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Medical Terminology- Chapter 10- Musculoskeletal System


Medical Terminology Systems: A Body Systems Approach
  
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articulation
 
place of union between two or more bones; joint
arthritis
 
inflammation of a joint
cruciate ligaments
 
ligaments that cross each other forming an X within the notch between the femoral condyles
hematopoiesis
 
production and development of blood cells, normally in the bone marrow
meatus
 
an opening or passage through any part of the body
ankyl/o
 
stiffness; bent, cooked
arthr/o
 
joint
kyph/o
 
hill, mountain
lamin/o
 
lamina
lord/o
 
curve, swayback
orth/o
 
straight
oste/o
 
bone
scoli/o
 
crokked, bent
thorac/o
 
chest
acromi/o
 
acromion (projection of scapula)
brachi/o
 
arm
calcane/o
 
calcaneum (heel)
carp/o
 
carpus (wrist bone)
cephal/o
 
head
cervic/o
 
neck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)
clavicul/o
 
clavicle
cost/o
 
rib
crani/o
 
cranium (skull)
dactyl/o
 
fingers; toes
fibul/o
 
fibular (smaller bone of lower leg)
ili/o
 
ilium (lateral, flaring portion of hip bone)
ischi/o
 
ischium (lower portion of hip bone)
lumb/o
 
loins, lower back
patell/o
 
patella
pod/o
 
foot
phalang/o
 
phalanges (bones of fingers and toes)
pub/o
 
pelvis bone
radi/o
 
radiation, x-ray, radius
spnodyl/o orvertebr/o
 
vertebrea
leiomy/o
 
smooth muscle (visceral)
muscul/o ormyo
 
muscle
rahabd/o
 
rod- shaped, striated
rhabdomy/o
 
rod shaped muscle
chondr/o
 
cartilage
fasci/o
 
band, fascia
fibr/o
 
fiber, fibrous tissue
synov/o
 
synovial membrane, synovial fluid
ten/o ortend/o ortendin/o
 
tendon
-asthenia
 
weakness, debility
-clasia orclast
 
to break; surgical fracure
-desis
 
binding, fixation
-physis
 
growth
-porosis
 
porous
-scopy
 
visual examiniation
syn-
 
union, together, joined
ankylosis
 
stiffening and immobility of a joint
carpal tunnel syndrome
 
painful condition resulting from compression of the median nervin
claudication
 
lameness, limping
contracture
 
firbrosis of connective tissue in skin, fascia, muscle, or joint capsule that prevents normal mobility of the related tissue or joint
crepitation
 
dry, grating sound or sensation caused by bone ends rubbing together
exacerbation
 
increase in severity of a disease or of any of its symptoms
ganglion cyst
 
tumor of tendon sheath or joint capsule
hypotonia
 
loss of muscular tone or a diminished resistance to passive stretching
hemarthrosis
 
effusion of blood into a joint cavity
multiple myeloma
 
primary malignant tumor that infiltrates the bone and red bone marrow
osetophyte
 
bony outgrowth that occasionally develops on the vertebra and may exert pressure on the spinal cord
rickets, rachitis
 
form of ostemoalacia in children caused by vitamin D deficiency
sequestrum
 
fragment ofd bone that has become separated from surrounding tissue
spondylolisthesis
 
forward slopping of a verebrae over the one below it
spondylosis
 
degeneration of the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae and related tissues
sprain
 
trearing of ligament tissue that may be slight, moderate, or complete
strain
 
to exert physical force in a manner that may result in injury, usually muscular
subluxation
 
partial or incomplete dislocation
talopes
 
any number of foot deformities; club foot

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