Medical Terminology- Chapter 10- Musculoskeletal System

Medical Terminology Systems: A Body Systems Approach
 
Created Jan 4, 2010
by
100893
Table View
Download
Print

Flashcard Set Preview

Side ASide B
articulation
place of union between two or more bones; joint
arthritis
inflammation of a joint
cruciate ligaments
ligaments that cross each other forming an X within the notch between the femoral condyles
hematopoiesis
production and development of blood cells, normally in the bone marrow
meatus
an opening or passage through any part of the body
ankyl/o
stiffness; bent, cooked
arthr/o
joint
kyph/o 
hill, mountain
lamin/o
lamina
lord/o
curve, swayback
orth/o
straight
oste/o
bone
scoli/o
crokked, bent
thorac/o
chest
acromi/o
acromion (projection of scapula)
brachi/o
arm
calcane/o
calcaneum (heel)
carp/o
carpus (wrist bone)
cephal/o
head
cervic/o
neck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)
clavicul/o
clavicle
cost/o
rib
crani/o
cranium (skull)
dactyl/o
fingers; toes
fibul/o
fibular (smaller bone of lower leg)
ili/o
ilium (lateral, flaring portion of hip bone)
ischi/o
ischium (lower portion of hip bone)
lumb/o
loins, lower back
patell/o
patella
pod/o
foot
phalang/o
phalanges (bones of fingers and toes)
pub/o
pelvis bone
radi/o
radiation, x-ray, radius
spnodyl/o    orvertebr/o
vertebrea
leiomy/o
smooth muscle (visceral)
muscul/o   ormyo
muscle
rahabd/o
rod- shaped, striated
rhabdomy/o
rod shaped muscle
chondr/o
cartilage
fasci/o
band, fascia
fibr/o
fiber, fibrous tissue
synov/o
synovial membrane, synovial fluid
ten/o   ortend/o    ortendin/o
tendon
-asthenia
weakness, debility
-clasia   orclast
to break; surgical fracure
-desis
binding, fixation 
-physis
growth
-porosis
porous
-scopy
visual examiniation
syn-
union, together, joined
ankylosis
stiffening and immobility of a joint
carpal tunnel syndrome
painful condition resulting from compression of the median nervin
claudication
lameness, limping
contracture
firbrosis of connective tissue in skin, fascia, muscle, or joint capsule that prevents normal...
crepitation
dry, grating sound or sensation caused by bone ends rubbing together
exacerbation
increase in severity of a disease or of any of its symptoms
ganglion cyst
tumor of tendon sheath or joint capsule
hypotonia
loss of muscular tone or a diminished resistance to passive stretching 
hemarthrosis
effusion of blood into a joint cavity
multiple myeloma
primary malignant tumor that infiltrates the bone and red bone marrow
osetophyte
bony outgrowth that occasionally develops on the vertebra and may exert pressure on the spinal...
rickets, rachitis
form of ostemoalacia in children caused by vitamin D deficiency 
sequestrum
fragment ofd bone that has become separated from surrounding tissue
spondylolisthesis
forward slopping of a verebrae over the one below it
spondylosis
degeneration of the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae and related tissues
sprain
trearing of ligament tissue that may be slight, moderate, or complete
strain
to exert physical force in a manner that may result in injury, usually muscular
subluxation
partial or incomplete dislocation
talopes
any number of foot deformities; club foot


Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Upgrade    Cancel