Medical Terminology Chapter 5

Medical Terminology Chapter 5
 
Created Sep 22, 2009
by
cameronslc
Table View
Download
Print

Flashcard Set Preview

Side ASide B
Cardiovascularsystem  cardi/ovascular
consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood. Cardi/o - means heartvascul /  means...
Heart 
is a hollow, muscular organ located between the lungs. It is a very effective pump that furnishes...
Pericardiumperi/cardi/um
is the double-walled membranous sac that encloses the heart also called the pericardial sac. 
Walls of the heart epi/cardi/ummy/o/cardi/umendo/cardi/um
epicardium - is the external layer of the heart and the inner layer of the pericardium.myocardium-...
Coronary Arteries 
Which supply oxygen-rich blood to the myocardium
Chambers of the heartatria ventricles interventricular
atria - are the two upper chambers of the heart. They are the receiving chambers, and all blood...
Valves the hearttricuspid valve pulmonary semilunar valvemitral valveaortic semilunar valve...
tricuspid valve- controls the opening between the right atrium and the right ventricle. Tricuspid...
right atrium right ventricleleft atriumleft venticle
right atrium receives oxygen - poor blood from all tissues except the lungs.right ventricle-pumps...
Pulmonary Circulationpulmonary arteries pulmonary veins
is the flow of blood only between the heart and lungs.pulmonary arteries - carry deoxygenated...
Systemic circulation 
includes the flow of blood to all parts of the body except the lungs.
heart beat 
to pump blood effectively throughout the body the contraction and relaxation of the heart must...
Sinoatrial node 
which is often referred to as the SA node , it establishes the basic rhythm and rate of the...
atrioventricular node 
the impluses from SA node also travel to the atrioventricular node which is also known...
Bundle of His Purkinje fibers
is a group of fibers located within the interventrucular septum. These fibers carry an electrical...
arteries 
are large blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart to all regions of the body.
Walls of arteries  3 layers 
aorta - which is the largest blood vessel in the body.carotid arteries- are the major arteries...
Veins
form a low-pressure collecting system to return oxygen-poor blood to the heart. veins have...
Venae cavae
are the two largest veins in the body .superior vena cava- transports blood from the upper...
capillaries 
which are only one epithelial cell in thickness are the smallest blood vessels in the body. 
Pulse
is the rhythmic pressure against the walls of the artery caused by the contraction of the heart
Blood pressure Systolic pressure Diastolic pressure
is the measurement of the amount of systoice and diatoslic pressure exerted against the walls...
Blood
is the fluid tissue in the body. it is composed of 55% liquid plasma and 45% formed elements.
Plasma Fibrinogen and prothrombin Serum
is a straw-colored fluid that contains nutients,hormones and waste poduct.Fibrinogen and prothrombin...
Etythrocytes erythr/ocytes
are mature red blood cells produced by the red bone marrow. primary role is to transport oxygen...
Leukocytes leuk/ocytes
are the blood cells involved in defending he body against infective organisms and foreign substance...
Thrombocytes 
also known as platelets are the smallest formed elements of the blood. They play an important...
blood gases
Oxygen  (0  )carbon dioxide (C0 )nitrogen ( N  )
Specialties related to cardiovascular system
cardiologist -  is a physician who specilizes in diagnosing and treating abnormalities,...
 Atherosclerosisather/o/sclerosis  and ather/oma
 atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries that reduces the blood supply to the heart muscle....
Congenital heart defects
are structural abnormalities caused by the failure of the heart to develop normally before...
Ischemic Heart Disease
is a group of cardiac diabilities resulting from an insufficient supply of oxygenated blood...
Ischemia
is a condition in which ther ia an insufficient oxygen supply due to a restricted blood flow...
Angina 
is a condition of episodes of severe chest pains due to inadequate blood flow to the myocardium. 
myocardial infarction 
also known as a heart attack is the occlusion ( total blockage) of one or more coronary arteries...
Heart Failure
which is also referrred to as congestive heart failure occurs mostly in the elderly .. when...
caridomegaly cardi/o/megaly
Is the abnormal enlargement of the heart that is frequently associated with the heart failure. 
Carditis /  card/itis Endocarditis / end/o/card/itis Bacterial endocarditis
Carditis -in an inflammation of the heart Endocarditis- is inflammation of the inner lining...
Myocarditis / my/o/card/itis Pericarditis / peri/card/itis
 is an inflammationof the myocardium. this condition can develop as a complication of...
Cardiomyopathy cardi/o/my/o/pathy
is the term used to describe all diseases of the heart muscle cardi / means heartmy/o means...
heart murmur 
is an abnormal sound heard when listening to the heart of neighboring large blood vessels....
valvulitis valvul/itis
is inflammation of a heart valve. valvu/ means valveitis means inflammation
valvular prolapse
is the abnormal protrusion of a heart valve that results in the inability of the valve to close...
valvular stenosis
is a conditon  inwhich ther is norrowing, stiffening, thickening or blockage of one or...
Cardiac arrest 
is an event in which the heart abruply stops or develops a very abnoraml arrhythmia that prevents...
Bradycardia brady/cardia
is an abnormally slow restin heart rate then is when a heart beats less than 60 beats per minute brady...
Tachycardia tachy/cardia
is an abnormally rapid resting heart rate apllies if it is greater than 100 beats per minute...
Palpitaions 
is the pounding or racing heart with or without irregulartiy in rhythm.. this is associate...
Atrial fibrillation 
occurs when the normal rhythmic contractions of the artia are replaced by rapid irregular twiching...
Paroxysmal atrail tachycardia 
is an episode that begins and ends abruptly during which there are very rapid and regular heartbeats...
Ventrucular fibrillation
is the rapid irregular and useless contractions of the venticles instead of pumping stronglyt...
Ventricular tachycardia 
also known as V Tach a very rapid heart beat that begins within the ventricles. this condition...
Angiitis 
is the inflammaiton of a blood or lymph vessel also known as vasculitis angi/ means vessel...
Angiostenosis 
is the abnormal norrowing of a blood vessel angi/o means vesselstenosis / means narrowing
hemangioma 
is a benign tumor made up of newly formed blood vesselshem / means blood angi/ means blood...
Hypoperfusion 
is a deficiency of blood passing through an organ or body part.. perfusion is the flow of blood...
Polyarteritis 
is a form of angiitis involving several medium and small arteries at the same time poly/ mean...
Peripheral arterial occlusive disease 
is imparied circulation to the extremities and vital organs causes changes in the skin color...
Raynaud's phenomernon 
is a peripheral arterial occlusive disease in whcih intermittent attacks are triggered by cold...


Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Upgrade    Cancel