Medical Terminology- Chapter 10- Musculoskeletal System

69 cards

medical terminology systems: a body systems approach


 
  
Created Jan 4, 2010
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1
articulation
 
place of union between two or more bones; joint
2
arthritis
 
inflammation of a joint
3
cruciate ligaments
 
ligaments that cross each other forming an X within the notch between the femoral condyles
4
hematopoiesis
 
production and development of blood cells, normally in the bone marrow
5
meatus
 
an opening or passage through any part of the body
6
ankyl/o
 
stiffness; bent, cooked
7
arthr/o
 
joint
8
kyph/o 
 
hill, mountain
9
lamin/o
 
lamina
10
lord/o
 
curve, swayback
11
orth/o
 
straight
12
oste/o
 
bone
13
scoli/o
 
crokked, bent
14
thorac/o
 
chest
15
acromi/o
 
acromion (projection of scapula)
16
brachi/o
 
arm
17
calcane/o
 
calcaneum (heel)
18
carp/o
 
carpus (wrist bone)
19
cephal/o
 
head
20
cervic/o
 
neck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)
21
clavicul/o
 
clavicle
22
cost/o
 
rib
23
crani/o
 
cranium (skull)
24
dactyl/o
 
fingers; toes
25
fibul/o
 
fibular (smaller bone of lower leg)
26
ili/o
 
ilium (lateral, flaring portion of hip bone)
27
ischi/o
 
ischium (lower portion of hip bone)
28
lumb/o
 
loins, lower back
29
patell/o
 
patella
30
pod/o
 
foot
31
phalang/o
 
phalanges (bones of fingers and toes)
32
pub/o
 
pelvis bone
33
radi/o
 
radiation, x-ray, radius
34
spnodyl/o    orvertebr/o
 
vertebrea
35
leiomy/o
 
smooth muscle (visceral)
36
muscul/o   ormyo
 
muscle
37
rahabd/o
 
rod- shaped, striated
38
rhabdomy/o
 
rod shaped muscle
39
chondr/o
 
cartilage
40
fasci/o
 
band, fascia
41
fibr/o
 
fiber, fibrous tissue
42
synov/o
 
synovial membrane, synovial fluid
43
ten/o   ortend/o    ortendin/o
 
tendon
44
-asthenia
 
weakness, debility
45
-clasia   orclast
 
to break; surgical fracure
46
-desis
 
binding, fixation 
47
-physis
 
growth
48
-porosis
 
porous
49
-scopy
 
visual examiniation
50
syn-
 
union, together, joined
51
ankylosis
 
stiffening and immobility of a joint
52
carpal tunnel syndrome
 
painful condition resulting from compression of the median nervin
53
claudication
 
lameness, limping
54
contracture
 
firbrosis of connective tissue in skin, fascia, muscle, or joint capsule that prevents normal...
55
crepitation
 
dry, grating sound or sensation caused by bone ends rubbing together
56
exacerbation
 
increase in severity of a disease or of any of its symptoms
57
ganglion cyst
 
tumor of tendon sheath or joint capsule
58
hypotonia
 
loss of muscular tone or a diminished resistance to passive stretching 
59
hemarthrosis
 
effusion of blood into a joint cavity
60
multiple myeloma
 
primary malignant tumor that infiltrates the bone and red bone marrow
61
osetophyte
 
bony outgrowth that occasionally develops on the vertebra and may exert pressure on the spinal...
62
rickets, rachitis
 
form of ostemoalacia in children caused by vitamin D deficiency 
63
sequestrum
 
fragment ofd bone that has become separated from surrounding tissue
64
spondylolisthesis
 
forward slopping of a verebrae over the one below it
65
spondylosis
 
degeneration of the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae and related tissues
66
sprain
 
trearing of ligament tissue that may be slight, moderate, or complete
67
strain
 
to exert physical force in a manner that may result in injury, usually muscular
68
subluxation
 
partial or incomplete dislocation
69
talopes
 
any number of foot deformities; club foot

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