Med Term Exam 4

Med Term Exam 4
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Lymphatic tissue in the nasopharnx (Pharyngeal tonsils)
 
adenoids
air sacs in the lungs
 
alveolus
tip or uppermost portion of the lungs
 
apex of the lung
lower portion of the lung
 
base of lung
smallest branches of the bronchi
 
bronchioles
branch of teh trachea that is a passageway into the lung
 
bronchus
gas produced by body cells when O2 and food combine
 
CO2
thin hairs attatched to the mucous membrane epithelium lining the respiratory tract
 
cilia
muscle separtaing the lungs and the abdomen
 
diaphragm
lid-like piece of cartilage that covers the larynx, preventing food from entering the larynx and trachea during swallowing
 
epiglottis
breathing out
 
expiration
slit-like opening to the larynx
 
glottis
midline region where the bronchi, blood vessels adn nerves enter and exit the lungs
 
hilium
voice box, containing vocal chords
 
larynx
division of a lung
 
lobe
region between the lungs that contains the trachea, heart, aorta, esophagus and bronchial tubes
 
mediastinum
openings through the nose
 
nares
one pair of almond-shaped masses of lymphatic tissue in the oropharynx
 
palatine tonsils
one of the air cavities in the bones near the nose
 
paranasal sinus
outer fold of the pleura lying closer tot he ribs and chest wall
 
parietal pleura
throat
 
pharynx
double-folded membrane surrounding each lung
 
pleura
space between the folds of the pleura
 
pleural cavity
Essential parts of the lung, responsible for respiration (alveoli and bronchioles)
 
pulmonary parenchyma**
windpipe
 
trachea
inner fold of pleura lying closer to the lung tissue
 
visceral pleura
adenoids
 
adenoid/o
alveol/o
 
alveolus, air sac
bronchi/o
 
bronchus
bronch/o
 
bronchial tubes
bronchiol/o
 
bronchioles
capn/o
 
CO2
coni/o
 
dust
cyan/o
 
blue
epiglott/o
 
epiglottis
laryng/o
 
larynx (voice box)
lob/o
 
lof of the lung
mediastin/o
 
mediastinum
nas/o
 
nose
orth/o
 
straight, upright
ox/o
 
oxygen
pector/o
 
chest
pharyng/o
 
pharynx, throat
phon/o
 
voice
phren/o
 
diaphragm
pleur/o
 
pleura
pneum/o
pneumon/o
 
lung, air
pulmon/o
 
lung
rhin/o
 
nose
sinus/o
 
sinus, cavity
spir/o
 
breathing
tel/o
 
complete
thorac/o
 
chest
tonsill/o
 
tonsils
trache/o
 
trachea, windpipe
-ema
 
condition
-osmia
 
smell
-pnea
 
breathing
-ptysis
 
spitting
-sphyxia*
 
pulse
-thorax
 
pleural cavity, chest
listening to the passage of air into and out of the lungs
 
auscultation
tapping on a surface to determine the difference in teh density of underlying structures
 
percussion
scratchy sound produced by pleural surfaces rubbing against each other
 
pleural rub
material expelled from the bronchi, lungs, or upper respiratory tract by spitting
 
sputum
chronic bronchial inflammatory disorder with airway obstruction due to bronchial edema, increased mucus production and bronchial constriction
 
asthma
inflammation of bronchi persisting over a long time
 
chronic bronchitis
hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls
 
emphysema
3 types of pneumoconiosis
 
1.) anthacosis
2.) silicosis
3.) asbestosis
acute inflammation and infection of alveoli, which fill with pus or products of the inflammatory reaction
 
pneumonia
large collecction of pus in the lungs
 
pulmonary abscess
clot or other material lodges in vessels of the lung
 
pulmonary embolism
fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles
 
pulmonary edema
abnoramal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space
 
pleural effusion
collection of ait in the pleural space
 
pneumothorax
fiberoptic endoscope examination of the bronchial tubes
 
bronchoscopy
visual examination of the voice box
 
laryngoscopy
placement of a tube through the mouth into the pharynx, larynx, and trachea to establish an airway
 
endotracheal intubation
removal of lung tissue followed by microscopic examination
 
lung biopsy
large surgical incision of the chest
 
thoracotomy
surgical creation fo an opening into the trachea through the neck
 
tracheostomy
ARDS
 
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
COPD
 
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
CPR
 
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
TB
 
tuberculosis
URI
 
Upper Respiratory Infection
the study of poisons or harmful substances and how they affect the body
 
toxicology
medication that blocks the action of a poison or harmful substance
 
antidote
an unexpected effect of a drug or medication on the body
 
idiosyncrasy
a medical condition caused by a treatment or medication
 
iatrogenic
effects of a drug beyond its intended purpose
 
side effects
a good reason why a particular medication should not be given to a patient
 
contraindication
liquid portion of the blood that contains water proteins salt etc...
 
plasma
protein in blood that maintains proper amount of water in the blood
 
albumins
protein that is converted into fibrin in the clotting process
 
fibrinogen
enzyme that converts fibrinogen to fibrin during coagulation
 
thrombin
protein threads that form the basis of a blood clot
 
fibrin
plasma minus the clotting proteins and cells
 
serum
large platelet precursor cell found in the bone marrow
 
megakaryocyte
small blood fragment that collects at sites of injury to begin the clotting process
 
platelets
term for platelet
 
thrombocyte
hormone secreted by the kidneys that stimulates RBC formation
 
erythropoietin
destruction of blood
 
hemolysis
orange yellow pigment found in bile formed by the breakdown of hemoglobin
 
bilirubin
WBC that containing granules that stain blue and are associated with the release of histamines
 
basophils
WBC containing granules that stain red and are associated with allergic rxns
 
eosinophils
granulocytic luekocyte that is formed in bone marrow
 
neutrophil
leukocyte with one large nucleus
 
monocyte
mononuclear leukocyte that produces antibodies
 
lymphocyte
substance that stimulates the production of antibody
 
antigen
protein with antibody activity
 
immunoglobulin
response of the immune system to a foreign invasion
 
immune reaction
deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
 
anemia
reduction in red cells due to excessive destruction
 
hemolytic anemia
hereditary condition characterized by abnormal sickle shape of erythrocytes and by hemolysis
 
sickle cell anemia
increase in cancerous WBC
 
leukemia
disappearance of signs and symptoms of disease
 
remission
when signs and symptoms reappear
 
relapse
time required for venous blood to clot in a test tube
 
coagulation time
determination of numbers of blood cells, hemoglobin concentration, hematocrit adn red cell values
 
complete blood count
percentage of erythrocytes in a volume of blood
 
hematocrit
number of platelets per cubic mm or micro liter of blood
 
platelet count
number of erythrocytes per cubic mm or microliter of blood
 
RBC count
microscopic examination of a stained blood smear to determine the shape of an individuals red cells
 
RBC morphology
percentages of different types of leukocytes in the blood
 
WBC differential
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