Medical Terminology- Chapter 4- Body Structure

Medical Terminology Systems: A Body Systems Approach
 
Created Jan 1, 2010
by 100893
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cytoplasm
gel- like substance that surrounds the nucleus of a cell but is contained within the cell membrane
DNA
molecule that holds genetic information and makes an exact copy of itself whenever the cell...
diagnosis
identificiation of a disease
a flexible or rigid instrument to observe the inside of a hollow organ or cavity
endoscope
study of the causes of disease
etiology
instrument used to view the internal organs of the body
fluoroscope
idiopathic
pertaining to conditions without clear pathogenesis or disease
metabolism
chemical changes that take place in a cell
prediction of the course and end of a disease and estimated chance of recovery
prognosis
sign
objective evidence or manifestation of an illness
symptom
a change in the body 
abduction
movement away from the median plane
adduction
movement toward the median plane
medial
midline of the body or structure
lateral
pertaining to a side
superior
toward the head
inferior
away from the head, or toward the tail
near the center or to the point of attachment to the body
 proximal
further from the center or from the point of attachment to the body
distal
anterior
near the front of the body
near the back of the body
posterior
parietal
pertaining to the outer wall of the body
pertaining to the viscera
visceral
prone
lying on from with palms down
supine
lying on the back with palms upward
poli/o
gray
acr
extremity
eti
cause
somat/o
body
xer/o
dry
adhesion
abnormal fibrous band that holds normally separeated tissues togoehter
analyte
substance being analyzed or tested
deshiscence
bursting open of a wound
febrile
feverish
morbid
diseased
radionuclides
substances that emit radiation spontaneously; called tracers
suppurative
producing or associated with generation of pus


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