Medical Terminology- Chapter 11- Genitourinary System

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Medical Terminology Systems:A Body Systems Approach


 
  
Created Jan 6, 2010
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1
cortex
 
outer layer of an organ or body structure
2
erythropoietin (EPO)
 
glycoprotein homrone produced by certain cells in the kidney
3
libido
 
sexual desire or drive
4
meatus
 
opening or passage
5
medulla
 
inner or central portion of an organ 
6
micturition
 
urination
7
nitrogenous wastes
 
products of cellular metabolism that contain nitrogen
8
orifice
 
opening, entrance, or outlet
9
percutaneous
 
procedure performed through the skin
10
reflux
 
backward or return flow of a fluid
11
urea
 
principal nitrogenous end product of protein metabolism excreted in urine and perspiration
12
cyst/o   orvesic/p\o
 
bladder
13
lith/o
 
stone, calculus
14
meat/o
 
opening, meatus
15
nephr.o    orren/o
 
kidney
16
peritone/o
 
peritoneum
17
pyel/o
 
renal pelvis
18
ur/o
 
urine
19
ureter/o
 
ureter
20
urethro
 
urethra
21
andr/o
 
male
22
balan/o
 
glans penis
23
epidiym/o
 
epididym/o
24
orch/o   ororchi/o    ororchid/o    ortest/o
 
testis
25
prostat/o
 
prostate gland
26
spermat/o   orsperm/o
 
spermatozoa, sperm cells
27
vas/o
 
vessel; vas deferens; duct
28
varic/o
 
dilated vein
29
vesicul/o
 
seminal vesicle
30
albumin/o
 
albumin, protein
31
azot/o
 
nitrogenous compounds
32
bacteri/o
 
bacteria
33
crypt/o
 
hidden
34
gonad/o
 
gonads, sex glands
35
kal/i
 
potassium
36
keton/o
 
ketone bodies 
37
noct/o
 
night
38
olig/o
 
scanty
39
py/o
 
pus
40
-cide
 
killing
41
-iasis
 
abnormal condition
42
-ism
 
condition
43
-spadias
 
slit, fissure
44
-uria
 
urine
45
retro-
 
backward
46
anuria
 
absence of urine production or urinary output
47
azotemia
 
retention of excessive amounts of nitrogenous compounds; uremia
48
chronic renal failure
 
renal failure that occurs over a period of years
49
dysuria
 
painful or difficult urination
50
enuresis
 
involuntary discharge of urine; incontinence
51
fistula
 
abnormal passage from a hollow organ to the surface or from one organ to another
52
frequency
 
voiding at frequent intervals
53
hesitancy
 
involuntary delay
54
nephrotic syndrome
 
loss of large amounts of plasma protein
55
nocturia
 
excessive or frequent urination after going to bed
56
oliguria
 
diminished capacity  to form and pass urine
57
urgency
 
 feeling the need to void immediately 
58
urolithiasis
 
presence of stones in any urinary structure
59
Wilms tumor
 
rapidly developing malignant neoplasm of the kidney that usually occurs in children
60
anorchidism
 
congential absence of one or both testes; anorchia; anorchism
61
aspermia
 
failure to form or ejaculate semen
62
balanitis
 
inflammation of the skin covering the glans penis
63
epispadias
 
malformation in which the urethra opens on the dorsum of the penis
64
hyrocele
 
accumulation of serous fluid in a saclike cavity
65
hypospadias
 
developmental anomaly in which the urethra opens on the underside of the penis
66
phimosis
 
stenosis or narrowing of preputial oriface so that the foreskin cannot be retracted over the...
67
vericocele
 
swelling and distention of veins o the spermatic cord

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