Medical Terminology -The Digestive System, Pt 1 (ch8)

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Medical Terminology -The Digestive System, Pt 1 (ch8)

Medical Termi Nology R

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Front Back
or/o, stomat/o
 
Mouth
pharyng/o
 
Pharynx
gastr/o
 
Stomach
esophag/o
 
Esophagus
enter/o
 
Small Intestine
col/o, colon/o
 
Large Intestine
an/o, proct/o, rect/o,
 
Rectum and Anus
hepat/o
 
Liver
cholecyst/o
 
Gall bladder
pancreat/o
 
Pancrease
-emesis
 
vomiting
-lithiasis
 
presence of stones
-pepsia, pept/o
 
digest, digestion
-phagia
 
eating, swallowing
sigmoid/o
 
sigmoid colon
upper GI tract consists of the
 
mouth, esophagus and stomach
the lower GI tract consists of the
 
large and small intestines and the rectum and anus.
The Lips are also known as the...
 
libia
the ________ ________attatch the lips to the jaws
 
libial frenum
The palate consist of what 3 main partsl.
 
HARD PALATE - the bony anterior portion with mucous membranes with bony ridges ("Rugae") The SOFT PALATE- the flexible posterior portion of the palate. It has the role of closing off the nasal passage during swallowing . The UVULA- hangs from the free edge of the soft palate. it moves upward with the soft palate and also plays an important role in snoring and in the formation of some speech sounds.
DORSUM
 
Upper surface of the tongue.
PAPILLAE
 
also known as taste buds.
LINGUAL FRENUM
 
attatches the tongue to the floor of the mouth and limits its motion.
Periodontium
 
consists of the bone and soft tissues that surround and support the teeth.
the root "odonti"
 
teeth. periodontium = peri - surrouding; odonti - teeth; um- noun ending
GINGIVA is also known as the.....
 
gums
the Upper and Lower Jaws are commonly called the_______________ and ________________
 
maxillary and mandibular arches
"temporomandibular"
 
TMJ
the term DENTITION refers to.......
 
the natural teeth arranged in the upper and lower jaws
name the 4 types of teeth
 
INCISORS and CANINES; also known as CUSPIDS which are used for biting and tearing. PREMOLARS or BICUSPIDS MOLARS which are used for chewing.
Baby teeth are sometimes called.....
 
Primary dentition or deciduous dentition.
Permanent dentition consists of __ number of teeth
 
32
EDENTULOUS
 
without teeth
OCCLUSION
 
any contact between the chewing surfaces fo the upper and lower teeth
MALOCCLOUSION
 
any deviation from the normal positioning of the upper teeth against the lower teeth.
tooth CROWN
 
the visible portion of the tooth
ENAMEL
 
the hardest substance in the body, covers the tooth
dpurpose of the tooth ROOT
 
to hold the tooth securely in place within the dental arch.
CEMENTUM
 
protects the root, but is not as strong as enamel
CERVIX
 
neck of the tooth where the crown and the root meet.
DENTEN
 
makes up the bulk of the tooth structure and is protected on the outer surfaces by the enamel and cementum.
PULP
 
consists of a rich suply of blood vessels and nerves thyat provide the nutrients and innervation to the tooth.
In the crown the PULP is located in the... In the root the PULP is located in the ...
 
pulp cavity. root canals
SALIVA
 
is a colorless liquid that moistens the mouth, begins the digestive process, and loubricates food during chewing and swallowing.
PAROTID GLANDS are located...
 
on the face in front of and slightly lower than the ear.
SUBLINGUAL GLANDS are located....
 
on the floor of the mouth under the tongue.
the SUBMANDIBULAR GLANDS are located...
 
on the floor of the mouth near the mandible.
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