Medical Terminology- Chapter 8- Cardiovascular System

53 cards

Medical Terminology Systems: A Body Systems Approach


 
  
Created Jan 4, 2010
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1
diaphoresis
 
profuse sweating
2
incompetent
 
inability to adequately perform a given function or action
3
leaflet
 
thin flattened structure
4
malaise
 
vague uneasy feeling of the body weakness, distress, or discomfort
5
occlusion
 
 blockage; the state of being  closed
6
patent
 
open and unblocked
7
prophylaxis
 
preventive measure or technique 
8
viscosity
 
state of being sticky or gummy
9
aneurysm/o
 
a widening, a widened blood vessel
10
angi/o    orvascul/o
 
vessel (usually blood or lymph)
11
aort/o
 
aorta
12
arteri/o
 
artery
13
arteriol/o
 
arteriole
14
atri/o
 
atrium
15
ather/o
 
fatty plaque
16
embol/o
 
plug
17
hemangi/o
 
blood vessel
18
my/o
 
 muscle
19
phleb/o   orven/o
 
vein
20
sphygm/o
 
pulse
21
sten/o
 
narrowing
22
thromb/o
 
blood clot
23
-gram
 
writing, record
24
-graph
 
instrument for recording
25
-graphy
 
process of recorging
26
-sphyxia
 
pulse
27
endo-
 
within, in
28
extra-
 
outside
29
aneurysm
 
localized abnormal dilation of a vessel
30
arrest
 
condition of being stopped or bringing to a stop
31
arrhythmia
 
inability of the heart to maintain a steady rhythm
32
bruit
 
soft blowing sound head on auscltation; murmur
33
cardiomyopathy
 
any disease of the heart muscle that diminishes cardiac function
34
coarctation
 
narrowing of a vessel
35
heart failure
 
failure of the heart to supply an adequate amount of blood to tissues
36
fibrillation
 
quivering or spontaneous muscle contractions
37
hemostasis
 
arrest of bleeding or circulation
38
hyperlipidemia
 
excessive amounts of lipids in the blood
39
primary hypertension
 
hypertension in which there is no identifiable cause; aka essential hypertension
40
secondary hypertension
 
hypertension that results from an underlying, identifiable, commonly correctable cause
41
bypertensive heart disease
 
any heart disorder caused by prolonged hypertension
42
implantable cardioverter defibrillator
 
implantable battery- powered device that monitors and if necessary contracts an irregular heart...
43
infaract
 
area of tissue that undergoes necrosis
44
ischemia
 
local and temporary deficiency of blood supply due to circulatory obstruction
45
mitral valve prolapse
 
common and occasionally serious condtion in which the leaflets of the mitral valve prolapse...
46
radioisotope
 
chemical radioactive substance used as a tracer to follow a substance through the body or structure
47
palpitation
 
sensation that the heart is not beating normally
48
patent ductus arteriosus
 
failure of the ductus arteriosus to close after birth, allowing blood to flow fromt he aorta...
49
perfusion
 
circulation of blood through tissues or the passage of fluids through vessels of an organ
50
tetralogy of Fallot
 
congential anomaly consisting of four elements
51
stent
 
slender or threadlike device use to hold open vessels tubes, or an obstructed artery
52
Stokes- Adams syndrome
 
altered state of consciousness or fainting due to decreased blood flow to the brain cause by...
53
thrombus
 
blood clot that obstructs a vessel

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