Medical Terminology- Chapter 4- Body Structure

Medical Terminology- Chapter 4- Body Structure Medical Terminology Systems: A Body Systems Approach
  
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cytoplasm
 
gel- like substance that surrounds the nucleus of a cell but is contained within the cell membrane
DNA
 
molecule that holds genetic information and makes an exact copy of itself whenever the cell divides
diagnosis
 
identificiation of a disease
a flexible or rigid instrument to observe the inside of a hollow organ or cavity
 
endoscope
study of the causes of disease
 
etiology
instrument used to view the internal organs of the body
 
fluoroscope
idiopathic
 
pertaining to conditions without clear pathogenesis or disease
metabolism
 
chemical changes that take place in a cell
prediction of the course and end of a disease and estimated chance of recovery
 
prognosis
sign
 
objective evidence or manifestation of an illness
symptom
 
a change in the body
abduction
 
movement away from the median plane
adduction
 
movement toward the median plane
medial
 
midline of the body or structure
lateral
 
pertaining to a side
superior
 
toward the head
inferior
 
away from the head, or toward the tail
near the center or to the point of attachment to the body
 
proximal
further from the center or from the point of attachment to the body
 
distal
anterior
 
near the front of the body
near the back of the body
 
posterior
parietal
 
pertaining to the outer wall of the body
pertaining to the viscera
 
visceral
prone
 
lying on from with palms down
supine
 
lying on the back with palms upward
poli/o
 
gray
acr
 
extremity
eti
 
cause
somat/o
 
body
xer/o
 
dry
adhesion
 
abnormal fibrous band that holds normally separeated tissues togoehter
analyte
 
substance being analyzed or tested
deshiscence
 
bursting open of a wound
febrile
 
feverish
morbid
 
diseased
radionuclides
 
substances that emit radiation spontaneously; called tracers
suppurative
 
producing or associated with generation of pus

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