Medical Terminology Chapter 8

Chapter 8Medical TerminologyFemale Reproductive System
Created Mar 17, 2011
by paigemunoz_22
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adnexa uteri
fallopian tuves, ovaries, and supporting ligaments
amnion
inntermost membranous sac surrounding the breast niple
areola
dark pigmented area surrounding the breast nipple
bartholin glands
small mucus secreting exocring glands at the vaginal opening
Cervix
lower, neck like portion of the uterus
chorion
outermost layer of the 2 membranes surrounding the enbryo
clitoris
organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the opening of the gemale urethra
coitus
sexual intercourse
corpus luteum
empty ovarian follicle that secretes progesterone after release of the egg cell
cul-de-sac
region in the lower abdomen, midway between the rectum and the uterus
embryo
stage in the prenatal development from 2-8 weeks
endometrium
innter, mucous membrane lining of the uterus
estrogen
hormone produced by the ovaries
fallopian tube
one of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus
fertilization
union of the sperm cell and ovum from which the embryo develops
fetus
stage in prenatal development from 8-39 40 weeks
fimbriae
finger or fringe like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes
follicle-stimulating hormone
secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of the egg cell
gamete
male or female sexual reproductive cell
genitalia
reproductive organs
gestation
period from fertiliation of the ovum to birth
gonad
female or male reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones
gynecology
study of the female reproductive organs including the breasts
human chorionic gonadotropin
hormone produced by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating the ovaries to produce...
hymen
mucous membrane partially or completely covering the opening to the vagina
labia
lips of the vagina
lactiferous ducts
tubes that carry milk within the breasts
luteinizing hormone
hormone produced by the pituitary gland
mammary papilla
nipple of the breast
menarche
beginning of the first menstrual period and ability to reproduc
menopause
gradual ending of menstruation
menstruation
monthly shedding of the uterine lining
menses
flow of blood and tissue normally discharged during menstruation
myometrium
muscle layer of the uterus
neonatology
brand of medicin that studies the disorders and care of the newborn
obstetrics
brand of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth
orifice
opening
ovarian follicle
developig sac enclosing each ovum within the ovary
ovary
one of a pair of female organs on each side of the pelvis
ovulation
release of the ovum from the ovary
ovum
mature egg cell
parturition
act of giving birth
perineum
in females the area betwee the anus and the vagina
pituitary gland 
endocrine gland at the base of the brain 
placenta
vascular organ that develops in the unterine wall during pregnancy
pregnancy
condition in a female of having a developing embryo and fetus in her uterus for about 40 weeks
progesterone
hormone produced by the corpus luteum in the ovary and the placenta of pregnant women
puberty
point in the life cycle at which secondary sex characteristics appear and gametes are produced
uterine serosa
outermost layer surrounding the uterus
uterus
hellow, pear shaped muscular female organ in which the embryo and fetus develop and from which...
bagina
muscual mucosa lined canal extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body
vulva
external female genitalia
zygote
stage in prenatal development from fertilization and implantation in 2 weeks
carcinoma of the cervix
malignant cells within the cervix
cervicitis
inflamation of the cervix
carcinoma of the endometrium
malignant tumor of the uterus
endometriosis
endometrial tissue located outside the uterus
fibroids
benign tumors in the uterus
ovarian carcinoma
malignant tumor of the ovary
ovarian cysts
collections of fluid within a sac in the ovary
pelvic inflammatory disease
inflammation and infection of organs in the pelvic region
carcinoma of the breast
lamignant tumor of the breast (breast cancer)
fibrocystic disease
numerous small sacs of fibrous connective tissue and fluid in the breast
abruptio placentae
premature separation of the implanted placenta
choriocarcinoma
malignant tumor of the placenta
ectopic pregnancy
implantation of the fertilized egg i any sitre other than the normal uterine location
multiple gestation
more than one fetus inside the uterus
placenta previa
implantation of the placenta over the cervical opening or in the lower region of the uterus
preeclampsia
abnormal condition associated with pregnancy, marked by high blood pressure, proteinuria, edema,...
downsyndrome
chromosomal abnormality 
erythroblastosis fetalis
hemolytic disease in the newborn caused by a blood group oncompatibility between the mother...
hyaline membrane disease
acute lung disease comonly see in the premature newborn
hydrocephalus
accumulation of fluid in the spaces of the brain
meconium aspiration
abnormal inhalation of meconium produced by a fetus or new born
pyloric  stenosis
narrowing of the opening of the stomach to the duodenum
pap test
microscopic examination of stained cells removed from the vagina and cervix
pregnancy test
blood or urin test to detect the presence of hCG
hysterosalpingography
x ray imaging of the uterus and fallopian tubes after injection of contrast material
mammography
xray imaging of the breast
breast ultrasound imaging and breast MRI
technologies using sound waves and magnetic waves to create images of breast tissue
pelvic ultrasonography
recording images of sound wabes as they bounce off organs in the pelvic region
aspitarion
withdrawl of fluid from a cavity or sac with an instrument using suction
cauterization
destruction of tissue by  burning
colposcopy
visual examination of the bagin and cervix using a colposcope
conization
removal of cone shaped section of the cervix
cryosurgery
use of cold temperatures to destroy tissue
culdocentesis
needle aspiration of fluid from the cul-de-sac
dialation and curettage 
widening the cervix and scraping off the endometrial lining of the uterus
exenteration
removal of internal organs within a cavity
laparoscopy
bisual examination of the abdominal cavity using an endoscope
tubal ligation
blocking the fallopian tubes to prevent fertilization from occuring
abortion
spontaneous or induced termination of pregnancy before the embryo or fetus can exist on its...
amniocentesis
needle puncture of the amniotic sac to withdraw amniotic fluid for analysis
cesarean section
surgica lincision of the abdominal wall and uterus to deliver a fetus
chorionic villus sampling
sampling of placental tissues for prenatal diagnosis
fetal monitoring 
continuous recording of the fetal heart rate and maternal uterine contractions to reduce fetal...
in citro fertilization
egg and sperm cells are combines outside the body in a laboratory dish to facilitate fertilization
pelvimetry
measurement of the dimensions of the maternal pelvis


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