Medical Terminology - Obstetrics And Gynecology

Obstetrics An D Gyneco
Created Jul 20, 2010
by missjoci
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perimetrium, myometrium, endometrium
outter, musclular, and inner mucosal lining of the uterine wall.
vagina
muscular tube that extends from the cervix to the exterior of the body.
ovaries
female gonads, almond shaped glands located in the pelvic cavity.
fallopian tubes
open near the ovaries and extend laterally from superior angles of the uterus.
fimbriae
fingerlike projections that encircle the open end of each fallopian tube.  Wavelike current...
fertilization of the ovum
takes place if spermatozoa are present.
cervix
central opening into the vagina, allows the passage of sperm and menstrual blood. Dialates...
perineum
area between the anus and vaginal orifice
mammary glands
milk glands.
menarche, menopause
the initial menstrual period,  when menstrual period becomes very irregular and then finally...
amnion
thin membranous bag that surrounds the embryo.
placenta
shaped like a pancake, provides an exchange of nutrients.
umbilical cord
holds the embryo in the amniotic cavity and includes three blood vessels that transport blood...
amni/o
amnion
cervic/o
neck, cervix
vagin/o, vagin/o/myc/osis
vagina, abnormal condition of a vaginal fungus.
lact/o
milk
gynec/o
woman, female
hyster/o
uterus, womb
uter/o
uterus, womb
mamm/o
breast
mast/o
mast/o/pexy
men/o
menses, menstration
nat/o
birth
oophor/o
ovary
perine/o
perineum
salping/o
fallopian tubes
ante-
before, in front of
intra-, endo-
in, within
multi-
many, much
nulli-
none
oxy-, oxy/tocia
quick, sharp, quick childbirth
primi-, primipara
first, first birth
amenorrhea
absence of menstration
dysmenorrhea
painful menstration
menorrhagia
increased amount and duration of menstrual flow.
metrorrhagia
bleeding between menstrual cycles.
premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
syndrome of nervous tension, irritability, weight gain, edema, headache, mastalgia, dysphoria,...
fibrocystic breast disease
the presence of single or multiple cysts that are palpable in the breasts.
fibroma (fibroid) of the uterus
a benign neoplasm consisting of fibrous, encapsulated connective tissue.  Tumor develops...
ovarian cyst
a globular sac filled with fluid or semisolid material that develops in or on the ovary.
carcinoma of the breast
malignant neoplasm of the breast.  Breast cancer.
carcinoma of the cervix
a malignant neoplasm of the uterine cervix that can be detected in the early curable stage...
endometriosis
the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity.
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
infection of the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and adjacent pelvic structures.
abruptio placentae
premature detachment of a normally situated placenta after the 20th week of gestation.
breech presentation
intrauterine position of the fetus in which the buttocks or feet present first vs the head.
eclampsia
the gravest form of pregnancy induced hypertension
ectopic pregnancy
implantation of the fertilized ovum outside of the uterine cavity.
placenta previa
a placenta that is abnormally implanted in the uterus so that it impinges on or covers the...
pre-eclampsia
a complication of pregnancy characterized by hypertension, proteinuria, and edema
amniocentesis
removal of a small amnt of amniotic fluid for laboratory analysis.
Pap smear (papanicolaou test)
microscopic analysis of cells taken from the cervix and vagina to detect the presence of carcinoma.
Dilation and curettage (D&C)
dilation of the uterine cervix canal of the uterus and scraping (curettage) of the endometrium...
hysterectomy
removal of the uterus through the abdominal wall or vagina
lumpectomy
surgical excision of a tumor
mastectomy
surgical removal of one or both breasts
tubal ligation
sterilization procedure that involves blocking both fallopian tubes by cutting or burning them...
abortion
the termination of pregnancy before the fetus reaches the stage of viablity, may be spontaneous...
cesarean section (c-section)
removal of the fetus by abdominal incision into the uterus.
episiotomy
surgical procedure in which an incision is made in a woman's perineum to enlarge her vaginal...
AB, ab
abortion
D&C  (D And C)
Dilation and curettage
DC
discharge
GYN
gynecology
LMP
last menstrual period
OCPs
oral contraceptive pills
Pap
Papanicolaou smear (pap smear)
PID
pelvic inflammatory disease
PMS
premenstrual syndrome
TAH
total abdominal hysterectomy
TVH
total vaginal hysterectomy
CS, C-section
cesarean section
DOB
date of birth
NB
newborn
OB
obstetrics
CA
cancer


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