Med Term Ch 5


MED TERMMM  
  
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nasal septum
 
partition separating the right left nasal cavaties
paranasal sinuses
 
air cavities w/in cranial bones that open into nasal cavaties
larynx
 
location of vocal chords, aka voice box
bronchus
 
aka bronchi, branches from trachea conduct air to lungs
alveolus
 
aka alveoli, air sacs at end of bronchioles
lungs
 
right = 3 lobes, left = 2
pleura
 
double-folded serous membrane covering each lung and linging the thracic cavity w/ a small space between, called pleural cavity
mediastinum
 
space between lungs, contains heart, esophagus, trachea, great blood vessels, and other
adenoid/o
 
adenoid
aveol/o
 
alveolus
diaphragmat/o, phren/o
 
diaphragm
laryng/o
 
larynyx
lob/o
 
lobe
nas/o, rhin/o
 
nose
pharyng/o
 
pharynyx
pleur/o
 
pleura
pneum/o, pneumat/o, pneumon/o, pulmon/o
 
lung
sept/o
 
septum (wall off, fence)
sinus/o
 
sinus
thorac/o
 
thorax (chest)
tonsill/o
 
tonsil
trache/o
 
trachea
atel/o
 
imperfect, incomplete
capn/o
 
carbon dioxide
hem/o, hemat/o
 
blood
muc/o
 
mucus
orth/o
 
straight
ox/o, ox/i
 
oxygen
phon/o
 
sound, voice
py/o
 
pus
somn/o
 
sleep
spir/o
 
breathe, breathing
a-, an-
 
without or absence of
endo-
 
within organ or body part
eu-
 
normal, good
pan-
 
all, total
poly-
 
many, much
tachy-
 
fast, rapid
-algia
 
pain
-ar, -ary, -eal
 
pertaining to
-cele
 
hernia or protrusion
-centesis
 
surgical punture to aspirate fluid
-ecstasis
 
stretching out, dilating, expanison
-graphy
 
process of recording
-meter
 
instrument used to measure
-metry
 
measurement
-pexy
 
surgical fixation, suspension
-pnea
 
breathing
-rrhagia
 
rapid flow of blood
-stenosis
 
constriction or narrowing
-stomy
 
creation of artifcal opening
-tomy
 
cut into or incision
atelectasis
 
incomplete expansion of lung
bronchiectasis
 
dilation of bronchi
bronchopneumonia
 
diseased state of bronhi and lungs, usually by infection
hemothorax
 
blood in the chest
laryngotracheobronchitis (LTB)
 
inflammation of larynyx, trachea, and bronchi, aka croup
pansinusitis
 
inflammation of all sinuses
pneumoconiosis
 
abnormal condition of dust in the lungs
adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
 
respiratory failure in an adult as a result of disease or injury, symptoms, include dyspnea, rapid breathing, and cyanosis, aka acute rds
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
 
group of disorders resulting from smoking that obscures bronchial flow, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, bronchospasm
cor pulmonale
 
serious cardiac disease associated with chronic lung disease, such as emphysema
cystic fibrosis (CF)
 
hereditary, of exocrine glands, excess mucus production, pancreatic deficiency
emphysema
 
stretching of lung tissue
epistaxis
 
nosebleed, aka rhinorrhagia
Legionnaire disease
 
a lobar pneumonia caused by bacteria
obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
 
repetitive pharyngeal collapse during sleeps, absence of breathing
pertussis
 
contagious bacterial infection, aka whooping cough
pleural effusion
 
escape of fluid into pleural space as a result of inflammation
pulmonary embolism
 
foreign matter carried in circulation to pulmonary artery, blocking circulation
tuberculosis (TB)
 
infectious disease, caused by acid-fast bacillus
spirometer
 
instrument used to measure breathing (lung volume)
chest computed tomography (CT) scan
 
computerized images of chest sliced front to back
chest radiography (CXR)
 
chest x-ray
PPD skin test
 
Purified protein derivative skin test, on individuals recently exposed to TB
acapnia
 
abnormal low levels of carbon dioxide in blood
aphonia
 
loss of voice
eupnea
 
normal breathing
hyperpnea
 
excessive breathing
hypopnea
 
deficient breathing
rhinorrhea
 
discharge from nose
aspirate
 
to withdraw fluid or to suction as well as draw foreign material into respiratory tract
hiccup
 
singultus
paroxysm
 
periodic, sudden attack
patent
 
open
sputum
 
mucous secretion from lungs, expelled thru mouth

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