists of __ number of teeth
 
32
33
EDENTULOUS
 
without teeth
34
OCCLUSION
 
any contact between the chewing surfaces fo the upper and lower teeth
35
MALOCCLOUSION
 
any deviation from the normal positioning of the upper teeth against the lower teeth.
36
tooth CROWN
 
the visible portion of the tooth
37
ENAMEL
 
the hardest substance in the body, covers the tooth
38
dpurpose of the tooth ROOT
 
to hold the tooth securely in place within the dental arch.
39
CEMENTUM
 
protects the root, but is not as strong as enamel
40
CERVIX
 
neck of the tooth where the crown and the root meet.
41
DENTEN
 
makes up the bulk of the tooth structure and is protected on the outer surfaces by the enamel...
42
PULP
 
consists of a rich suply of blood vessels and nerves thyat provide the nutrients and innervation...
43

In the crown the PULP is located in the...

In the root the PULP is located in the...

 

pulp cavity.

root canals

44
SALIVA
 
is a colorless liquid that moistens the mouth, begins the digestive process, and loubricates...
45
PAROTID GLANDS are located...
 
on the face in front of and slightly lower than the ear.
46
SUBLINGUAL GLANDS are located....
 
on the floor of the mouth under the tongue.
47
the SUBMANDIBULAR GLANDS are located...
 
on the floor of the mouth near the mandible.

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