Med Term Ch 5

86 cards

MED TERMMM﷯﷯﷯ ﷯﷯﷯﷯﷯﷯ 


 
  
Created Sep 26, 2010
by
c.marie.maloney

 

 
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  Side A   Side B
1
nasal septum
 
partition separating the right left nasal cavaties
2
paranasal sinuses
 
air cavities w/in cranial bones that open into nasal cavaties
3
larynx
 
location of vocal chords, aka voice box
4
bronchus
 
aka bronchi, branches from trachea conduct air to lungs
5
alveolus
 
aka alveoli, air sacs at end of bronchioles
6
lungs
 
right = 3 lobes, left = 2
7
pleura
 
double-folded serous membrane covering each lung and linging the thracic cavity w/ a small...
8
mediastinum
 
space between lungs, contains heart, esophagus, trachea, great blood vessels, and other
9
adenoid/o
 
adenoid
10
aveol/o
 
alveolus
11
diaphragmat/o, phren/o
 
diaphragm
12
laryng/o
 
larynyx
13
lob/o
 
lobe
14
nas/o, rhin/o
 
nose
15
pharyng/o
 
pharynyx
16
pleur/o
 
pleura
17
pneum/o, pneumat/o, pneumon/o, pulmon/o
 
lung
18
sept/o
 
septum (wall off, fence)
19
sinus/o
 
sinus
20
thorac/o
 
thorax (chest)
21
tonsill/o
 
tonsil
22
trache/o
 
trachea
23
atel/o
 
imperfect, incomplete
24
capn/o
 
carbon dioxide
25
hem/o, hemat/o
 
blood
26
muc/o
 
mucus
27
orth/o
 
straight
28
ox/o, ox/i
 
oxygen
29
phon/o
 
sound, voice
30
py/o
 
pus
31
somn/o
 
sleep
32
spir/o
 
breathe, breathing
33
a-, an-
 
without or absence of
34
endo-
 
within organ or body part
35
eu-
 
normal, good
36
pan-
 
all, total
37
poly-
 
many, much
38
tachy-
 
fast, rapid
39
-algia
 
pain
40
-ar, -ary, -eal
 
pertaining to
41
-cele
 
hernia or protrusion
42
-centesis
 
surgical punture to aspirate fluid
43
-ecstasis
 
stretching out, dilating, expanison
44
-graphy
 
process of recording
45
-meter
 
instrument used to measure
46
-metry
 
measurement
47
-pexy
 
surgical fixation, suspension
48
-pnea
 
breathing
49
-rrhagia
 
rapid flow of blood
50
-stenosis
 
constriction or narrowing
51
-stomy
 
creation of artifcal opening
52
-tomy
 
cut into or incision
53
atelectasis
 
incomplete expansion of lung
54
bronchiectasis
 
dilation of bronchi
55
bronchopneumonia
 
diseased state of bronhi and lungs, usually by infection
56
hemothorax
 
blood in the chest
57
laryngotracheobronchitis (LTB)
 
inflammation of larynyx, trachea, and bronchi, aka croup
58
pansinusitis
 
inflammation of all sinuses
59
pneumoconiosis
 
abnormal condition of dust in the lungs
60
adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
 
respiratory failure in an adult as a result of disease or injury, symptoms, include dyspnea,...
61
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
 
group of disorders resulting from smoking that obscures bronchial flow, emphysema, chronic...
62
cor pulmonale
 
serious cardiac disease associated with chronic lung disease, such as emphysema
63
cystic fibrosis (CF)
 
hereditary, of exocrine glands, excess mucus production, pancreatic deficiency
64
emphysema
 
stretching of lung tissue
65
epistaxis
 
nosebleed, aka rhinorrhagia
66
Legionnaire disease
 
a lobar pneumonia caused by bacteria
67
obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
 
repetitive pharyngeal collapse during sleeps, absence of breathing
68
pertussis
 
contagious bacterial infection, aka whooping cough
69
pleural effusion
 
escape of fluid into pleural space as a result of inflammation
70
pulmonary embolism
 
foreign matter carried in circulation to pulmonary artery, blocking circulation
71
tuberculosis (TB)
 
infectious disease, caused by acid-fast bacillus
72
spirometer
 
instrument used to measure breathing (lung volume)
73
chest computed tomography (CT) scan
 
computerized images of chest sliced front to back
74
chest radiography (CXR)
 
chest x-ray
75
PPD skin test
 
Purified protein derivative skin test, on individuals recently exposed to TB
76
acapnia
 
abnormal low levels of carbon dioxide in blood
77
aphonia
 
loss of voice
78
eupnea
 
normal breathing
79
hyperpnea
 
excessive breathing
80
hypopnea
 
deficient breathing
81
rhinorrhea
 
discharge from nose
82
aspirate
 
to withdraw fluid or to suction as well as draw foreign material into respiratory tract
83
hiccup
 
singultus
84
paroxysm
 
periodic, sudden attack
85
patent
 
open
86
sputum
 
mucous secretion from lungs, expelled thru mouth

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