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Medical Terminology- Chapter 11- Genitourinary System


Medical Terminology Systems:A Body Systems Approach
  
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cortex
 
outer layer of an organ or body structure
erythropoietin (EPO)
 
glycoprotein homrone produced by certain cells in the kidney
libido
 
sexual desire or drive
meatus
 
opening or passage
medulla
 
inner or central portion of an organ
micturition
 
urination
nitrogenous wastes
 
products of cellular metabolism that contain nitrogen
orifice
 
opening, entrance, or outlet
percutaneous
 
procedure performed through the skin
reflux
 
backward or return flow of a fluid
urea
 
principal nitrogenous end product of protein metabolism excreted in urine and perspiration
cyst/o orvesic/p\o
 
bladder
lith/o
 
stone, calculus
meat/o
 
opening, meatus
nephr.o orren/o
 
kidney
peritone/o
 
peritoneum
pyel/o
 
renal pelvis
ur/o
 
urine
ureter/o
 
ureter
urethro
 
urethra
andr/o
 
male
balan/o
 
glans penis
epidiym/o
 
epididym/o
orch/o ororchi/o ororchid/o ortest/o
 
testis
prostat/o
 
prostate gland
spermat/o orsperm/o
 
spermatozoa, sperm cells
vas/o
 
vessel; vas deferens; duct
varic/o
 
dilated vein
vesicul/o
 
seminal vesicle
albumin/o
 
albumin, protein
azot/o
 
nitrogenous compounds
bacteri/o
 
bacteria
crypt/o
 
hidden
gonad/o
 
gonads, sex glands
kal/i
 
potassium
keton/o
 
ketone bodies
noct/o
 
night
olig/o
 
scanty
py/o
 
pus
-cide
 
killing
-iasis
 
abnormal condition
-ism
 
condition
-spadias
 
slit, fissure
-uria
 
urine
retro-
 
backward
anuria
 
absence of urine production or urinary output
azotemia
 
retention of excessive amounts of nitrogenous compounds; uremia
chronic renal failure
 
renal failure that occurs over a period of years
dysuria
 
painful or difficult urination
enuresis
 
involuntary discharge of urine; incontinence
fistula
 
abnormal passage from a hollow organ to the surface or from one organ to another
frequency
 
voiding at frequent intervals
hesitancy
 
involuntary delay
nephrotic syndrome
 
loss of large amounts of plasma protein
nocturia
 
excessive or frequent urination after going to bed
oliguria
 
diminished capacity to form and pass urine
urgency
 
feeling the need to void immediately
urolithiasis
 
presence of stones in any urinary structure
Wilms tumor
 
rapidly developing malignant neoplasm of the kidney that usually occurs in children
anorchidism
 
congential absence of one or both testes; anorchia; anorchism
aspermia
 
failure to form or ejaculate semen
balanitis
 
inflammation of the skin covering the glans penis
epispadias
 
malformation in which the urethra opens on the dorsum of the penis
hyrocele
 
accumulation of serous fluid in a saclike cavity
hypospadias
 
developmental anomaly in which the urethra opens on the underside of the penis
phimosis
 
stenosis or narrowing of preputial oriface so that the foreskin cannot be retracted over the glans penis
vericocele
 
swelling and distention of veins o the spermatic cord

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