Medical Terminology - Chapter 12

95 cards

Skin: The Int egumenta


 
  
Created Jan 30, 2011
by
blue_dolphin1222

 

 
Table View
 
Download
 
Print

Flashcard Set Preview

  Side A   Side B
1
Integumentary system
 
made up of the skin and its related structures, performs important functions in maintaining...
2
sebaceous glands
 
secrete sebum (oil) that lubricates the skin and discourages the growth of bacteria on the...
3
sweat glands
 
help regulate body temperature and water content by secreting sweat
4

cutaneous

cutane

-ous

 

relating to the skin

skin

pertaining to

5
epidermis
 
the outermost layer of the skin
6
epithelial tissues
 
form a protective covering for all of the internal and external surfaces of the body
7
squamous epithelial tissue
 

forms the upper layer of the epidermis

squamous means scale-like

8
keratin
 

fibrous, water-repellent protein

soft keratin is a primary component of epidermis

hard...

9
melanocytes
 
cells that produce and contain a dark brown to black pigment called melanin
10
dermis or corium
 
thick layer of living tissue directly below the epidermis
11
collagen
 
means glue, is a tough, yet flexible, fibrous protein material found in the skin and in the...
12
heparin
 

is released in response to an injury, is an anticoagulant

angicoagulant prevents...

13

lipocytes or (fat cells)

lip/o

-cytes

 

predominant in the subcutaneous layer where they manufacture and store large quantities...

14
sebaceous glands
 
located in the dermis layer of the skin and are closely associated with hair follicles
15
hidrosis
 
the production and excretion of sweat
16
arrector pili
 
tiny muscle fibers attached to the hair follicles that cause the hair to stand erect
17
unguis (commonly known as a fingernail or toenail)
 

the keratin plate protecting the dorsal surface of the last bone in each finger and toe

(plural...

18
lunula
 

a pale half-moon-shaped region at every nail root that is generally most easily seen in...

19
-plasty
 
surgical repair
20
acne vulgaris (acne)
 
a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by pustular eruptions of the skin caused by an...
21
comedo
 
a noninfected lesion formed by the buildup of sebum and keratin in a hair follicle
22
bi/o
 
life
23
dermo/o, dermat/o
 
skin
24
erythr/o
 
red
25
hidr/o
 
sweat
26
hirsut/o
 
hairy, rough
27
kerat/o
 
horny, hard, cornea
28
lip/o
 
fat, lipid
29
melan/o
 
black, dark
30
myc/o
 
fungus
31
onych/o
 
fingernail or toenail
32
pedicul/o
 
louse or lice
33
rhytid/o
 
wrinkle
34
seb/o
 
sebum
35
urtic/o
 
nettle, rash, hives
36
xer/o
 
dry
37
actinic keratosis
 
a precancerous skin groth that occurs on sun-damaged skin; often looks like a red scaly patch...
38

albinism

 

albin; -ism

 
a genetic condition characterized by a deficiency or the absence of pigment in the skin, hair,...
39

alopecia (baldness)

 

alopec;  -ia

 

the partial of complete loss of hair, most commonly on the scalp

alopec = baldness; ...

40

blepharoplasty (lid lift)

 

blephar/o; -plasty

 

the surgical reduction of the upper and lower eyelids by removing excess fat, skin, &...

41
bulla
 
a large blister that is usually more than 0.5 cm in diameter
42
carbuncle
 
a cluster of connected furuncles (boils)
43
cellulitis
 
an acute, rapidly spreading infection within the connective tissues that is characterized by...
44
chloasma (melasma or mask of pregnancy)
 
a pigmentation disorder characterized by brownish spots on the face
45
cicatrix
 
a normal scar resulting from the healing of a wound
46
debridement
 
the removal of dirt, foreign objects, damaged tissue, and cellular debris from a wound to prevent...
47

dermatitis

 

dermat; -itis

 

an inflammation of the skin

 

skin; inflammation

48

diaphoresis

 

dia-; phor; -esis

 

profuse sweating; a normal condition brought on by heat or exertion

through or complete;...

49
dysplastic nevi
 
atypical moles that can develop into skin cancer
50

ecchymosis (bruise)

 

ecchym; -osis

 

a large, irregular area of purplish discoloration due to bleeding under the skin

pouring...

51
eczema
 
persistent or recurring dermatitis that is usually characterized by redness, itching, &...
52

erythema

 

erythem; -a

 

redness of the skin due to capillary dilation

 

flushed; noun ending

53

erythroderma

 

erythr/o; -derma

 

is abnormal redness of the entire skin surface

 

red; skin

54
exfoliative dermatitis
 
a condition in which there is widespread scaling of the skin, often with pruritus, erythroderma,...
55

folliculitis

follicul

-itis

 

an inflammation of the hair follicles

hair follicul

inflammation

56
furuncles (boils)
 
large, tender, swollen areas caused by a staphylococcal infection around hair follicles or...
57

granuloma

 

granul; -oma

 

a general term used to describe small, knot-like swellings of granulation tissue in the...

