Medical Terminology Chapter 8

Medical Terminology Chapter 8 Chapter 8
Medical Terminology
Female Reproductive System
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adnexa uteri
 
fallopian tuves, ovaries, and supporting ligaments
amnion
 
inntermost membranous sac surrounding the breast niple
areola
 
dark pigmented area surrounding the breast nipple
bartholin glands
 
small mucus secreting exocring glands at the vaginal opening
Cervix
 
lower, neck like portion of the uterus
chorion
 
outermost layer of the 2 membranes surrounding the enbryo
clitoris
 
organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the opening of the gemale urethra
coitus
 
sexual intercourse
corpus luteum
 
empty ovarian follicle that secretes progesterone after release of the egg cell
cul-de-sac
 
region in the lower abdomen, midway between the rectum and the uterus
embryo
 
stage in the prenatal development from 2-8 weeks
endometrium
 
innter, mucous membrane lining of the uterus
estrogen
 
hormone produced by the ovaries
fallopian tube
 
one of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus
fertilization
 
union of the sperm cell and ovum from which the embryo develops
fetus
 
stage in prenatal development from 8-39 40 weeks
fimbriae
 
finger or fringe like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes
follicle-stimulating hormone
 
secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of the egg cell
gamete
 
male or female sexual reproductive cell
genitalia
 
reproductive organs
gestation
 
period from fertiliation of the ovum to birth
gonad
 
female or male reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones
gynecology
 
study of the female reproductive organs including the breasts
human chorionic gonadotropin
 
hormone produced by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating the ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone
hymen
 
mucous membrane partially or completely covering the opening to the vagina
labia
 
lips of the vagina
lactiferous ducts
 
tubes that carry milk within the breasts
luteinizing hormone
 
hormone produced by the pituitary gland
mammary papilla
 
nipple of the breast
menarche
 
beginning of the first menstrual period and ability to reproduc
menopause
 
gradual ending of menstruation
menstruation
 
monthly shedding of the uterine lining
menses
 
flow of blood and tissue normally discharged during menstruation
myometrium
 
muscle layer of the uterus
neonatology
 
brand of medicin that studies the disorders and care of the newborn
obstetrics
 
brand of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth
orifice
 
opening
ovarian follicle
 
developig sac enclosing each ovum within the ovary
ovary
 
one of a pair of female organs on each side of the pelvis
ovulation
 
release of the ovum from the ovary
ovum
 
mature egg cell
parturition
 
act of giving birth
perineum
 
in females the area betwee the anus and the vagina
pituitary gland
 
endocrine gland at the base of the brain
placenta
 
vascular organ that develops in the unterine wall during pregnancy
pregnancy
 
condition in a female of having a developing embryo and fetus in her uterus for about 40 weeks
progesterone
 
hormone produced by the corpus luteum in the ovary and the placenta of pregnant women
puberty
 
point in the life cycle at which secondary sex characteristics appear and gametes are produced
uterine serosa
 
outermost layer surrounding the uterus
uterus
 
hellow, pear shaped muscular female organ in which the embryo and fetus develop and from which menstruation occurs
bagina
 
muscual mucosa lined canal extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body
vulva
 
external female genitalia
zygote
 
stage in prenatal development from fertilization and implantation in 2 weeks
carcinoma of the cervix
 
malignant cells within the cervix
cervicitis
 
inflamation of the cervix
carcinoma of the endometrium
 
malignant tumor of the uterus
endometriosis
 
endometrial tissue located outside the uterus
fibroids
 
benign tumors in the uterus
ovarian carcinoma
 
malignant tumor of the ovary
ovarian cysts
 
collections of fluid within a sac in the ovary
pelvic inflammatory disease
 
inflammation and infection of organs in the pelvic region
carcinoma of the breast
 
lamignant tumor of the breast (breast cancer)
fibrocystic disease
 
numerous small sacs of fibrous connective tissue and fluid in the breast
abruptio placentae
 
premature separation of the implanted placenta
choriocarcinoma
 
malignant tumor of the placenta
ectopic pregnancy
 
implantation of the fertilized egg i any sitre other than the normal uterine location
multiple gestation
 
more than one fetus inside the uterus
placenta previa
 
implantation of the placenta over the cervical opening or in the lower region of the uterus
preeclampsia
 
abnormal condition associated with pregnancy, marked by high blood pressure, proteinuria, edema, and headache
downsyndrome
 
chromosomal abnormality
erythroblastosis fetalis
 
hemolytic disease in the newborn caused by a blood group oncompatibility between the mother and the fetus
hyaline membrane disease
 
acute lung disease comonly see in the premature newborn
hydrocephalus
 
accumulation of fluid in the spaces of the brain
meconium aspiration
 
abnormal inhalation of meconium produced by a fetus or new born
pyloric stenosis
 
narrowing of the opening of the stomach to the duodenum
pap test
 
microscopic examination of stained cells removed from the vagina and cervix
pregnancy test
 
blood or urin test to detect the presence of hCG
hysterosalpingography
 
x ray imaging of the uterus and fallopian tubes after injection of contrast material
mammography
 
xray imaging of the breast
breast ultrasound imaging and breast MRI
 
technologies using sound waves and magnetic waves to create images of breast tissue
pelvic ultrasonography
 
recording images of sound wabes as they bounce off organs in the pelvic region
aspitarion
 
withdrawl of fluid from a cavity or sac with an instrument using suction
cauterization
 
destruction of tissue by burning
colposcopy
 
visual examination of the bagin and cervix using a colposcope
conization
 
removal of cone shaped section of the cervix
cryosurgery
 
use of cold temperatures to destroy tissue
culdocentesis
 
needle aspiration of fluid from the cul-de-sac
dialation and curettage
 
widening the cervix and scraping off the endometrial lining of the uterus
exenteration
 
removal of internal organs within a cavity
laparoscopy
 
bisual examination of the abdominal cavity using an endoscope
tubal ligation
 
blocking the fallopian tubes to prevent fertilization from occuring
abortion
 
spontaneous or induced termination of pregnancy before the embryo or fetus can exist on its own
amniocentesis
 
needle puncture of the amniotic sac to withdraw amniotic fluid for analysis
cesarean section
 
surgica lincision of the abdominal wall and uterus to deliver a fetus
chorionic villus sampling
 
sampling of placental tissues for prenatal diagnosis
fetal monitoring
 
continuous recording of the fetal heart rate and maternal uterine contractions to reduce fetal distress durig labor
in citro fertilization
 
egg and sperm cells are combines outside the body in a laboratory dish to facilitate fertilization
pelvimetry
 
measurement of the dimensions of the maternal pelvis



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