Medical Terminology- Chapter 7 - Respiratory System

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Medical Terminology System: A Body Systems Appraoch

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granuloma
 
nodular, inflammatory lesion
naris
 
nostril
septum
 
wall dividing two cavities
status asthmaticus
 
severe prolonged asthma attach that does not respond to repeated doses of bronchodialators
surfactant
 
fatty substance that decreases surface tension on alveoli
sept/o
 
septum
pharyng/o
 
pharynx
pneum/o orpneumon/o
 
air, lung
pulmon/o
 
lung
anthrac/o
 
coal, coal dust
atel/o
 
incomplete
coni/o
 
dust
lob/o
 
lobe
orth/o
 
straight
pector/o orsteth/o orthorac/o
 
chest
phren/o
 
diaphram; mind
spir/o
 
breathe
-capnia
 
carbon dioxide
-osmia
 
smell
-phonia
 
voice
breathing
 
-pnea
spitting
 
-ptysis
chest
 
-thorax
acidosis
 
acidic conditions; due to retention of CO2
anosmia
 
absence of or decrease int he sense of smell
apnea
 
temporary loss of breathing
asphyxia
 
condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen
atelectasis
 
collapsed or airless state of the lung
Cheyne-Stokes respiration
 
repeated breathing pattern characterized by fluctutation in the depth of repsiration, first deeply; then shallow; then not at all.
compliance
 
ease with which lung tissue can be stretched
coryza
 
head cold; URI
deviated nasal septum
 
displacement of cartilage dividing the nostrils
epistaxis
 
nosebleed
finger clubbing
 
enlargement of the terminla phalanges of the fingers and toes; commonly associated with pulmonary disease
hypoxemia
 
deficiency of oxygen in the blood; also called anoxemia
hypoxia
 
absence or deficieency of oxygen ont he tissues; ;also called anoxia
pleurisy
 
inflammation of the pleural membrane characterized by a stabbing pain that is intensified by coughing or deep breathing; also called pleuritis
pneumoconiosis
 
generally occupational disease caused by inhaling dust
pulmonary edema
 
accumulation of extravascular fluid in lung tissues and alveoli caused most commonly by heart failure
pulmonary embolus
 
mass of undissolved matter in pulmonary arteries or its branches
rale
 
abnormal respiratory sound; crackle
rhonchus
 
adventitious breath sound that resembles snoring
stridor
 
high pitched harsh adventitious breath sound caused by spasm
wheeze
 
whistling or sighing sound on auscultation that results from narrowing of the lumen of the respiratory passageway
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