Medical Terminology- Chapter 7 - Respiratory System

Medical Terminology System: A Body Systems Appraoch
 
Created Jan 3, 2010
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Side ASide B
granuloma
nodular, inflammatory lesion
naris
nostril
septum
wall dividing two cavities
status asthmaticus
severe prolonged asthma attach that does not respond to repeated doses of bronchodialators
surfactant
fatty substance that decreases surface tension on alveoli
sept/o
septum
pharyng/o
pharynx
pneum/o    orpneumon/o
air, lung
pulmon/o
lung
anthrac/o
coal, coal dust
atel/o
incomplete
coni/o
dust
lob/o
lobe
orth/o
straight
pector/o     orsteth/o     orthorac/o
chest
phren/o
diaphram; mind
spir/o
breathe
-capnia
carbon dioxide
-osmia
smell
-phonia
voice
breathing
-pnea
spitting
-ptysis
chest
-thorax
acidosis
acidic conditions; due to retention of CO2
anosmia
absence of or decrease int he sense of smell
apnea
temporary loss of breathing
asphyxia
condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen
atelectasis
collapsed or airless state of the lung
Cheyne-Stokes respiration
repeated breathing pattern characterized by fluctutation in the depth of repsiration, first...
compliance
ease with which lung tissue can be stretched
coryza
head cold; URI
deviated nasal septum
displacement of cartilage dividing the nostrils
epistaxis 
nosebleed
finger clubbing
enlargement of the terminla phalanges of the fingers and toes; commonly associated with pulmonary...
hypoxemia
deficiency of oxygen in the blood; also called anoxemia
hypoxia
absence or deficieency of oxygen ont he tissues; ;also called anoxia
pleurisy
inflammation of the pleural membrane characterized by a stabbing pain that is intensified by...
pneumoconiosis
generally occupational disease caused by inhaling dust 
pulmonary edema
accumulation of extravascular fluid in lung tissues and alveoli caused most commonly by heart...
pulmonary embolus
mass of undissolved matter in pulmonary arteries or its branches
rale
abnormal respiratory sound; crackle
rhonchus
adventitious breath sound that resembles snoring
stridor
high pitched harsh adventitious breath sound caused by spasm
wheeze
whistling or sighing sound on auscultation that results from narrowing of the lumen of the...


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