Medical Terminology Chapter 7 Vocabulary

15 cards

Medical Te rminolgy


 
  
Created Apr 18, 2010
by
alyssachambers

 

 
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1
erythropoietin (EPO)
 
A hormone secreted by the kidney to stimulate the production of red blood cells by bone marrow
2
Cortex
 
Outer region; the renal cortex is the outer region of the kidney
3
Calyx/Calix
 
Cup-like collecting region of the renal pelvis
4
Filtration
 
Passive process whereby some substances, but not all, pass through a filter or other material....
5
Glomerulus/Glomeruli
 
Tiny ball of capillaries (microscopic blood vessels) in cortex of kidney
6
Medulla
 
Inner region; the renal medulla is the inner region of the kidney
7
Micturition
 
Urination; the act of voiding
8
Nephron
 
Combination of glomerulus and renal tubule where filtration, reabsorption, and secretion take...
9
Nitrogenous Waste
 
Substance containing nitrogen and excreted in urine
10
Reabsorption
 
In this process, the renal tubules return materials necessary to the body back into the bloodstream
11
Renal Pelvis
 
Central collection region in the kidney
12
Renal Tubule
 
Microscopic tube in the kidney in which urine is formed after filtration.
13
Renin
 
An enzymatic hormone synthesized, stored and secreted by the kidney; it raises blood pressure...
14
Urination
 
Process of expelling urine; also called micturition
15
Voiding
 
Emptying of urine from the urinary bladder; urination or micturition

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