Medical Terminology- Chapter 4- Body Structure

37 cards

Medical Terminology Systems: A Body Systems Approach


 
  
Created Jan 1, 2010
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1
cytoplasm
 
gel- like substance that surrounds the nucleus of a cell but is contained within the cell membrane
2
DNA
 
molecule that holds genetic information and makes an exact copy of itself whenever the cell...
3
diagnosis
 
identificiation of a disease
4
a flexible or rigid instrument to observe the inside of a hollow organ or cavity
 
endoscope
5
study of the causes of disease
 
etiology
6
instrument used to view the internal organs of the body
 
fluoroscope
7
idiopathic
 
pertaining to conditions without clear pathogenesis or disease
8
metabolism
 
chemical changes that take place in a cell
9
prediction of the course and end of a disease and estimated chance of recovery
 
prognosis
10
sign
 
objective evidence or manifestation of an illness
11
symptom
 
a change in the body 
12
abduction
 
movement away from the median plane
13
adduction
 
movement toward the median plane
14
medial
 
midline of the body or structure
15
lateral
 
pertaining to a side
16
superior
 
toward the head
17
inferior
 
away from the head, or toward the tail
18
near the center or to the point of attachment to the body
 
 proximal
19
further from the center or from the point of attachment to the body
 
distal
20
anterior
 
near the front of the body
21
near the back of the body
 
posterior
22
parietal
 
pertaining to the outer wall of the body
23
pertaining to the viscera
 
visceral
24
prone
 
lying on from with palms down
25
supine
 
lying on the back with palms upward
26
poli/o
 
gray
27
acr
 
extremity
28
eti
 
cause
29
somat/o
 
body
30
xer/o
 
dry
31
adhesion
 
abnormal fibrous band that holds normally separeated tissues togoehter
32
analyte
 
substance being analyzed or tested
33
deshiscence
 
bursting open of a wound
34
febrile
 
feverish
35
morbid
 
diseased
36
radionuclides
 
substances that emit radiation spontaneously; called tracers
37
suppurative
 
producing or associated with generation of pus


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