Medical Terminology - Obstetrics And Gynecology

Medical Terminology -  Obstetrics And Gynecology Obstetrics An D Gyneco
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perimetrium, myometrium, endometrium
 
outter, musclular, and inner mucosal lining of the uterine wall.
vagina
 
muscular tube that extends from the cervix to the exterior of the body.
ovaries
 
female gonads, almond shaped glands located in the pelvic cavity.
fallopian tubes
 
open near the ovaries and extend laterally from superior angles of the uterus.
fimbriae
 
fingerlike projections that encircle the open end of each fallopian tube. Wavelike current gide a released ovum into the fallopian tube.
fertilization of the ovum
 
takes place if spermatozoa are present.
cervix
 
central opening into the vagina, allows the passage of sperm and menstrual blood. Dialates during birth.
perineum
 
area between the anus and vaginal orifice
mammary glands
 
milk glands.
menarche, menopause
 
the initial menstrual period, when menstrual period becomes very irregular and then finally stops.
amnion
 
thin membranous bag that surrounds the embryo.
placenta
 
shaped like a pancake, provides an exchange of nutrients.
umbilical cord
 
holds the embryo in the amniotic cavity and includes three blood vessels that transport blood between the embryo and the placenta.
amni/o
 
amnion
cervic/o
 
neck, cervix
vagin/o, vagin/o/myc/osis
 
vagina, abnormal condition of a vaginal fungus.
lact/o
 
milk
gynec/o
 
woman, female
hyster/o
 
uterus, womb
uter/o
 
uterus, womb
mamm/o
 
breast
mast/o
 
mast/o/pexy
men/o
 
menses, menstration
nat/o
 
birth
oophor/o
 
ovary
perine/o
 
perineum
salping/o
 
fallopian tubes
ante-
 
before, in front of
intra-, endo-
 
in, within
multi-
 
many, much
nulli-
 
none
oxy-, oxy/tocia
 
quick, sharp, quick childbirth
primi-, primipara
 
first, first birth
amenorrhea
 
absence of menstration
dysmenorrhea
 
painful menstration
menorrhagia
 
increased amount and duration of menstrual flow.
metrorrhagia
 
bleeding between menstrual cycles.
premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
 
syndrome of nervous tension, irritability, weight gain, edema, headache, mastalgia, dysphoria, and lack of coordination occuring during the last few days of the the menstrual cycle before the onset of menses.
fibrocystic breast disease
 
the presence of single or multiple cysts that are palpable in the breasts.
fibroma (fibroid) of the uterus
 
a benign neoplasm consisting of fibrous, encapsulated connective tissue. Tumor develops in the myometrium.
ovarian cyst
 
a globular sac filled with fluid or semisolid material that develops in or on the ovary.
carcinoma of the breast
 
malignant neoplasm of the breast. Breast cancer.
carcinoma of the cervix
 
a malignant neoplasm of the uterine cervix that can be detected in the early curable stage by the pap test.
endometriosis
 
the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity.
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
 
infection of the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and adjacent pelvic structures.
abruptio placentae
 
premature detachment of a normally situated placenta after the 20th week of gestation.
breech presentation
 
intrauterine position of the fetus in which the buttocks or feet present first vs the head.
eclampsia
 
the gravest form of pregnancy induced hypertension
ectopic pregnancy
 
implantation of the fertilized ovum outside of the uterine cavity.
placenta previa
 
a placenta that is abnormally implanted in the uterus so that it impinges on or covers the internal os (opening) of the uterine cervix.
pre-eclampsia
 
a complication of pregnancy characterized by hypertension, proteinuria, and edema
amniocentesis
 
removal of a small amnt of amniotic fluid for laboratory analysis.
Pap smear (papanicolaou test)
 
microscopic analysis of cells taken from the cervix and vagina to detect the presence of carcinoma.
Dilation and curettage (D&C)
 
dilation of the uterine cervix canal of the uterus and scraping (curettage) of the endometrium of the uterus.
hysterectomy
 
removal of the uterus through the abdominal wall or vagina
lumpectomy
 
surgical excision of a tumor
mastectomy
 
surgical removal of one or both breasts
tubal ligation
 
sterilization procedure that involves blocking both fallopian tubes by cutting or burning them and tying them off.
abortion
 
the termination of pregnancy before the fetus reaches the stage of viablity, may be spontaneous or induced.
cesarean section (c-section)
 
removal of the fetus by abdominal incision into the uterus.
episiotomy
 
surgical procedure in which an incision is made in a woman's perineum to enlarge her vaginal opening for delivery.
AB, ab
 
abortion
D&C (D And C)
 
Dilation and curettage
DC
 
discharge
GYN
 
gynecology
LMP
 
last menstrual period
OCPs
 
oral contraceptive pills
Pap
 
Papanicolaou smear (pap smear)
PID
 
pelvic inflammatory disease
PMS
 
premenstrual syndrome
TAH
 
total abdominal hysterectomy
TVH
 
total vaginal hysterectomy
CS, C-section
 
cesarean section
DOB
 
date of birth
NB
 
newborn
OB
 
obstetrics
CA
 
cancer
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