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Systems-oriented clinicians are most interested in
the process of what they are observing in the couple's interaction than in the content of the...
Dyads and triads refer to
relationship that becomes the center of therapeutic attention and the target of intervention...
From a family systems perspective, the appearance of symptoms in a family member represents...
an identified patient, scapegoating
The "identified patient" is the person in the family who
has the presenting symptom, the person who seeks treatment or for whom treatment is sought
a family's unstated rules regarding how to interpret or, if necessary, to change its rules
Most family rules are
A family's metarules refer to
Homeostasis refers to
a dynamic state of balance or equilibrium in a system, or a tendency in a system toward achieving...
The elements of a system are delineated by its
boundaries and whether or not they are permeable
A schizoohrenogenic mother is one who
is cold, domineering, tends to produce or develop a son with schizophrenia
The double-bind concept was first introduced to account for the development of
A double-bind situation calls for
a superior and inferior person, three injunctions 1. don't do that or you will be punished...
Which of the following models of family interaction is based largely on the psychoanalytic...
Object relations theory
Object relations theory is a
Object relations evolved from the study of
marital conflicts with Framo and splitting with Fairbairn, relationship between mother and...
Object relations theorists believe the infant's need for what influences the development of...
attachment to the mother
Object relations family therapy emphasizes the basic human need for
secure attachment and love, especially from the mother
Common terms used by experiential family therapists include all but one of the following. Which...
family sculpting, emotionally focused couple therapy, co-therapy, therapist's use of self,...
Generally speaking, experiential therapists
deal with the present rather than uncovering the past, replace preplanned therapeutic techniques...
Emotional therapists are especially critical of
emotion experience over rational thought and intellectualization, rigid role structures
For symbolic-experiential therapists, the focus of therapy is
address both individual and family relational patterns in the process of therapy, therapist...
Transgenerational approaches are
offer a psychoanalytically influenced, historically perspective to current family living problems...
The "undifferentiated family ego mass" refers to
Murray Bowen's term for an intense, symbolic nuclear family relationship, an individual sense...
In Bowen's Differentiation of Self Scale, people at the low end tend to live lives of
guided by their emotions, thinking is submerged, emotionally fused to others
The higher the degree of family fusion, the more likely
to function poorly and become dysfunctional
Bowen believed that, generally speaking, people choose mates with _______ levels of differentiation...
Emotional cut-off according to Bowen is
a flight of extreme emotional distancing in order to break emotional ties
A major technique utilized by Bowenian therapists involves
Bowen's work with families tended to be
more focused on the parents
Which of the following statements would likely be made by a structural family therapist?
they pay special attention to family transactional patterns because these offer clues to the...
Structural therapists emphasize
transaction/interactional patterns, clearly defined boundaries, current structures, identified...
A primary therapeutic goal for structuralists is
action leads to insight and understanding which leads to new structural patterns, challenges...
Which of the following is not a characteristic of a psychosomatic family?
a child has a manifested physical ailment, enmeshment is common, subsystems function poorly,...
One objective of structural interventions is for the psychosomatic family to achieve
clear boundaries, learn to negotiate desired changes, and deal more directly with hidden, underlying...
Some feminists are critical of Minuchin's emphasis on family hierarchies because they believe
his views are outmoded, rigid, and sexist
In disengaged families, boundaries are
In an enmeshed family
boundaries are diffused
Members of enmeshed families run the risk of over-emphasizing
roles/subsystems are easily crossed, parents are too accessible that children don't learn independence...
Diffused boundaries are
excessively blurred and indistinct and thus easily intruded upon by other family members
Members of disengaged families run the risk of over-emphasizing
independence, functioning separately and autonomously with little sense of family loyalty,...
Structural Family Therapy is
a therapeutic approach in which the therapist develops a specific plan or strategy and designs...
Labeling an anoretic's refusal to eat as "stubborn" rather than "sick" is an example of
One tactic employed by Minuchin in treating anoretics is to
provoke a crisis, changing the faulty family organization that the child's anorexia is embedded...
Structuralists believe the anoretic symptom is embedded in
faulty family organization, dysfunctional rules
Structuralists view anorexia nervosa as
a response to the family's dysfunction, not the adolescent's defiant behavior
Which of the following would not be considered a community theorist
Gregory Bateson, Don Jackson, Jay Haley, John Weakland, and Paul Watzlawick
Quarreling couples who feel justified in responding to what each perceives as an attack from...
One of the following is not a concept used by the communication theorists. Which one?
1.All behavior is communication at some level2. Communication may occur simultaneously at many...
Relationships are defined by _________ messages
The person who receives a double-bind message
is inferior, has no escape, is unable to avoid the incongruity or to comment on the impossibility...
a variety of paradoxical techniques used to change entrenched family patterns, intended to...
"Prescribing the symptom" is a form of
a therapeutic double bind, strategists try to produce a runaway system by urging or even coaching...
Relabeling is a form of
therapeutic double bind, essentially changing the label attached to a person or problem from...
Haley believes every relationship contains within it an implicit struggle for
control of the definition of the relationship
Strategic therapists tend to be
What are the seven levels of Gottman's Sound Relationship House Theory
1. establish love maps2. shared fondness and admiration3. turn towards4. develop the positive...