Medical Terminology - Chapter 12

95 cards

Skin: The Int egumenta


 
  
Created Jan 30, 2011
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blue_dolphin1222

 

 
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1
Integumentary system
 
made up of the skin and its related structures, performs important functions in maintaining...
2
sebaceous glands
 
secrete sebum (oil) that lubricates the skin and discourages the growth of bacteria on the...
3
sweat glands
 
help regulate body temperature and water content by secreting sweat
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cutaneous cutane -ous
 
relating to the skin skin pertaining to
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epidermis
 
the outermost layer of the skin
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epithelial tissues
 
form a protective covering for all of the internal and external surfaces of the body
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squamous epithelial tissue
 
forms the upper layer of the epidermis squamous means scale-like
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keratin
 
fibrous, water-repellent protein soft keratin is a primary component of epidermis hard keratin...
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melanocytes
 
cells that produce and contain a dark brown to black pigment called melanin
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dermis or corium
 
thick layer of living tissue directly below the epidermis
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collagen
 
means glue, is a tough, yet flexible, fibrous protein material found in the skin and in the...
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heparin
 
is released in response to an injury, is an anticoagulant angicoagulant prevents blood clotting
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lipocytes or (fat cells) lip/o -cytes
 
predominant in the subcutaneous layer where they manufacture and store large quantities of...
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sebaceous glands
 
located in the dermis layer of the skin and are closely associated with hair follicles
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hidrosis
 
the production and excretion of sweat
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arrector pili
 
tiny muscle fibers attached to the hair follicles that cause the hair to stand erect
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unguis (commonly known as a fingernail or toenail)
 
the keratin plate protecting the dorsal surface of the last bone in each finger and toe (plural...
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lunula
 
a pale half-moon-shaped region at every nail root that is generally most easily seen in the...
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-plasty
 
surgical repair
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acne vulgaris (acne)
 
a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by pustular eruptions of the skin caused by an...
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comedo
 
a noninfected lesion formed by the buildup of sebum and keratin in a hair follicle
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bi/o
 
life
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dermo/o, dermat/o
 
skin
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erythr/o
 
red
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hidr/o
 
sweat
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hirsut/o
 
hairy, rough
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kerat/o
 
horny, hard, cornea
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lip/o
 
fat, lipid
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melan/o
 
black, dark
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myc/o
 
fungus
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onych/o
 
fingernail or toenail
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pedicul/o
 
louse or lice
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rhytid/o
 
wrinkle
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seb/o
 
sebum
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urtic/o
 
nettle, rash, hives
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xer/o
 
dry
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actinic keratosis
 
a precancerous skin groth that occurs on sun-damaged skin; often looks like a red scaly patch...
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albinism   albin; -ism
 
a genetic condition characterized by a deficiency or the absence of pigment in the skin, hair,...
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alopecia (baldness)   alopec;  -ia
 
the partial of complete loss of hair, most commonly on the scalp alopec = baldness; ...
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blepharoplasty (lid lift)   blephar/o; -plasty
 
the surgical reduction of the upper and lower eyelids by removing excess fat, skin, & muscle eyelid;...
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bulla
 
a large blister that is usually more than 0.5 cm in diameter
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carbuncle
 
a cluster of connected furuncles (boils)
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cellulitis
 
an acute, rapidly spreading infection within the connective tissues that is characterized by...
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chloasma (melasma or mask of pregnancy)
 
a pigmentation disorder characterized by brownish spots on the face
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cicatrix
 
a normal scar resulting from the healing of a wound
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debridement
 
the removal of dirt, foreign objects, damaged tissue, and cellular debris from a wound to prevent...
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dermatitis   dermat; -itis
 
an inflammation of the skin   skin; inflammation
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diaphoresis   dia-; phor; -esis
 
profuse sweating; a normal condition brought on by heat or exertion through or complete; movement;...
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dysplastic nevi
 
atypical moles that can develop into skin cancer
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ecchymosis (bruise)   ecchym; -osis
 
a large, irregular area of purplish discoloration due to bleeding under the skin pouring out...
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eczema
 
persistent or recurring dermatitis that is usually characterized by redness, itching, &...
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erythema   erythem; -a
 
redness of the skin due to capillary dilation   flushed; noun ending
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erythroderma   erythr/o; -derma
 
is abnormal redness of the entire skin surface   red; skin
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exfoliative dermatitis
 
a condition in which there is widespread scaling of the skin, often with pruritus, erythroderma,...
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folliculitis follicul -itis
 
an inflammation of the hair follicles hair follicul inflammation
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furuncles (boils)
 
