Medical Terminology- Chapter 8- Cardiovascular System

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Medical Terminology Systems: A Body Systems Approach

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diaphoresis
 
profuse sweating
incompetent
 
inability to adequately perform a given function or action
leaflet
 
thin flattened structure
malaise
 
vague uneasy feeling of the body weakness, distress, or discomfort
occlusion
 
blockage; the state of being closed
patent
 
open and unblocked
prophylaxis
 
preventive measure or technique
viscosity
 
state of being sticky or gummy
aneurysm/o
 
a widening, a widened blood vessel
angi/o orvascul/o
 
vessel (usually blood or lymph)
aort/o
 
aorta
arteri/o
 
artery
arteriol/o
 
arteriole
atri/o
 
atrium
ather/o
 
fatty plaque
embol/o
 
plug
hemangi/o
 
blood vessel
my/o
 
muscle
phleb/o orven/o
 
vein
sphygm/o
 
pulse
sten/o
 
narrowing
thromb/o
 
blood clot
-gram
 
writing, record
-graph
 
instrument for recording
-graphy
 
process of recorging
-sphyxia
 
pulse
endo-
 
within, in
extra-
 
outside
aneurysm
 
localized abnormal dilation of a vessel
arrest
 
condition of being stopped or bringing to a stop
arrhythmia
 
inability of the heart to maintain a steady rhythm
bruit
 
soft blowing sound head on auscltation; murmur
cardiomyopathy
 
any disease of the heart muscle that diminishes cardiac function
coarctation
 
narrowing of a vessel
heart failure
 
failure of the heart to supply an adequate amount of blood to tissues
fibrillation
 
quivering or spontaneous muscle contractions
hemostasis
 
arrest of bleeding or circulation
hyperlipidemia
 
excessive amounts of lipids in the blood
primary hypertension
 
hypertension in which there is no identifiable cause; aka essential hypertension
secondary hypertension
 
hypertension that results from an underlying, identifiable, commonly correctable cause
bypertensive heart disease
 
any heart disorder caused by prolonged hypertension
implantable cardioverter defibrillator
 
implantable battery- powered device that monitors and if necessary contracts an irregular heart rhythm by sending impulses to the heart
infaract
 
area of tissue that undergoes necrosis
ischemia
 
local and temporary deficiency of blood supply due to circulatory obstruction
mitral valve prolapse
 
common and occasionally serious condtion in which the leaflets of the mitral valve prolapse into the left atrium
radioisotope
 
chemical radioactive substance used as a tracer to follow a substance through the body or structure
palpitation
 
sensation that the heart is not beating normally
patent ductus arteriosus
 
failure of the ductus arteriosus to close after birth, allowing blood to flow fromt he aorta into the pulmonary artery
perfusion
 
circulation of blood through tissues or the passage of fluids through vessels of an organ
tetralogy of Fallot
 
congential anomaly consisting of four elements
stent
 
slender or threadlike device use to hold open vessels tubes, or an obstructed artery
Stokes- Adams syndrome
 
altered state of consciousness or fainting due to decreased blood flow to the brain cause by prolonged asystole
thrombus
 
blood clot that obstructs a vessel
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