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Medical Terminology- Chapter 8- Cardiovascular System

Medical Terminology Systems: A Body Systems Approach
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Side ASide B
diaphoresis
profuse sweating
incompetent
inability to adequately perform a given function or action
leaflet
thin flattened structure
malaise
vague uneasy feeling of the body weakness, distress, or discomfort
occlusion
 blockage; the state of being  closed
patent
open and unblocked
prophylaxis
preventive measure or technique 
viscosity
state of being sticky or gummy
aneurysm/o
a widening, a widened blood vessel
angi/o    orvascul/o
vessel (usually blood or lymph)
aort/o
aorta
arteri/o
artery
arteriol/o
arteriole
atri/o
atrium
ather/o
fatty plaque
embol/o
plug
hemangi/o
blood vessel
my/o
 muscle
phleb/o   orven/o
vein
sphygm/o
pulse
sten/o
narrowing
thromb/o
blood clot
-gram
writing, record
-graph
instrument for recording
-graphy
process of recorging
-sphyxia
pulse
endo-
within, in
extra-
outside
aneurysm
localized abnormal dilation of a vessel
arrest
condition of being stopped or bringing to a stop
arrhythmia
inability of the heart to maintain a steady rhythm
bruit
soft blowing sound head on auscltation; murmur
cardiomyopathy
any disease of the heart muscle that diminishes cardiac function
coarctation
narrowing of a vessel
heart failure
failure of the heart to supply an adequate amount of blood to tissues
fibrillation
quivering or spontaneous muscle contractions
hemostasis
arrest of bleeding or circulation
hyperlipidemia
excessive amounts of lipids in the blood
primary hypertension
hypertension in which there is no identifiable cause; aka essential hypertension
secondary hypertension
hypertension that results from an underlying, identifiable, commonly correctable cause
bypertensive heart disease
any heart disorder caused by prolonged hypertension
implantable cardioverter defibrillator
implantable battery- powered device that monitors and if necessary contracts an irregular heart...
infaract
area of tissue that undergoes necrosis
ischemia
local and temporary deficiency of blood supply due to circulatory obstruction
mitral valve prolapse
common and occasionally serious condtion in which the leaflets of the mitral valve prolapse...
radioisotope
chemical radioactive substance used as a tracer to follow a substance through the body or structure
palpitation
sensation that the heart is not beating normally
patent ductus arteriosus
failure of the ductus arteriosus to close after birth, allowing blood to flow fromt he aorta...
perfusion
circulation of blood through tissues or the passage of fluids through vessels of an organ
tetralogy of Fallot
congential anomaly consisting of four elements
stent
slender or threadlike device use to hold open vessels tubes, or an obstructed artery
Stokes- Adams syndrome
altered state of consciousness or fainting due to decreased blood flow to the brain cause by...
thrombus
blood clot that obstructs a vessel


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