Med Term Exam 4

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Created May 18, 2013
by
lexihaigh

 

 
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1
Lymphatic tissue in the nasopharnx (Pharyngeal tonsils) 
 
adenoids
2
air sacs in the lungs
 
alveolus
3
tip or uppermost portion of the lungs
 
apex of the lung
4
lower portion of the lung
 
base of lung
5
smallest branches of the bronchi
 
bronchioles
6
branch of teh trachea that is a passageway into the lung
 
bronchus
7
gas produced by body cells when O2 and food combine
 
CO2
8
thin hairs attatched to the mucous membrane epithelium lining the respiratory tract
 
cilia
9
muscle separtaing the lungs and the abdomen
 
diaphragm
10
lid-like piece of cartilage that covers the larynx, preventing food from entering the larynx...
 
epiglottis
11
breathing out 
 
expiration
12
slit-like opening to the larynx
 
glottis
13
midline region where the bronchi, blood vessels adn nerves enter and exit the lungs
 
hilium 
14
voice box, containing vocal chords
 
larynx
15
division of a lung
 
lobe
16
region between the lungs that contains the trachea, heart, aorta, esophagus and bronchial tubes
 
mediastinum
17
openings through the nose
 
nares
18
one pair of almond-shaped masses of lymphatic tissue in the oropharynx
 
palatine tonsils
19
one of the air cavities in the bones near the nose
 
paranasal sinus
20
outer fold of the pleura lying closer tot he ribs and chest wall
 
parietal pleura
21
throat
 
pharynx
22
double-folded membrane surrounding each lung
 
pleura
23
space between the folds of the pleura
 
pleural cavity
24
Essential parts of the lung, responsible for respiration (alveoli and bronchioles)
 
pulmonary parenchyma**
25
windpipe
 
trachea
26
inner fold of pleura lying closer to the lung tissue
 
visceral pleura
27
adenoids
 
adenoid/o
28
alveol/o
 
alveolus, air sac
29
bronchi/o
 
bronchus
30
bronch/o
 
bronchial tubes
31
bronchiol/o
 
bronchioles
32
capn/o
 
CO2
33
coni/o
 
dust
34
cyan/o
 
blue
35
epiglott/o
 
epiglottis
36
laryng/o
 
larynx (voice box) 
37
lob/o
 
lof of the lung
38
mediastin/o
 
mediastinum
39
nas/o
 
nose
40
orth/o
 
straight, upright
41
ox/o
 
oxygen
42
pector/o
 
chest
43
pharyng/o
 
pharynx, throat
44
phon/o
 
voice
45
phren/o
 
diaphragm
46
pleur/o
 
pleura
47
pneum/o
pneumon/o
 
lung, air
48
pulmon/o
 
lung
49
rhin/o
 
nose
50
sinus/o
 
sinus, cavity
51
spir/o
 
breathing
52
tel/o
 
complete
53
thorac/o
 
chest
54
tonsill/o
 
tonsils
55
trache/o
 
trachea, windpipe
56
-ema
 
condition
57
-osmia
 
smell
58
-pnea
 
breathing
59
-ptysis
 
spitting
60
-sphyxia*
 
pulse
61
-thorax
 
pleural cavity, chest
62
listening to the passage of air into and out of the lungs
 
auscultation
63
tapping on a surface to determine the difference in teh density of underlying structures
 
percussion
64
scratchy sound produced by pleural surfaces rubbing against each other
 
pleural rub
65
material expelled from the bronchi, lungs, or upper respiratory tract by spitting
 
sputum
66
chronic bronchial inflammatory disorder with airway obstruction due to bronchial edema, increased...
 
asthma
67
inflammation of bronchi persisting over a long time
 
chronic bronchitis
68
hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls
 
emphysema
69
3 types of pneumoconiosis
 
1.) anthacosis
2.) silicosis
3.) asbestosis
70
acute inflammation and infection of alveoli, which fill with pus or products of the inflammatory...
 
pneumonia
71
large collecction of pus in the lungs
 
pulmonary abscess
72
clot or other material lodges in vessels of the lung
 
pulmonary embolism
73
fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles
 
pulmonary edema
74
abnoramal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space
 
pleural effusion
75
collection of ait in the pleural space
 
pneumothorax
76
fiberoptic endoscope examination of the bronchial tubes
 
bronchoscopy
77
visual examination of the voice box
 
laryngoscopy
78
placement of a tube through the mouth into the pharynx, larynx, and trachea to establish an...
 
endotracheal intubation
79
removal of lung tissue followed by microscopic examination
 
lung biopsy
80
large surgical incision of the chest
 
thoracotomy
81
surgical creation fo an opening into the trachea through the neck
 
tracheostomy
82
ARDS
 
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
83
COPD
 
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
84
CPR
 
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
85
TB
 
tuberculosis
86
URI
 
Upper Respiratory Infection
87
the study of poisons or harmful substances and how they affect the body
 
toxicology
88
medication that blocks the action of a poison or harmful substance
 
antidote
89
an unexpected effect of a drug or medication on the body
 
idiosyncrasy
90
a medical condition caused by a treatment or medication
 
iatrogenic
91
effects of a drug beyond its intended purpose
 
side effects
92
a good reason why a particular medication should not be given to a patient
 
contraindication
93
liquid portion of the blood that contains water proteins salt etc...
 
plasma
94
protein in blood that maintains proper amount of water in the blood
 
albumins
95
protein that is converted into fibrin in the clotting process
 
fibrinogen
96
enzyme that converts fibrinogen to fibrin during coagulation
 
thrombin
97
protein threads that form the basis of a blood clot
 
fibrin
98
plasma minus the clotting proteins and cells
 
serum
99
large platelet precursor cell found in the bone marrow
 
megakaryocyte
100
small blood fragment that collects at sites of injury to begin the clotting process
 
platelets
101
term for platelet
 
thrombocyte
102
hormone secreted by the kidneys that stimulates RBC formation
 
erythropoietin
103
destruction of blood
 
hemolysis
104
orange yellow pigment found in bile formed by the breakdown of hemoglobin
 
bilirubin
105
WBC that containing granules that stain blue and are associated with the release of histamines
 
basophils
106
WBC containing granules that stain red and are associated with allergic rxns
 
eosinophils
107
granulocytic luekocyte that is formed in bone marrow
 
neutrophil
108
leukocyte with one large nucleus
 
monocyte
109
mononuclear leukocyte that produces antibodies
 
lymphocyte
110
substance that stimulates the production of antibody
 
antigen
111
protein with antibody activity
 
immunoglobulin
112
response of the immune system to a foreign invasion
 
immune reaction
113
deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
 
anemia
114
reduction in red cells due to excessive destruction
 
hemolytic anemia
115
hereditary condition characterized by abnormal sickle shape of erythrocytes and by hemolysis
 
sickle cell anemia
116
increase in cancerous WBC
 
leukemia
117
disappearance of signs and symptoms of disease
 
remission
118
when signs and symptoms reappear
 
relapse
119
time required for venous blood to clot in a test tube
 
coagulation time
120
determination of numbers of blood cells, hemoglobin concentration, hematocrit adn red cell...
 
complete blood count
121
percentage of erythrocytes in a volume of blood
 
hematocrit
122
number of platelets per cubic mm or micro liter of blood
 
platelet count
123
number of erythrocytes per cubic mm or microliter of blood
 
RBC count
124
microscopic examination of a stained blood smear to determine the shape of an individuals red...
 
RBC morphology
125
percentages of different types of leukocytes in the blood
 
WBC differential

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