58

hematoma

 

hemat; -oma

 

usually caused by an injury, is a swelling of clotted blood trapped in the tissues

blood;...

59

hirsutism

 

hirsut

 

the presence of excessive body and facial hair in women, usually occurring in a male pattern

hairy

60

ichthyosis

 

ichthy; -osis

 

a group of hereditary disorders characterized by dry, thickened, and scaly skin

dry...

61
impetigo
 
a highly contagious bacterial skin infection that commonly occurs in children; characterized...
62

keloid

 

kel; -oid

 

an abnormally raised or thickened scar that expands beyond the boundaries of the incision

growth...

63

keratosis

 

kerat; -osis

 

any skin growth, such as a wart or a callus, in which there is overgrowth and thicking of...

64

koilonychia (spoon nail)

 

koil

 
a malformation of the nails in which the outer surface is concave or scooped out like the bowl...
65

lipedema (painful fat syndrome)

 

lip; -edema

 
a chronic abnormal condition that is characterized by the accumulation of fat and fluid in...
66

lipoma

 

lip; -oma

 

a benign, slow-growing fatty tumor located between the skin and the muscle layer

fatty;...

67
lupus erythematosus (lupus)
 
a autoimmune disorder characterized by a red, scaly rash on the face and upper trunk; also...
68
macule (macula)
 

a discolored, flat spot that is less than 1 cm in diameter

freckle or flat moles...

69

malignant melanoma (melanoma)

 

melan; -oma

 

a type of skin cancer that occurs in the melanocytes

 

black; tumor

70
miliaria (also known as heat rash and prickly heat)
 

an intensely itchy rash caused by blockage of the sweat glands by bacteria and dead cells

caution:...

71

necrotizing fasciitis

 

necrotizing; fasciitis

 

a severe infection caused by Group A strep bacteria (known as flesh-eating bacteria)

tissue...

72

onychocryptosis (ingrown toenail)

 

onych/o; crypt; -osis

 

the edges of a toenail, usually on the big toe, curve inward and cut into the skin

fingernail/toenail;...

73

onychomycosis

 

onych/o; myc; -osis

 

a fungal infection of the nail

 

fingernail or toenail; fungus; abnormal...

74

papilloma

 

papill; -oma

 
a benign, superficial wart-like growth on the epithelial tissue or elsewhere in the body, such...
75
papule
 

a small, raised red lesion that is less than 0.5 cm in diameter and does not contain pus

small...

76

paronychia

 

par-; onych; -ia

 

an acute or chronic infection of the skin fold around a nail

near; fingernail or...

77

pediculosis

 

pedicul; -osis

 

an infestation with lice

 

lice; abnormal condition

78
petechiae
 
are very small, pinpoint hemorrhages that are less than 2 mm in diameter, sometimes result...
79

pruritus (itching)

 

prurit; -us

 

is associated with most form of dermatitis

 

itching; singular noun...

80
psoriasis
 
a common skin disorder characterized by flare-ups in which red papules covered with silvery...
81

purpura

 

purpur; -a

 

the appearance of multiple purple discolorations on the skin caused by bleeding underneath...

82
purulent
 
producing or containing pus
83

rhytidectomy (facelift)

 

rhytid; -ectomy

 
the surgical removal of excess skin and fat around the face to eliminate wrinkles
84
rosacea (adult acne)
 
tiny red pimples and broken blood vessels; usually develops in people with fair skin, 30 -...
85
scabies
 
a skin infection caused by an infestation with the itch mite, which causes small, itchy bumps...
86

scleroderma

 

scler/o; -derma

 
an autoimmune disorder in which the connective tissues become thickened and hardened, causing...
87
seborrhea
 
an overactivity of the sebaceous glands that results in the production of an excessive amount...
88
squamous cell carcinoma
 
originates as a malignant tumor of the scaly squamous cells of the epithelium, it can quickly...
89

strawberry hemangioma

 

hem; angi/o; -oma

 

a soft, raised, dark-reddish-purple birthmark

benign tumor made of newly formed...

90
tinea (ringworm)
 
a fungal infection that can grow on the skin, hair, or nails
91

urticaria (hives)

 

urtic; -aria

 

are itchy wheals caused by an allergic reaction

 

rash; connected with

92
verrucae (warts)
 
are small, hard skin lesions cause dby the human papilloma virus
93
vitiligo
 
a skin condition resulting from the destruction of the melanocytes due to unknown causes; characterized...
94
wheal (welt)
 

a small bump that itches

can appear as a symptom of an allergic reaction

95

xeroderma (xerosis

 

xer/o; -derma

 

excessively dry skin

 

dry; skin

No comments yet! Be the first to add a comment below!

Please login to post comments.
After login, we will forward you back to this flashcard.


Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Upgrade    Cancel