Med Term Ch 5

MED TERMMM﷯﷯﷯ ﷯﷯﷯﷯﷯﷯ 
 
Created Sep 26, 2010
by
c.marie.maloney
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Side ASide B
nasal septum
partition separating the right left nasal cavaties
paranasal sinuses
air cavities w/in cranial bones that open into nasal cavaties
larynx
location of vocal chords, aka voice box
bronchus
aka bronchi, branches from trachea conduct air to lungs
alveolus
aka alveoli, air sacs at end of bronchioles
lungs
right = 3 lobes, left = 2
pleura
double-folded serous membrane covering each lung and linging the thracic cavity w/ a small...
mediastinum
space between lungs, contains heart, esophagus, trachea, great blood vessels, and other
adenoid/o
adenoid
aveol/o
alveolus
diaphragmat/o, phren/o
diaphragm
laryng/o
larynyx
lob/o
lobe
nas/o, rhin/o
nose
pharyng/o
pharynyx
pleur/o
pleura
pneum/o, pneumat/o, pneumon/o, pulmon/o
lung
sept/o
septum (wall off, fence)
sinus/o
sinus
thorac/o
thorax (chest)
tonsill/o
tonsil
trache/o
trachea
atel/o
imperfect, incomplete
capn/o
carbon dioxide
hem/o, hemat/o
blood
muc/o
mucus
orth/o
straight
ox/o, ox/i
oxygen
phon/o
sound, voice
py/o
pus
somn/o
sleep
spir/o
breathe, breathing
a-, an-
without or absence of
endo-
within organ or body part
eu-
normal, good
pan-
all, total
poly-
many, much
tachy-
fast, rapid
-algia
pain
-ar, -ary, -eal
pertaining to
-cele
hernia or protrusion
-centesis
surgical punture to aspirate fluid
-ecstasis
stretching out, dilating, expanison
-graphy
process of recording
-meter
instrument used to measure
-metry
measurement
-pexy
surgical fixation, suspension
-pnea
breathing
-rrhagia
rapid flow of blood
-stenosis
constriction or narrowing
-stomy
creation of artifcal opening
-tomy
cut into or incision
atelectasis
incomplete expansion of lung
bronchiectasis
dilation of bronchi
bronchopneumonia
diseased state of bronhi and lungs, usually by infection
hemothorax
blood in the chest
laryngotracheobronchitis (LTB)
inflammation of larynyx, trachea, and bronchi, aka croup
pansinusitis
inflammation of all sinuses
pneumoconiosis
abnormal condition of dust in the lungs
adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
respiratory failure in an adult as a result of disease or injury, symptoms, include dyspnea,...
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
group of disorders resulting from smoking that obscures bronchial flow, emphysema, chronic...
cor pulmonale
serious cardiac disease associated with chronic lung disease, such as emphysema
cystic fibrosis (CF)
hereditary, of exocrine glands, excess mucus production, pancreatic deficiency
emphysema
stretching of lung tissue
epistaxis
nosebleed, aka rhinorrhagia
Legionnaire disease
a lobar pneumonia caused by bacteria
obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
repetitive pharyngeal collapse during sleeps, absence of breathing
pertussis
contagious bacterial infection, aka whooping cough
pleural effusion
escape of fluid into pleural space as a result of inflammation
pulmonary embolism
foreign matter carried in circulation to pulmonary artery, blocking circulation
tuberculosis (TB)
infectious disease, caused by acid-fast bacillus
spirometer
instrument used to measure breathing (lung volume)
chest computed tomography (CT) scan
computerized images of chest sliced front to back
chest radiography (CXR)
chest x-ray
PPD skin test
Purified protein derivative skin test, on individuals recently exposed to TB
acapnia
abnormal low levels of carbon dioxide in blood
aphonia
loss of voice
eupnea
normal breathing
hyperpnea
excessive breathing
hypopnea
deficient breathing
rhinorrhea
discharge from nose
aspirate
to withdraw fluid or to suction as well as draw foreign material into respiratory tract
hiccup
singultus
paroxysm
periodic, sudden attack
patent
open
sputum
mucous secretion from lungs, expelled thru mouth


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