large, tender, swollen areas caused by a staphylococcal infection around hair follicles or...
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granuloma   granul; -oma
 
a general term used to describe small, knot-like swellings of granulation tissue in the epidermis granular;...
58
hematoma   hemat; -oma
 
usually caused by an injury, is a swelling of clotted blood trapped in the tissues blood;...
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hirsutism   hirsut
 
the presence of excessive body and facial hair in women, usually occurring in a male pattern hairy
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ichthyosis   ichthy; -osis
 
a group of hereditary disorders characterized by dry, thickened, and scaly skin dry or scaly;...
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impetigo
 
a highly contagious bacterial skin infection that commonly occurs in children; characterized...
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keloid   kel; -oid
 
an abnormally raised or thickened scar that expands beyond the boundaries of the incision growth...
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keratosis   kerat; -osis
 
any skin growth, such as a wart or a callus, in which there is overgrowth and thicking of the...
64
koilonychia (spoon nail)   koil
 
a malformation of the nails in which the outer surface is concave or scooped out like the bowl...
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lipedema (painful fat syndrome)   lip; -edema
 
a chronic abnormal condition that is characterized by the accumulation of fat and fluid in...
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lipoma   lip; -oma
 
a benign, slow-growing fatty tumor located between the skin and the muscle layer fatty; tumor
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lupus erythematosus (lupus)
 
a autoimmune disorder characterized by a red, scaly rash on the face and upper trunk; also...
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macule (macula)
 
a discolored, flat spot that is less than 1 cm in diameter freckle or flat moles are examples
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malignant melanoma (melanoma)   melan; -oma
 
a type of skin cancer that occurs in the melanocytes   black; tumor
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miliaria (also known as heat rash and prickly heat)
 
an intensely itchy rash caused by blockage of the sweat glands by bacteria and dead cells caution:...
71
necrotizing fasciitis   necrotizing; fasciitis
 
a severe infection caused by Group A strep bacteria (known as flesh-eating bacteria) tissue...
72
onychocryptosis (ingrown toenail)   onych/o; crypt; -osis
 
the edges of a toenail, usually on the big toe, curve inward and cut into the skin fingernail/toenail;...
73
onychomycosis   onych/o; myc; -osis
 
a fungal infection of the nail   fingernail or toenail; fungus; abnormal condition
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papilloma   papill; -oma
 
a benign, superficial wart-like growth on the epithelial tissue or elsewhere in the body, such...
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papule
 
a small, raised red lesion that is less than 0.5 cm in diameter and does not contain pus small...
76
paronychia   par-; onych; -ia
 
an acute or chronic infection of the skin fold around a nail near; fingernail or toenail;...
77
pediculosis   pedicul; -osis
 
an infestation with lice   lice; abnormal condition
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petechiae
 
are very small, pinpoint hemorrhages that are less than 2 mm in diameter, sometimes result...
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pruritus (itching)   prurit; -us
 
is associated with most form of dermatitis   itching; singular noun ending
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psoriasis
 
a common skin disorder characterized by flare-ups in which red papules covered with silvery...
81
purpura   purpur; -a
 
the appearance of multiple purple discolorations on the skin caused by bleeding underneath...
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purulent
 
producing or containing pus
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rhytidectomy (facelift)   rhytid; -ectomy
 
the surgical removal of excess skin and fat around the face to eliminate wrinkles
84
rosacea (adult acne)
 
tiny red pimples and broken blood vessels; usually develops in people with fair skin, 30 -...
85
scabies
 
a skin infection caused by an infestation with the itch mite, which causes small, itchy bumps...
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scleroderma   scler/o; -derma
 
an autoimmune disorder in which the connective tissues become thickened and hardened, causing...
87
seborrhea
 
an overactivity of the sebaceous glands that results in the production of an excessive amount...
88
squamous cell carcinoma
 
originates as a malignant tumor of the scaly squamous cells of the epithelium, it can quickly...
89
strawberry hemangioma   hem; angi/o; -oma
 
a soft, raised, dark-reddish-purple birthmark benign tumor made of newly formed blood...
90
tinea (ringworm)
 
a fungal infection that can grow on the skin, hair, or nails
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urticaria (hives)   urtic; -aria
 
are itchy wheals caused by an allergic reaction   rash; connected with
92
verrucae (warts)
 
are small, hard skin lesions cause dby the human papilloma virus
93
vitiligo
 
a skin condition resulting from the destruction of the melanocytes due to unknown causes; characterized...
94
wheal (welt)
 
a small bump that itches can appear as a symptom of an allergic reaction
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xeroderma (xerosis   xer/o; -derma
 
excessively dry skin   dry; skin


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