Medical Terminology Chapter 7 Vocabulary

Medical Te Rminolgy
  
Created Apr 18, 2010
by
alyssachambers
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erythropoietin (EPO)
A hormone secreted by the kidney to stimulate the production of red blood cells by bone marrow
Cortex
Outer region; the renal cortex is the outer region of the kidney
Calyx/Calix
Cup-like collecting region of the renal pelvis
Filtration
Passive process whereby some substances, but not all, pass through a filter or other material....
Glomerulus/Glomeruli
Tiny ball of capillaries (microscopic blood vessels) in cortex of kidney
Medulla
Inner region; the renal medulla is the inner region of the kidney
Micturition
Urination; the act of voiding
Nephron
Combination of glomerulus and renal tubule where filtration, reabsorption, and secretion take...
Nitrogenous Waste
Substance containing nitrogen and excreted in urine
Reabsorption
In this process, the renal tubules return materials necessary to the body back into the bloodstream
Renal Pelvis
Central collection region in the kidney
Renal Tubule
Microscopic tube in the kidney in which urine is formed after filtration.
Renin
An enzymatic hormone synthesized, stored and secreted by the kidney; it raises blood pressure...
Urination
Process of expelling urine; also called micturition
Voiding
Emptying of urine from the urinary bladder; urination or micturition


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